The Scout Report for Science & Engineering - October 14, 1998

The Scout Report for Science & Engineering

October 14, 1998

A Publication of the Internet Scout Project
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The target audience of the new Scout Report for Science & Engineering is faculty, students, staff, and librarians in the life sciences, physical sciences, and engineering. Each biweekly issue offers a selective collection of Internet resources covering topics in the sciences, and related fields such as math and engineering, that have been chosen by librarians and content specialists in the given field of study.

The Scout Report for Science & Engineering is also provided via email once every two weeks. Subscription information is included at the bottom of each issue.

In This Issue
* Research * Current Awareness
* Learning Resources * New Data
* General Interest * In the News
Nobel Prize Announcements: Medicine, Chemistry, and Physics
The 1998 Nobel Prize in Medicine was announced on Monday, October 12. The prize went to Robert Furchgott, Louis Ignarro and Ferid Murad, who made important discoveries on "Nitric Oxide as a signaling molecule in the cardiovascular system." The Nobel Prizes in Physics and Chemistry were announced Tuesday, October 13. The Nobel Prize in Physics went to Robert Laughlin, Horst Stormer, and Daniel Tsui, for discovering that "electrons acting together in strong magnetic fields can form new types of 'particles,' with charges that are fractions of electron charges." The Nobel Prize in Chemistry went to Walter Kohn and John Pople, each of whom have made "pioneering contributions in developing methods that can be used for theoretical studies of the properties of molecules and the chemical processes in which they are involved." The Nobel Foundation homepage outlines the Foundation's mission and provides information on the awarding institutions. Users may also tour through the Electronic Nobel Museum Project, complete with prize archives, essays, lectures, and related symposia. [KH]
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GeneMap'98: A New Gene Map of the Human Genome
Genes and Disease
The National Center for Biotechnology Information of the National Library of Medicine (part of the National Institutes of Health) has just posted a new gene of the Human Genome (first described in the October 25, 1996 Scout Report), showing the positions, associated data and annotations for more than 30,000 human gene-based markers. Produced "by a collaboration of 63 scientists from government, university, and commercial laboratories around the world," an accompanying article to the new Gene Map will be published in the Genomes issue of Science in late October. A companion webpage, Genes and Disease, provides information "for some 60 diseases associated with specific genes, and has links to the 1998 Gene Map as well as to PubMed, protein sequences, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, and associations related to each disease." [LXP]
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Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC): On-line Particle Physics Information
The Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) Library provides this electronic "guide," which organizes and annotates online databases, webpages, catalogs, and directories that are of value to the particle physics community. Online resources are categorized by data, collaborations and experiments, conferences, current awareness services, five different directories (for research institutions, libraries, etc.), online scientific papers and journals, four types of educational sites, and software directories. Within each section, links to outside databases and Internet sites direct users to addtional resources on particle physics. [KH]
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Three New Journals
Genome Research
The FASEB Journal Online
HighWire Press
Genome Research, the Web version of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory's printed journal, focuses on "genome studies in all species, including genetic and physical mapping, DNA sequencing, genome-based analyses of biological processes, gene discovery, comparative genome analyses, evolution studies, forensics, informatics, statistical and mathematical methods, genome structure and function, and technological innovations and applications." Online issues are available from April 1997; tables of contents and abstracts begin August 1995. Hepatology, journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, contains "original papers on clinical and research topics of general interest to those specializing in the liver and biliary tract." Online full-text content begins in January 1998, and will expand with each month's new issues; online abstracts begin in 1981. The free access period for Genome Research and Hepatology ends December 31, 1998. FASEB, The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, has recently placed the full text of The FASEB Journal online, containing all figures and tables in a searchable (by keyword) format. In addition, cited references include "hyperlinks to Medline and to the online full text of many other frequently-cited journals." Online FASEB content begins with the January 1998 issue and will expand with each month's new issue. Abstracts begin with the July 1987 issue. FASEB Online subscription is free through the end of March 1999. All three journals are made available through Stanford University's HighWire Press. [LXP]
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Field Investigations of the 1905 Bulnay Earthquake Ruptures
The US Geological Survey (USGS) recently conducted field investigations on Mongolian earthquakes. This site provides the results of the those field studies and offers background information on Mongolia, as well as on previous USGS earthquake work there. Interested visitors may wish to check out the fifteen-day expedition section, illustrated with maps. A brief reference section cites previous work. The 'More About Earthquakes' and 'What's New' links on the site's front page feature current and background information on earthquakes. [KH]
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JIMO: Joint Institute for Marine Observations
Environmental Research Laboratories (ERL)
The new Joint Institute for Marine Observations (JIMO) website serves as a mechanism to centralize "the research and infrastructure resources" of Scripps Institution of Oceanography and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), two of the leading marine research institutes in North America. JIMO research focuses on four areas: Research in Extreme Environments, Long Term Ocean & Atmosphere Observations, Biological Systems Research, and Research & Development on Observation System. JIMO is one of more than a dozen Environmental Research Laboratories (see ERL homepage). As a joint institute, JIMO also seeks to "enhance the educational opportunities and breadth of training for students through close collaboration with the NOAA researchers, team teaching by Scripps and NOAA scientists and research experience at one of the NOAA facilities." Further information is available on site. [LXP]
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Learning Resources
Information Retrieval in Chemistry-WWW Server
A new discovery by the Scout Team, the Information Retrieval in Chemistry-WWW Server is a resource site devoted to chemistry for "both novice and advanced Internet users." Resources are divided into several categories including Chemistry, Chemistry-related sections, Internet resources, and mailing lists. The chemistry sites are divided into over 50 types of chemistry, from marine to colloidal. Chemistry-related sections include bioscience, mathematics, and geoscience. Internet resources include FTP, Telnet, Gopher, and Usenet. At the Hellas section, the creators of this site (from the Institute of Physical Chemistry, Greece) also provide visitors with information on their home city. [KH]
