Many Indigenous peoples serve as caretakers for the Amazon, as "around 30 percent of Amazon lands are within their territories." This is particularly true for Indigenous peoples in Ecuador, where nearly half of the country's land contains the Amazon biome. This hour-long learning session led by Juan Carlos Garcia, conservation director of WWF-Ecuador, focuses on conservation lessons from this region. Juan Carlos Garcia begins his talk by providing a brief overview of Ecuador's land, people, and economy. Then, he presents two case studies, exploring conservation work through the lens of the Zancudo Cocha community and the Achuar Indigenous Peoples. Finally, he shares several reflections, among them, the importance of prioritizing community knowledge, building relationships between communities and other partners, and considering both environmental and human impacts of conservation work. Though this talk was recorded in September of 2017, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Forest and Climate team continues to produce learning sessions on related issues of sustainability, biodiversity, and conservation. Readers will find these videos by navigating to the main page of the WWF Forest and Climate YouTube channel.