Social scientists may be particularly interested in Being Black in the EU, a report from the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA). Released in November 2018, this report "outlines selected results from FRA's second large-scale EU-wide survey on migrants and minorities ... [and] examines the experiences of almost 6,000 people of African descent in 12 EU Member States." Among this survey's results, it found that for significant proportions of people of African descent in the EU, experiences of racial harassment and violence were relatively common and that 41 percent of the respondents who have been stopped by the police in the five years prior to the survey experienced racial profiling. The survey findings also suggest that racial discrimination is behind unequal employment opportunities and access to adequate housing. Interested readers can download the full 80-page report as a PDF, which includes explanations of the study's methodology, terminology and legal framework, and numerous summary graphics. The FRA is a decentralized agency that "seeks to instill a fundamental rights culture across the EU" by collecting data and providing EU institutions and member states with expert advice on this topic.
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