In October 2018, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released a special report on "the impacts of global warming of 1.5 degrees C above pre-industrial levels." The IPCC wrote this report in response to an invitation issued by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change as part of the Paris Agreement of 2015. The report "highlights a number of climate change impacts that could be avoided by limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees C compared to 2 degrees C, or more," and also "examines pathways available to limit warming to 1.5 degrees C, what it would take to achieve them and what the consequences could be." Readers may download the report's five chapters in full for a total of about 225 pages, or they may download the 34-page Summary for Policymakers for a condensed version. As Debra Roberts, Co-Chair of IPCC Working Group II, stated, "This report gives policymakers and practitioners the information they need to make decisions that tackle climate change while considering local context and people's needs. The next few years are probably the most important in our history." The IPCC was established by the United Nations in 1988 to examine research on human-induced changes to the global climate. Since then, it has produced five major assessment reports, with the most recent in 2014, and several special reports on particular topics.