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Science and state -- United States

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National Science Foundation

The National Science Foundation announces its WWW Home Page which includes the Guide to Programs and the Grants Proposal Guide. These documents provide information on program initiatives at NSF, along with instructions for preparing and submitting proposals. Biographies of NSF officials, weekly "What's New" pages, and a link to NSF's publications database are also accessible.
Government Funding of Scientific Research

This document is a working paper from the National Science Board at the National Science Foundation. The paper is divided into four sections. The first section defines the terms "research" and "development." The second section goes on to provide justification for scientific research and the third and fourth sections provide recommendations for coordinating federally financed research and for...
Discovery and Innovation: Federal Research and Development Activities in the Fifty States, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico

RAND, a nonprofit organization devoted to the research and analysis of policy making and decision making, released this report on June 15, 2000. Discovery and Innovation "provides the most comprehensive and detailed information to date on the nature, magnitude and whereabouts of the individual activities that make up the federal government's R&D [research and development] portfolio." The study...
William J. Clinton Presidential Center

Former President Clinton, like President Jimmy Carter before him, has embarked on an ambitious program of humanitarian work through the William J. Clinton Foundation. On the Foundation’s website, visitors can learn about the various partnerships and programs, which are centered on the themes of health security, economic empowerment, and leadership development, among others. From the homepage,...
National Science Foundation: National Medal of Science 50th Anniversary

On August 25, 1959, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed into law the creation of the National Medal of Science (NMS), an award first issued by President John F. Kennedy in 1963. This fun and informative site brings together information about all of the past winners, along with material on the design of the medal and a gallery of images from various NMS events. First-time visitors should visit...