As part of its Teaching with Historic Places program, the National Park Service has created this lesson plan centered around Iolani Palace in Honolulu, Hawai'i. Now designated as a National Historic Landmark, Iolani Palace was "the official residence and capitol of the last ruling monarchs of the Kingdom of Hawai'i" prior to the United States taking control of the Hawaiian islands in 1898. In this lesson, students use primary and secondary source documents, as well as maps and historical photographs to learn about this history of the annexation of Hawai'i from both the American and the Hawaiian perspectives. This lesson plan is designed to be used with students in grades 5-12, and it is aligned with National History and National Social Studies Standards. Here, visitors can download the full 44-page lesson as a PDF, which includes readings, question sets, and post-lesson activities for deeper engagement. Readers will also find downloadable image files used in the lesson and links to several other relevant online resources. This lesson was published in 2016 and written by Ben Hurwitz, who at the time was a doctoral candidate in history at George Mason University, and edited by Teaching with Historic Places staff.