What can local governments and other entities do to ensure that human trafficking is not taking place within their boundaries? In an era of reduced budgets, there are no easy answers. This document from the Urban Institute takes a close look at how police, prosecutors, and service providers address this question. Released in April 2012, the report was authored by Colleen Owens, Meredith Dank, and William Adams. One of the report's findings was that "there was a significant lack of awareness about human trafficking among practitioners and the law enforcement community, as well as a focus on sex trafficking." The report is divided into eight separate sections, including "Characteristics of Human Trafficking Cases," "Investigating Human Trafficking Cases," and "Federal Prosecution of Human Trafficking Cases." Policy types and social scientists will find the appendices useful, as they include methodological information and information on state-by-state anti-trafficking laws.