Released on December 1, World AIDS Day, this new report from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) explores the skyrocketing number of children in sub-Saharan Africa made orphans by the AIDS pandemic. The numbers involved are simply staggering. By the end of 1999, over 11.2 million children will be orphaned by AIDS, 95 percent of them in sub-Saharan Africa, where over 16.3 million have died since the epidemic began. Before AIDS, the report reveals, approximately "2 per cent of all children in developing countries were orphans. By 1997, the figure had jumped to 7 per cent in many African countries - in some countries the figures run as high as 11 per cent." The report, available in both .pdf and MS Word formats, includes a brief introduction to the crisis and then provides case studies of responses to the orphan crisis in Botswana, Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.