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Web Resources for Model Organisms
HMS Beagle: In Situ Archives
In this recent In Situ feature from the notable resource HMS Beagle (described in the February 14, 1997 Scout Report), Pamela Gannon has put together an excellent page on model organisms -- those well-studied species that have allowed scientists to examine, in detail, the mechanisms of development and inheritance. Gannon lists and fully describes "a wide variety of Internet resources ... to aid in the study of model organisms and to interface with the available genomic information." For educators, researchers, or students studying development or inheritance, this site is a great launching pad. Links to previous, interesting features are listed in the In Situ Archives. [LXP]
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Environmental Earth Sciences
Provided by Dr. Bill Heins, Associate Professor of Geology at Lewis-Clark State College, this course homepage contains many of the lesson plans used for Environmental Earth Sciences classes at Lewis-Clark. The course begins with an overview of fundamental topics such as geologic time, chemistry, minerals, rocks, structure of the earth, and plate tectonics. Each of these sections contains a short introduction followed by book, web, and field work. Teachers can consult this site for useful project and curriculum ideas. Currently, only the fundamentals sections are active. [KH]
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Physics Demonstrations: Fowler's Physics Applets [Java]
Michael Fowler, Commonwealth Professor of Physics at the University of Virginia, offers this prime collection of (some still in progress) physics demonstrations. Applets (Java) demonstrate such classic principles as Newton's Cannon (in which the user may fire red cannonballs at different velocities from a tall mountain -- and see which of them will orbit the earth), Group Velocity and Phase Velocity, Two-dimensional Collisions, Projectile Motion, Brownian Motion, and One-dimensional One-atom classical Gas, among others. Inquisitive users may download the applet as a .zip file, as source code, or with related class materials. A series of related applets are listed, as are links to resources such as TIPTOP, The Internet Pilot to Physics (described in the April 19, 1996 Scout Report). [LXP]
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Curriculum Links for Science Teachers
A starting point for teachers, this metasite provides annotated resources for multiple subject areas including biology, chemistry, weather and astronomy, and wildlife and the environment. Teaching resources target a variety of learning styles from 'Learning Through Collaborative Visualization' through more standard methods; many interactive tools and classroom activities are also featured. From geotropism and hurricane tracking through plant diversity, educators can mine this metasite for resources on a wide variety of science-related topics. [KH]
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General Interest
Impacts of the Kyoto Protocol on US Energy Markets and Economic Activity--EIA [.pdf, .zip]
In December 1997, more than 160 nations met in Kyoto, Japan, to negotiate binding limitations on greenhouse gases (for developed nations). The outcome of the meeting was the Kyoto Protocol, in which developed nations "agreed to limit their greenhouse gas emissions, relative to the levels emitted in 1990." Consequently, the US agreed to reduce emissions from 1990 levels by a modest 7 percent during the period 2008 to 2012. This report, from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), analyzes the impacts of the Kyoto Protocol on US energy markets and the economy during the 2008-2012 time frame, using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). This report (.pdf, .zip formats) "provides background discussion of the Kyoto Protocol and the framework and methodology of the analysis; ... summarizes the energy market results from the various carbon reduction cases;" provides the results of "EIA's analysis of the macroeconomic impacts of carbon reduction under different monetary and fiscal policy assumptions;" and compares study results of the costs of carbon reduction with results from previous studies. [LXP]
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Plankton Net
Zoology graduate student Warren Currie created this impressive site as the homepage for Plankton Ecology, Marine Biology, and Biological Oceanography at the University of Guelph (Ontario, Canada). The site offers research and general links in its Marine Listings section, covering such gems as The Rotifer Project and Discovery Online's new Jellyfish Page. Also at Plankton Net are images, descriptive keys, and databases, such as the Marine Specimens Databases and Cybereef. A large job/funding section lists current opportunities in marine biology, and "The Comprehensive Compendium of Plankton Researcher Homepages" is just that--an excellent resource for locating research labs studying Plankton ecology. [LXP]
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Women of NASA
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is working hard to encourage women to enter careers in mathematics, science, and engineering. This site is a wonderful resource for educators wishing to encourage their female students to challenge themselves, feel confident of their successes, and accept their failures. Highlights of the site are profiles of NASA women scientists, online chats with these scientists, and Women of the World, a quarterly activity that allows interaction between online guests and known international female scientists. To encourage diversity in science, there is also a Spanish section on site, providing educational resources and information on learning the Spanish language. Additional learning resources can be found in the Teaching Tips and Resources sections. [KH]
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The Chemiluminescence Homepage
Dr. Thomas Chasteen at Sam Houston State University created this compilation of sites and texts related to chemiluminescence, a process where "energy in the form of light is released from matter because of a chemical reaction." The site contains Quick Time animations, descriptions of related phenomena, links to related sites, and two bibliographies, one targeting advanced readers and the other targeting K-12 readers. [KH]
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500 Days to Change the World--WWF
With fewer than 500 days left until the Year 2000, World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has created this site so that Internet users around the world may take part in their efforts "to reverse the tide of ecological destruction." World Wildlife Fund's 500 Day Countdown Tour, "a four-day, four-city journey across America ... (designed) to engage the public in conservation for the 21st century" took place in August 1998. Since then, the site has maintained its interactive, activist function -- to make it easy for the general Internet public to send letters to political leaders. Four environmental topics are highlighted here: overfishing; the disappearance of tigers and rhinos; the loss of forests; and global warming. In each case, users may complete an electronic letter and send it to the appropriate world leader. Educators may find the design and content of this site useful, activists may wish to participate, and social scientists may wish to track the site's effectiveness at generating environmental awareness actions. [LXP]
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Current Awareness
(For links to additional current awareness on tables of contents, abstracts, preprints, new books, data, conferences, etc., visit the Science & Engineering Current Awareness Metapage:

