During the past 50 years, there has been much debate and hand-wringing over how best to create a self-sustaining and independent Palestinian state. While many attempts have been made, in some sense very little substantial progress has been made. A team of researchers at the RAND Corporation has created this 453-page monograph that contains a singularly comprehensive set of recommendations for the success of an independent Palestinian state. Released in April 2005, the report contains proposals for a number of transportation links between the West Bank and Gaza that would hopefully open the door for access to jobs, food, water, health care, and other such public services. The report itself does not comment on how Israelis and Palestinians can reach a settlement to create such a state, but rather focuses almost entirely on what would happen in such a state were created. Based on research conducted from 2002 to 2004, this report will definitely be thought-provoking and compelling for persons with an interest in political economy, development issues, and the future of this highly contested region.