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Home Projects Publications Archives About Sign Up or Log In USDA Forest Service References on the American Indian Use of Fire in Ecosystems

Studies examining the use of fire by Native Americans prior to European arrival in North America have received a considerable amount of attention in recent years. This website contains a sizeable collection of references addressing this subject, and was compiled in 2001 by Dr. Gerald W. Williams, an Historical Analyst for the US Forest Service. Dr. Williams introduces the references as "part of the growing literature of the intentional use of fire by American Indians in English speaking portions of North America." Preceding the references, Dr. Williams includes brief summary sections that address the arrival of Europeans, the discoveries and burning practices of early settlers, and documented reasons or purposes for burning by Native Americans. [NL]
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Date of Scout Publication 2004-10-15
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