Herbarium News
The Missouri Botanical Garden (MBG) has recently revamped their newsletter, Herbarium News, to include online access. Sections include: News from Herbaria (around the world) and News & Notes (some botanical research news); Meetings & Workshops (current and future); Educational and Funding Opportunities; and Recent Literature (with brief synopses of literature content), among others. A small search panel on the homepage offers direct links to a host of MBG projects, from the Flora of North America to Bryological literature and checklists. [LXP]
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Space Science News Headlines--NASA
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) keeps the public abreast of recent breakthroughs in space science via Space Science News Headlines, an almost daily email service. Recent stories cover SOHO, the Leonid meteor storm, and Europa's frigid oceans. Space Science News Headlines reaches beyond the scientific community; advances and discoveries in space studies are relayed in an understandable, jargon-free manner. Interested readers can browse through past news archives or subscribe to future news stories via the homepage. [KH]
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New Publications
Seven Statistical Reports on US Science from NSF
Guide to the Data Files Federal Support Survey: Fiscal Year 1996
Public Use Data Files Federal Support Survey: Fiscal Year 1996
Science and Engineering State Profiles: Fall 1997
Are Forms of Financial Support and Employment Choices of Recent Science and Engineering Ph.D.s Related?
Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering: Fall 1996 Supplemental Tables
Employment of Scientists and Engineers Reaches 3.2 Million in 1995
SRS (Science Resources Studies) Publications List: July 1995 through July 1998

