RAND, a nonprofit organization devoted to the research and analysis of policy making and decision making, released this report on June 15, 2000. Discovery and Innovation "provides the most comprehensive and detailed information to date on the nature, magnitude and whereabouts of the individual activities that make up the federal government's R&D [research and development] portfolio." The study considers federal research and development by examining it on a state-by-state basis. A main finding was that federal research and development spending was regionally concentrated, with 80 percent of the funding spent in only fifteen states; California, alone, receives $14.4 billion. The full text of the study is available for download in .pdf format. However, each of the 52 chapters must be downloaded individually.