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Cross-National Indicators Of Liberal Democracy, 1950-1990

In February 1999 the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) at the University of Michigan added this study to its archive. Cross-National Indicators Of Liberal Democracy, 1950-1990, is an international collection of political, social, and economic measures, containing more than 800 variables, for most of the world's independent countries. Topics covered by the study include "adult suffrage; civil liberties; political rights; the openness, fairness, and competitiveness of the electoral process; executive and legislative selection and effectiveness; political party legitimacy; political participation; limitations on the executive branch of the government; level of democratization; economic openness; constitutional development; government legitimacy; and the outlook for freedom." The ICPSR freely provides a codebook and documentation in compressed and uncompressed .pdf format. The data set is provided in a compressed and uncompressed SAS transport file, and may be downloaded by authorized member institutions and official representatives of the ICPSR Data Archive. Downloading specifications and instructions are provided.
Archived Scout Publication URL
Date Issued
Data Type
Date of Scout Publication
February 23rd, 1999
Date Of Record Creation
April 9th, 2003 at 12:30pm
Date Of Record Release
April 9th, 2003 at 12:30pm
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