The Scout Report -- Volume 9, Number 17

May 2, 2003

A Publication of the Internet Scout Project
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

In This Issue:

NSDL Scout Reports

Research and Education

General Interest

Network Tools

In The News

NSDL Scout Reports

NSDL Scout Reports for the Life Sciences and Physical Sciences
The ninth issues of the second volumes of the Life Sciences Report and Physical Sciences Report are available. The Topic in Depth section of Life Sciences Report annotates sites on biological warfare. The Physical Sciences Report's Topic in Depth section offers Web sites and comments about voltage drop.

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Research and Education

Psychiatry On-Line
The field of psychiatry is one that is vast and rather complex, and fortunately for academics and practitioners in the field, the Psychiatry On-Line Web site provides a well-conceived international forum for the discipline. Edited and maintained since 1994 by Dr. Ben Green (a licensed psychiatrist in the United Kingdom), the site features peer-reviewed articles, papers, and case reports from around the world. Part of the Priory group, Psychiatry On-Line contains links to other germane online journals, including the Italian and Brazilian counterparts to the English-language version of Psychiatry On-Line. Visitors will want to browse the archives of previously featured papers, which are thematically organized under topics ranging from affective disorders to substance abuse. The general public will find the section Psychiatry in the Cinema of note, as Dr. Green offers commentary on the depiction of persons with psychiatric conditions (such as schizophrenia) in films like "A Beautiful Mind" and "As Good as it Gets." [KMG]
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Diotima: Women and Gender in the Ancient World
Edited by Ross Scaife of the University of Kentucky and Suzanne Bonefas of Southwestern University, Diotima "serves as an interdisciplinary resource for anyone interested in patterns of gender around the ancient Mediterranean and as a forum for collaboration among instructors who teach courses about women and gender in the ancient world." To that end, the two collaborators have placed a number of helpful syllabi from courses dealing with this subject here for the general public (and colleagues), along with an anthology of translated primary sources from this era, such as various writings of Sophocles, Hesiod, Euripedes, and others. Equally compelling are the links to outside Web resources, such as one dealing with the Book of Ruth and one dealing specifically with the women of ancient Rome. Finally, interested parties may sign up to be informed of updates to the Web site, and submit articles for the consideration of the editors. [KMG]
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Jointly sponsored by the International Literacy Institute and the National Center on Adult Literacy at the University of Pennsylvania's Graduate School of Education, is a cornucopia of valuable resources related to adult literacy in the United States and throughout the entire world. Particularly impressive, the search engine allows users to browse their holdings by country or region, topics, or perspective (such as teacher, practitioner, and so on). Their publication section is quite authoritative in its scope and depth, containing numerous technical reports, policy briefs, and international papers. Equally compelling are the sections devoted to the organization's ongoing projects, such as Tech.21, which is a hands-on dissemination system for the implementation and enhancement of high quality IT applications in adult education. Additionally, the Web site is frequently updated, and new developments in the field of adult literacy are prominently posted on the site's homepage. For anyone working in the field of adult literacy, this site will most likely prove to be an indispensable resource. [KMG]
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Why does the American Constitution Lack Social and Economic Guarantees? [.pdf]
Released in January 2003, this working paper from the University of Chicago's Public Law and Legal Theory Working Paper Series asks the vexing question: "Why does the American Constitution lack social and economic guarantees?" Authored by Professor Cass Sunstein, the 20-page paper explores four possible reasons why this may be the case. As noted by Sunstein, these reasons can be articulated as being either chronological, cultural, institutional, or realist. Divided into seven parts, Sunstein's paper engages each of these potential reasons, along with offering some brief concluding remarks. The realist explanation is perhaps the most provocative aspect of the work, suggesting that the four critical Supreme Court appointments made by President Nixon may have effectively undercut an emerging movement that may have led to the incorporation of such guarantees into the Constitution. [KMG]
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Risk and Protective Factors of Child Delinquency [.pdf]
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention has begun to issue a series of bulletins on child delinquency to provide the public and policy-makers with the latest research dealing with the prevention and reduction of this growing problem. As this first bulletin suggests in its introduction, "Preventing delinquency early in a child's life can pay significant dividends by reducing crime rates and decreasing crime-related expenditures of tax dollars." This particular 16-page bulletin, released in April 2003, deals with the risk and protective factors that are involved in developing effective early intervention and protection programs for juvenile offenders under the age of 13. The report begins with a brief discussion of previous research in the area, and continues on to identify some of the key risk factors that may lead to a young person's involvement with illegal and violent activities. As the report concludes, the authors note that there is no single risk factor that may indicate that a juvenile will develop a tendency towards these behaviors, but that early intervention programs have demonstrated some measure of success. [KMG]
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Internet Sacred Text Archive
The world's philosophical and religious traditions have found a fine home at the Internet Sacred Text Archive, which, as the homepage notes, is "a quiet place in cyberspace devoted to religious tolerance and scholarship." Working together with a number of colleagues and volunteers, JB Hare has compiled this vast archive of sacred and philosophical texts from a number of public-domain sources and placed them on the site. What makes the site so intriguing is that Hare has placed detailed information about the sources and standards that have been deployed for each separate project, which will be of great interest to scholars. While the entire site can be searched, there is much to be learned by looking through the topics listed on the main page, which range from Atlantis to Zoroastrianism. Each separate topic contains a number of accurately transcribed (and some times, translated) primary and secondary documents, such as first-hand collections of oral traditions. For persons looking for their own copy of the material contained on the site, a CD-ROM is available for purchase as well. [KMG]
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ReefBase: A Global Information System on Coral Reefs
ReefBase, a comprehensive Web portal for information on coral reefs, is presented by the World Fish Center based in Malaysia. Intended for use by reef managers, scientists, and the general public, ReefBase aims to "facilitate better understanding of the interdependence between humans and coral reefs, in order to benefit management and conservation efforts of these important resources." ReefBase provides information on coastal and marine resources, coral reef threats, resource management practices, maps and photos, references, and more. Users can quickly search for information organized by country or territory using a convenient dropdown menu. ReefBase is frequently updated; one recent addition is a status report for coral reefs of the southwestern Indian Ocean. This site is also reviewed in the May 2, 2003 NSDL Life Sciences Report. [RS]
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Internet Geography
Created by teacher Anthony Bennett, the Internet Geography Web site seeks to be a center for shared geographical resources and knowledge. A wide range of information and teaching tools can be found here, including links to original works that describe general physical, environmental, human, and economic geography subjects. Special sections of the site are geared specifically for students and teachers; the site provides them with homework help and lessons for teaching geography. Additions are regularly made to the site, making repeated visits necessary and fruitful. This site is also reviewed in the May 2, 2003 NSDL Physical Science Report. [JAB]
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General Interest

