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Open source software

Research (3)


Information Technology and Libraries: Special Issue: Open Source Software

This issue of the quarterly journal Information Technology and Libraries (ITAL) focuses on open source software (OSS) and its use in the library community. About half of the articles are available for public viewing; the rest are for subscribers only. The first article provides a good account of the history of OSS, with specific attention given to three popular OSS operating systems. The next...

Open Office is a "multi-platform office productivity suite" that includes a word processor, spreadsheet, presentation manager, and drawing program. Available for free downloading and accessible in 27 different languages, the software can run on Solaris, Linux (including PPC Linux), and Windows. Designers are currently working on additional ports to include Mac OS X.
AbiWord: Word Processing for Everyone

A bit different than other word processors, AbiWord is a free word processor that is able to run on virtually any platform and supports a wide array of languages. Also of note is the fact that AbiWord is being developed as an Open Source project, which means that the lines of code comprising the application are freely available and redistributable. Perhaps the most important feature of AbiWord is... Project of the Month

SourceForge, described as the most prominent repository of open source software, selects an outstanding contribution to recognize on its Project of the Month Web site. As with all open source projects, the software can be freely downloaded, used, and modified. Examples of past projects of the month include an instant messaging client, a 3D game developing kit, and a tool for porting applications...
Darwin: Open Source

On March 16th, 1999, Apple computer made two announcements that indicate radical changes in the direction of its OS. One of these announcements was that Apple is releasing the source code to portions of Mac OS X server. The project, called Darwin, has not only released the foundation layers of the operating system, but established a system of user-contributed modifications to the source. Modeled...
Apple: Mac OS X Server

On March 16th, 1999, Apple computer made two announcements that indicate radical changes in the direction of its OS. One of these announcements was the release of Mac OS X Server, billed as "the first modern operating system" ever shipped by Apple. Based on BSD Unix and the Mach kernel, it includes standard Unix features such as protected memory, pre-emptive multitasking, and full process...
Developing an Open Source Option for NASA Software

A NASA technical report from April 2003 suggests that the agency switch to an open source software development strategy. This report, written at a very basic level, allows for a general audience to understand what constitutes open source and why it can be useful. The 52-page report gives several definitions and outlines benefits associated with such a switch from several different standpoints....
Munich Chooses SuSE Linux over Microsoft

The open source software movement has been gaining momentum over the past few years, as was affirmed by a fairly major announcement from the local government of Munich, Germany in May 2003. The city's decision to switch all of its 14,000 computers to run open source applications and operating systems is described in a news article from Computer World.
OpenSees: Open System for Earthquake Engineering Simulation

The Open System for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (OpenSees) is a project of the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center. OpenSees is an open source "software framework for developing applications to simulate the performance of structural and geotechnical systems subjected to earthquakes." The project's homepage maintains resources for users and developers, including downloadable source...
Python Programming Language

Python is often compared to Tcl, Perl, Scheme or Java and runs on many brands of UNIX, on Windows, OS/2, Mac, Amiga, and many other platforms. The most recent version of Python is available for free from this website. Also included are Python 2.3.3 Documentation (released December 19, 2003), the interpreter program that reads Python programs and carries out their instructions, tutorials for...
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