The National Science Foundation (NSF) periodically releases statistical reports on the status and trends of US Science. All reports are available in HTML and/or .pdf formats, and may be downloaded at the URLs provided. [LXP]

New Ideas For Teaching Natural Resource Management

This publication, by former USDA employee John Fedkiw, offers ideas based on the author's work "The Long-Term Realities Of National Forest Management." Fedkiw offers "new definitions" for forest management and the role of forest managers. In addition, he emphasizes "the critical, continuous role of the learning experience that accompanies resource management and its relationship to both the adaptive and holistic ecological approaches to resource management." Third, he describes the advances of American forestry and emphasizes that "forest management has been on a pathway toward a holistic ecological approach from the (very) beginning." [LXP]

Taking Stock: North American Pollutant Releases and Transfers 1995 [.pdf]

This newly-online document from the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) describes "encouraging signs of a drop in pollution" from the major North American industries. The report, available in .pdf format, provides "a continental picture of pollutant release and transfer data (PRTD), based on information provided by the three governments from their domestic PRTD inventories." Users may download the following sections: Preface; Pollutant Releases and Transfers in North America; 1995 Canada and US Data Compared (Based on Matched Chemical/Industry Data Set); 1994 and 1995 Canada and US Data Compared (Based on Matched Chemical/Industry Data Set); Special Analyses; Border and Transborder Analyses; The Pulp and Paper Industry in Canada and the United States; Appendix A: A Comparison of Chemicals Listed under 1995 TRI, NPRI and RETC; and several press releases. [LXP]

Neotropical Migratory Birds of the Kisatchie National Forest, Louisiana: Abstracts for Selected Species and Management Considerations [.pdf]

Some may find this June 1995 report by Robert Barry and others (.pdf format) of interest; it reviews the scientific literature on thirteen species of Neotropical migratory songbirds breeding in the Kisatchie National Forest in Louisiana. Authors summarize "distribution, biology, habitats, and density" as well as population trends and management suggestions for selected species. [LXP]

Proceedings of the Ninth Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conference [.pdf]

Proceedings are now online for the February 25-27, 1997 Conference on Southern Silvicultural Research, held in Clemson, South Carolina. The publication is organized by topics and ranges from nutrient dynamics to hardwood regeneration. An index of authors facilitates identification of contributed papers. [LXP]

Galapagos Bookshop

A new offering by BioMedNet (described in theFebruary 14, 1997 Scout Report), the Galapagos bookshop houses "tens of thousands of biological and medical books, full book descriptions, special offers, ... and CD-ROMs." The Galapagos Bookshop site may be browsed or searched by supplier (Blackwell, Oxford University Press, Solus Books) or by broad subject topic. Book reviews and commentary are also featured in the "Book of the Week" and "Current HMS Beagle Features" sections. [LXP]
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Job Openings in Science and Technology from the Chronicle of Higher Education

