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Meteorology -- Observations.

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Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE)

This impressive site from the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Forecast Systems Laboratory in Boulder, Colorado serves as an educational gateway into the science of global climate patterns. Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) is "a worldwide network of students, teachers, and scientists working together to study and understand the global...

https://www.globe.gov
NOAA National Data Centers (NNDC) Climate Data Online (CDO)

The National Climate Data Center has launched the Climatic Data Online (CDO) system, providing "full period of record digital data for 5 types of US climatic data: daily surface data, monthly surface data, hourly precipitation data, 15-minute precipitation data, and global monthly surface data." Records are available from as early as the late 1800s, and each dataset is updated as more data become...

https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/
SAGE III Ozone Loss and Validation Experiment (SOLVE)

During the next three months, more than 350 scientists from Europe, Russia, Japan, and the United States will combine forces to measure ozone levels and changes in the upper Arctic atmosphere as part of SOLVE, the SAGE III Ozone Loss and Validation Experiment. Although much of the SOLVE homepage targets the public, several sections will be of interest to researchers and educators. The section...

https://cloud1.arc.nasa.gov/solve/index.html
Global Annual Freezing and Thawing Indices

The National Snow and Ice Data Center provide these data showing the "cumulative number of degree-days when air temperatures are below and above zero degrees Celsius." Two data files, one each for the freezing and thaw data, and a readme file are available. A Fortran program is provided in the data documentation to read the data that are in flat binary format.

https://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0063
Warmest winter in history

For four days last week, the daily temperatures outside the Internet Scout Project office here in Wisconsin soared above 60 F (and on one day, above 75 F), and the lakes that surround Madison melted in one fell swoop, bringing winter to a lurching halt and restless thoughts of summer to the forefront. While such local temperature anomalies are not surprising (nor did other cities experience the...

https://scout.wisc.edu/report/se/2000/0315
Climate of 2001 April in Historical Perspective

The newest of NOAA's monthly updates on climate in historical perspective is out now. Global and US climate analysis and extreme events such as flooding of the Mississippi River, severe storms in Bangladesh, and drought in Afghanistan are covered in the report. General temperature and precipitation data along with microwave sounding unit (MSU) measurements of lower tropospheric anomalies are given...

https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/national/200104
New York State Ambient Air Monitoring System

The Ambient Air Monitoring System: Near Real Time Data Web site is presented by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. The collected data includes pollutants such as sulfur dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide, and methane among others, as well as all common meteorological data. Records are collected and reported hourly, and can be viewed by parameter or by station, which are...

https://www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/8406.html
Atmospheric Variables Plotting Page

The Atmospheric Variables Plotting Page is part of the larger Climate Diagnostics Center Web site (last mentioned in the December 6, 2000 Scout Report for Science & Engineering ), which allows users to freely plot available data online. Inputs include date (going back to 1980); variable, such as geopotential height, eddy height, relative humidity, vector winds, and air temperature among others;...

https://psl.noaa.gov/data/histdata/
Antarctic Meteorology Online from the British Antarctic Survey

The Antarctic Meteorology Online Web site is provided by the British Antarctic Survey and the Natural Environment Research Council. Visitors will find weather reports provided by the dozens of stations located in the Antarctic. The Web master has made these data accessible by each specific station; by a clickable map; by a list of all land, ship, or buoy stations; or by an oracle database...

https://legacy.bas.ac.uk/met/metlog/
AZMET Weather Data

The Arizona Metrological Network (AZMET) provides air and soil temperature, humidity, solar radiation, speed and wind direction, and precipitation data from 1987 to the present. The website provides the latitude, longitude, and elevation and a map of data collection sites. Researchers can find hourly and daily raw data as well as summaries of weekly, monthly, and yearly data. Although developed...

https://cals.arizona.edu/azmet/az-data.htm
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