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Migratory Birds and Spread of West Nile Virus in the Western Hemisphere

John H. Rappole and colleagues wrote this perspective article (for Emerging Infectious Diseases) on the potential implications of the spread of West Nile Virus by migrating birds. Although ornithophilic mosquitoes are the principal vectors of West Nile virus (in the Old World), several species of birds (mainly migrants) appear to be important introductory or amplifying hosts. Patterns of virus outbreaks in southern Europe are examined, and the authors suggest that "viremic migratory birds may also contribute to movement of the virus."
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Date Issued
Date of Scout Publication
February 14th, 2001
Date Of Record Creation
April 7th, 2003 at 3:04pm
Date Of Record Release
April 7th, 2003 at 3:04pm
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