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Great Britain -- Ordnance Survey

View Resource Ordnance Survey: History of Maps

The Ordnance Survey started life in Britain in the late eighteenth century, and its original purpose was military in nature. It traces its origins to 1746 when King George II commissioned a military survey of the Scottish highlands. Almost fifty years later, the Board of Ordnance (the defense ministry at the time) began a survey of England's southern coasts, which were vulnerable to attack from...