Experience Music Project [Real Player, Flash]
Inspired by a love of music (and a great respect and admiration for Jimi Hendrix), Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen set out to create the Experience Music Project (EMP) in Seattle. In an innovative and creative building design by noted modern architect Frank Gehry, Allen showcases some of the over 80,000 items related to the history of music over the past century. On the site, visitors will find a number of helpful resources, ranging from the types of ongoing and exhibits hosted at the EMP to an event calendar detailing the many performances and talks held at the facility. One of the site's most fun and engaging features is the online Music Interviews, which profile music critics, women in rock and roll, and hip-hop artists such as Force MDs and Doug E. Fresh. For up and coming guitar players, there is a section highlighting "Quick Tips" that will help individuals improve their sound and instrumental style. Overall, the site is a nice resource for those interested in learning about this rather interactive and hands-on museum. [KMG]
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Deep Throat Uncovered
Last week at a conference held at the legendary Watergate complex in Washington DC, Professor Bill Gaines of the University of Illinois announced that, after four years, he and his journalism students had concluded that Fred Fielding (former assistant to President Nixon) was the legendary "Deep Throat" who provided information about the Watergate break-in that led to the downfall of President Nixon. While Fielding has not spoken publicly about this declaration by Professor Gaines, many people are convinced that Gaines and his students may be correct. This site contains a great deal of material related to the investigation conducted by Gaines and his students over the past four years, including information about the documents they reviewed, various media responses to their findings, a brief synopsis about the Watergate scandal, and the clues that led the students to Fielding. [KMG]
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George Perkins Marsh Online Research Center
George Perkins Marsh had many careers during his long life, including sheep farmer, lawyer, politician, and diplomat. Without a doubt, he is best remembered today for his groundbreaking work, "Man and Nature," which was one of the first pieces of scholarship to describe in detail the significance of human action in transforming the natural world. Since its publication in 1864, the book has been written about at length, and more recently, there has been an increase in interest in Marsh's correspondence and letters with his 19th century colleagues. The Bailey/ Howe Library at the University of Vermont has placed a number of these documents online at this site, many of which will be quite interesting to those persons seeking to learn about this remarkable man's life and thoughts. Visitors can browse or search the various forms of correspondence, which includes letters to and from G.P. Marsh, the noted Vermont sculptor, and S.F. Baird, a leading 19th century authority on North American wildlife. [KMG]
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Creative Space: Fifty Years of Robert Blackburn's Printmaking Workshop
This Library of Congress exhibition presents fifty-nine works from the Robert Blackburn Printmaking Workshop Archives and Collection, most of which can be viewed online (some await copyright clearance). Master printmaker Robert Blackburn, 1920-2003, established the Printmaking Workshop in 1948 in New York City, becoming one of the largest and longest lasting printmaking studios in the United States, a place where 2,000 fine prints were created by 1,311 artists. Web exhibition visitors can view the artworks either by starting at the checklist of objects, where prints are presented in a chronological list, or by browsing through the sections of the exhibition, including "Founding the Printmaking Workshop;" "A Graphics Explosion," primarily the 1950s and perhaps the most colorful section; "Incorporation, Experimentation, and Outreach," from 1960s - 1980s and with works by Romare Bearden; and "Seeds and Collaborations," tracing the far-reaching influences of the Printmaking Workshop on both other artistic organizations and on artists. [DS]
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Consortium for Research on Emotional Intelligence
Founded in 1996 with support from the Fetzer Institute, the Consortium for Research on Emotional Intelligence is dedicated to advancing the research and practice related to emotional intelligence in organizations. With 25 current members from a variety of fields ranging from academic appointments to consultants, the Consortium continues to fulfill its mandate to "study all that is known about emotional intelligence in the workplace." First-time visitors seeking to learn about the basic activities of the Consortium will want to spend some time browsing through the Research section of the site, which contains helpful background papers addressing the importance of emotional intelligence and developing standards for the field. The site also contains the detailed and recently updated research agenda of the Consortium, along with profiles of current members. Finally, a detailed reference section contains a detailed bibliography of scholarship that will be of interest to those seeking to read additional material within the discipline. [KMG]
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Expeditions in Conservation: Rhinos of the Terai Arc
Within the Terai Arc region of Nepal and northern India live the increasingly rare greater one-horned rhino, an animal whose numbers have dropped dramatically over the past few years. This particular type of rhino is the largest of the three Asian rhinos, reaching lengths of approximately ten feet and a weight of about 2.2 metric tons. Utilizing this nice Web site developed by the World Wildlife Fund, visitors can learn about a recent expedition sponsored by the Fund designed to relocate 10 of these massive creatures from Royal Chitwan National Park to the Royal Bardian Park. At the site, visitors can learn more about the different species that live in the region, meet the team of researchers, and read their daily dispatches from the field. For students, a feedback section allows individuals to ask the scientists questions about their work, and a brief quiz tests them on information provided on the site. [KMG]
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Statistics Indonesia
Started in 1997, the Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS-Statistics Indonesia) is a non-departmental Indonesian government institution directly responsible to the Indonesian president. As the law that created this valuable institution stipulates, the BPS is intended to provide data to the government and the public, along cooperating with other international statistical institutions. Visitors looking for statistics on any number of topics will not be disappointed, as the areas covered include agriculture, consumer price indices, employment, energy, foreign trade, mining, population, public finance, tourism, and social welfare. Additionally, there are monthly macro-economic statistical reports for the years from 1998 to 2001 that can be downloaded and viewed as well. The site is rounded out by a collection of some 21 papers from the past four years that analyze various economic data from the country, such as earning data and manufacturing production. [KMG]
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Network Tools