Banta's Biology Job and Internship Board

This fine online listing of "entry-level full-time (FT) or part-time (PT) openings for college students with background in biology and/or the environmental sciences" is maintained by biology professor W. C. Banta, of American University. Included onsite are current employment opportunities listed by date or employing organization. An additional feature allows users to post jobs online, and several links point to related job sites.[LXP]
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Two from NSF
Advanced Computational Research Program
Undergraduate Mentoring in Environmental Biology

The National Science Foundation has announced several new funding opportunities. The Advanced Computational Research (ACR) Program, formerly the New Technologies Program, supports "the research needed to advance the state of the art in high-end computing, and bring advanced computing and simulation capabilities to bear on fundamental problems throughout science and engineering." The next ACR proposal deadline is March 15, 1999. Also from NSF, the Divisions of Environmental Biology (DEB) and Integrative Biology and Neuroscience (IBN) are soliciting proposals for Undergraduate Mentoring in Environmental Biology (UMEB), "to enhance the opportunities for undergraduate students, particularly those from underrepresented groups, to participate in research in environmental biology." The target date for submitting UMEB proposals is January 15, 1999. [LXP]

W. M. Keck Foundation Grants

The funding mission of the W. M. Keck Foundation is "to make grants designed to provide far-reaching benefits for humanity in the fields of science, engineering, and medical research." In a recent announcement, the Keck Foundation will consider proposals for "research which opens new directions and could lead to breakthrough discoveries and the development of new technologies." Proposal deadlines are November 15, 1998, and May 15, 1999. Interested parties should contact the Keck Foundation.[LXP]
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M/SET 99: International Conference on Mathematics/Science Education & Technology

The International Conference on Mathematics/Science Education & Technology will be held from March 1-4, 1999 in San Antonio, Texas. This annual conference serves as a forum "to discuss and exchange information on the current research, theory, issues, classroom applications, development, and trends related to using information technology in mathematics, science, and computer science education." Deadline for presentation submissions is October 15, 1998. [KH]

SITE 99: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference

Held (nearly concurrently with M/SET 99) from February 28 to March 4 in San Antonio, Texas, the 1999 Society for Technology and Teacher Education International Conference targets "individual teacher educators and affiliated organizations of teacher educators in all disciplines, who are interested in the creation and dissemination of knowledge about the use of information technology in teacher education and faculty/staff development." Submissions for presentations are due October 15, 1998. [LXP]

The Second North American Forest Ecology Workshop

The Second North American Forest Ecology Workshop will be held June 27-30, 1999, at the University of Maine at Orono. The purpose of the Workshop is to "bring researchers, academicians, and managers together to foster dialogue and discussion of current issues related to basic and applied research in forested ecosystems of North America." Specific topics will include: biodiversity indicators of sustainable forests; measures of status and trends for managing forest ecosystems; Models of forests under scenarios of global change, and a host of others. Abstracts are due 1 February 1999. [LXP]

IEEE Multimedia Computing and Systems (IEEE ICMCS'99)

