Written by Paul Offner and Harry Holzer, Professors at the Georgetown Public Policy Institute, "Left Behind in the Labor Market: Recent Employment Trends Among Young Black Men" is a nine page report that compares the employment trends of young black men with no more than a high school education to other groups of the same educational background over the past two decades. According to the report, as the employment rate for young black women has steadily increased over the last 20 years, the rate of employment for their male counterparts has declined. Only 52% of young black men are currently employed compared to 62% twenty years ago. Furthermore, the study finds that the employment rate for young black men is much lower in cities compared to the suburbs. On the whole, the findings provide a cautionary note for welfare reform public policies aimed towards "family formation." Hence, the high percentage of unemployed young black men makes the economics of marriage less favorable for many low-income black couples. The report concludes with the authors' recommendations for how welfare policy can contribute to the formation of two parent families by helping young black men and fathers succeed in the labor market.