SETI@home 3.08
The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence project at Berkeley is one of the most interesting ways of searching for signs of intelligent life throughout the universe. By the use of this free screensaver, users will be assisting in the processing of data collected at the Arecibo radio telescope in Puerto Rico. When users aren't using their terminals, the computer will essentially be examining small pieces of data and reporting the results back to the SETI project directors. The SETI screensaver is compatible with all systems running Mac OS 9.0 and higher. [KMG]
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Accurate Monitor 1.2
With many computer users developing their own Web sites, some of them may be interested in monitoring how search engines may be ranking their site. This latest edition of Accurate Monitor may prove useful, as it allows individuals to find the position of their Web site in search engines like Altavista and Google. Additionally, Accurate Monitor can generate advanced statistics and monitor plugins, along with providing a flexible interface system. This version of Accurate Monitor is compatible with all systems running Windows 95 and higher. [KMG]
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In The News

Musicians behind the "Motown Sound" are Back in the Spotlight
Film Hasn't Sparked Motown Reunions
Funk Brothers Finally Get their Due Grammys
Black Standing in the Shadows of Motown: An Interview with the Funk Brothers
The Funk Brothers
Standing in the Shadows of Motown
Classic Motown
During the 1960s, young and old people alike began to hear a new type of music blossom over the radio, and it soon became referred to as the "Motown sound." With the help of the legendary Berry Gordy, Motown churned out dozens of hits, many of them sung by emerging stars such as Smokey Robinson and the Miracles, Stevie Wonder, and the Supremes. What few people knew at the time that many of the elaborate licks behind their vocals were provided by the Funk Brothers, Motown's in-house collection of amazing instrumentalists. Recently, the Funk Brothers received their due in a well-received documentary, "Standing in the Shadows of Motown," in addition to receiving 2 Grammies earlier this year. Six of the original Funk Brothers are still alive, and they are currently in the process of recording new material, as well as planning a tour of both Australia and Europe.

The first link leads to a recent news story from the Washington Post about the Funk Brothers' recent accolades. The second link will take visitors to a news article from the Detroit Free Press that talks about the 2 Grammies recently won by the Funk Brothers (one for best soundtrack and the other for best traditional R&B performance). The third link is to an interesting interview with three of the six remaining Funk Brothers, located at The fourth link features an overview of the history of the Funk Brothers, complete with information about their demanding recording sessions and the various participants who made up the ensemble over the years. The fifth link leads to the "Standing in the Shadows of Motown" homepage, where visitors can view the film's trailer and learn more about the film and its soundtrack. The final site is an excellent tribute to the classic Motown years (provided by Motown Records), where visitors can browse a timeline, listen to classic Motown songs, and learn more about the songs and artists who made up the "Motown sound." [KMG]
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