The International Conference on Multimedia Computing and Systems (IEEE ICMCS'99) will be held in Florence, Italy, from 7-11 June, 1999. IEEE ICMCS is an annual conference aimed at "bringing together researchers, developers and practitioners from academia and industry, working in Multimedia. The conference is devoted to presenting and exploring scientific and technological advancements and innovations in the area of Multimedia, as well as to demonstrate new opportunities in Multimedia applications." The submission deadline for papers has been extended to November 5, 1998.[LXP]
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New Data
Rainfall Simulation Database
The British Geomorphological Research Group maintains this rainfall simulation database site. The database includes information about rainfall simulators, as well as their set-up and use. Currently, the database is divided into laboratory, field, and dual-purpose (lab and field) rainfall simulators. For each simulator in the database, users will find information on: "Simulator identification; Contact information; Specification of simulator; performance of simulator; Table of intensities and rainfall characteristics; Costs; Summary of research conducted using the simulator; Publications; and Additional comments." A section on simulation calibration is planned, and a form is provided for those wishing to contribute simulators to the database. A lengthy selection of related references adds to the utility of the database. [LXP]
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Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline and Alkali Soils [.pdf]
The United States Salinity Laboratory has made available this Web version (.pdf format) of Agriculture handbook number 60, covering a broad range of topics relating to soils and salinity, including: "Improvement and Management of soils in arid and semiarid regions; Plant Response and Crop Selection; Quality of Irrigation Water; Methods for Soil Characterization; Methods of Plant Culture and Analysis; and Methods of Analysis of Irrigation Waters." Chapters may be downloaded separately, and include a literature cited section and a glossary. [LXP]
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Meiotic Double-Stranded Breaks on Chromosome III
The color graphics data for meiotic double-stranded breaks were provided in tabular and graphical form by Drs. Frederic Baudat and Alain Nicolas of the Institut Curie, Section de Recherche. The data are part of their published study, reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Scientists, Volume 94, pages 5213-5218. A link to the original article (available in HTML or .pdf formats) is provided on site. [LXP]
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Weather Data Summary for 1964-1993
This web version of an earlier publication provides daily weather observations for Stoneville, Mississippi between the years 1964 and 1993. The observations were recorded by the National Weather Service, Mid-South Agricultural Weather Service Center. Observational data was recorded at three different locations during this period; details are provided in the document. Climatic measurements include air temperature (°F), soil temperature (°F), precipitation, evaporation, wind speed and direction, and solar radiation. Users may find the 30-year summaries of temperature fluctuations particularly interesting. [LXP]
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In the News
Hubble's Deepest-Ever View of the Universe
1) Hubble Goes To The Limit In Search Of Farthest Galaxies: Press Release
2) Hubble Goes To The Limit In Search Of Farthest Galaxies: Video Clip [RealPlayer]
3) Hubble telescope finds most distant galaxies ever detected--CNN
4) Tour the Cosmos with Marc Steiner
5) NASA's Origins Program
6) Hubble Deep Field Academy
7) The Best of the Hubble Telescope
8) US Infrared Space Observatory: Scientific Publications
9) Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

This week's In the News highlights the recent finding of distant galaxies by the Hubble Space Telescope. Scientists recently activated the Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) aboard the Hubble Telescope to peer into formerly unseen areas of the universe. What they saw were the "faintest galaxies ever seen." The distance to these galaxies cannot be confirmed until the year 2007, when scientists expect that the Next Generation Space Telescope will be in operation. The nine sites listed above provide background information and new resources related to this discovery.

The Space Science Telescope Institute (STScI), part of NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), provides media coverage of the new discovery. The NASA press release about the discovery is provided in full text (1), and interested viewers may also watch the video clip (2--requires RealPlayer). CNN News also provides coverage (3), including a CNN Newscast clip (RealVideo). At the Tour the Cosmos site (4), NPR radio host Marc Steiner will team up with STScI to take listeners on an Internet "tour of the cosmos." The program will be broadcast live online at 12 noon, Wednesday, October 14. (5) NASA's Origins Program outlines the search for the origins of our universe, as well as the search for extra-solar planets capable of supporting life. (6) Hubble Deep Field Academy is a colorful educational resource that explains the Hubble Deep Field Project, NASA's project to explore the outer reaches of the universe using the Hubble Telescope. At the Hubble Deepfield Academy site, interactive lessons teach the user to identify and quantify the distance to space objects. (7) This page, from the Students for the Exploration and Development of Space (SEDS), contains over 100 images obtained from the Hubble Telescope. (8) Though not yet updated this month, this site will interest those techno-curious users wishing to track current scientific literature on Infrared Space Observations. (9) The Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) homepage offers a wealth of background information on: the Hubble Space Telescope, the Next Generation Space Telescope (NGST), educational activities fur students, descriptions of space observing instruments, news of recent discoveries, a data archive, and other related web resources. [KH]
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