The Library of Congress describes the 1800 presidential campaign between incumbent Federalist John Adams and Republican Thomas Jefferson as "extremely partisan and outright nasty." This website provides visitors with a number of primary documents related to this election, the candidates, the development of the electoral college, and more. These fascinating documents include a letter from Thomas Jefferson to James Madison in which the former describes a plan to manipulate presidential electors. Visitors can also look at a letter from Alexander Hamilton in which he urges his fellow Federalists to rally behind Adams - a candidate that Hamilton describes in an open letter as having a character unbefitting a president - because he was "the only thing that can possibly save us from the fangs of Jefferson." The collection also includes materials regarding a central issue of the 1800 election: the relocation of the nation's capital to Washington, D.C. As a whole, Creating the United States: Election of 1880 provides insight into the the tempestuous and fragile nature of the nation's early political life.
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