The Scout Report for Science & Engineering - September 1, 1999

September 1, 1999

A Publication of the Internet Scout Project
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The target audience of the new Scout Report for Science & Engineering is faculty, students, staff, and librarians in the life sciences, physical sciences, and engineering. Each biweekly issue offers a selective collection of Internet resources covering topics in the sciences, and related fields such as math and engineering, that have been chosen by librarians and content specialists in the given field of study.

The Scout Report for Science & Engineering is also provided via email once every two weeks. Subscription information is included at the bottom of each issue.

In This Issue


Learning Resources

General Interest

Current Awareness

New Data

In The News


CDF - the Collider Detector at Fermilab [.ps]
The Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) (reviewed April 28, 1995 Scout Report for Science & Engineering) studies high energy particle collisions at one of the world's most impressive particle accelerators. The main goal of the CDF "is to discover the identity and properties of the particles that make up the universe and to understand the forces and interactions between those particles." At the Website, a News section offers links to the 1998 WWW updates of the reviews, tables, plots and major notes from the Particle Listings. CDF Physics Results allows users to access publications, preprints, and conference proceedings from CDF working groups. A CDF for the Public section includes a High Energy Physics Tour for laymen, and links to all CDF collaborators. A multifaceted searchable site for physicists. [KR]
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Ocean Climate Laboratory [.pts]
A division of the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC) described in the March 31, 1999 Scout Report for Science & Engineering, the Ocean Climate Laboratory performs scientific analyses of oceanographic data, develops ocean climatologies, investigates "interannual to decadal-scale ocean climate variability using historical ocean data," builds global ocean databases, and facilitates the international exchange of oceanographic data. The Homepage provides access to summarized data via the What's New section; recent releases include the CD-ROM World Ocean Database for 1998 (WOD98, described on site), and data files on "High resolution (1/4 degree) temperature and salinity analyses of the world's oceans" (.pts format) or "seasonal analyses of phosphate" (.pts format), among others. Additionally, users may browse the Products section for detailed descriptions of data quality control methods (including statistical analyses). An impressive list of publications provides an overview of the Lab's research activities in the Publications section, and researcher lists are provided in the People section. [LXP]
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Southern California Earthquake Center [.pdf]
The Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), a National Science Foundation (NSF) Science and Technology Center, aims to reduce earthquake hazard by defining the locations of future earthquakes, calculating expected ground motions, and conveying this information to the general public. The SCEC's homepage contains access to research and data, including links to databases for strong motion and seismograms, and a searchable and sortable bibliographic database of publications. A link to the Earthquake Information Network provides a searchable list of up-to-date internet earthquakes resources. Also available are GPS data and a network of GPS stations. Note, in order to access the SCEC Publications Database, a username and password are required. Use your own name for the username, and enter webview as the password. SCEC is a first rate resource for earthquake engineers. [KR]
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Nitrogen Crop Response Model--HRI
This on-line dynamic model from Horticulture Research International (HRI) "simulates the growth response of 25 crops to applications of nitrogen fertilizer." The model incorporates the effects of climate, organic material and leaching. Users select a region of the world, enter input into the model (e.g., crop type, date of sowing, weather conditions, nitrogen applications, etc.), and run the model for numeric and graphical output. Substantial effort has been made to describe the model's behavior and to present useful output; interested users may select the "advanced" or "detailed" options for further information on each model. [LXP]
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National Atmospheric Deposition Program [.pdf, ASCII]
Hosted by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, The National Atmospheric Deposition Program/National Trends Network (NADP/NTN) is an excellent resource for precipitation data. Network collaborators include the State Agricultural Experiment Stations, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of Agriculture, along with many other government agencies, universities and private organizations. "The purpose of the network is to collect data on the chemistry of precipitation for monitoring of geographical and temporal long-term trends." At this site, users may search out weekly and daily precipitation chemistry data, isopleth maps, mercury deposition data, annual and seasonal deposition totals, and much more. Users should note, there is a five to six month time lag between data collection dates and data availability on the Website. [KR]
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Learning Resources

Superconductor Information for the Beginner, a non-profit, non-affiliated Website, provides this clear introduction to the world of superconductors. Starting appropriately with Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, the first man to observe superconductivity in 1911, a history of superconductors section familiarizes students and laymen with the development of materials that have no resistance to the flow of electricity. Subsequent sections include uses for superconductors, various types of superconductors, links to current superconductor news, and patents. Along with a section containing links to other superconductor sites, relevant internal links occur within the text. [KR]
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Provided by the Department of Geology and Geophysics at the University of Hawaii, this educational Website covers topics in and beyond the fields of geology and geophysics. At the site, users may send (electronic) questions to 'real live scientists' regarding: Volcanoes and Igneous Rocks; Geochemistry, the Environment, and Pollution; Geophysics and General Geology; Earthquakes and Seismology; Hydrology and Water Quality; Natural Hazards; Minerals, Gems, Ores and Crystals; and Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks. Answers are thoughtful and content-rich, although many are specific to the Hawaiian Islands (as expected). To submit a question, users must select from a related topic area and then complete the online submission form. First-time users should begin by browsing previous questions and FAQs, however. This is a wonderful resource for students wishing to interact with established scientists, or for educators seeking clear and interesting explanations of natural phenomena. [LXP]
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Internet Resources for the Mathematics Student [Java, Mathematica, Maple]
Compiled by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics at Langara College, Vancouver, Canada, this metasite of internet resources contains hundreds of links to mathematics tools, on-line versions of complete courses, illustrations of individual concepts, and a great deal more. Resources are listed by topic (i.e. Precalculus, Calculus, Finite and Discrete Math, Linear Algebra, and Statistics), and also by category (i.e. Tools, Tutors, On-line Courses, General Catalogues, and Organizations and Institutions). The Tools section, for example, contains Java based graphers, computer algebra systems with Maple and Mathematica interfaces, and online utilities for statistics.The creators of this site are highly aware of the quality discrepancies rampant on the internet and while they do not take responsibility for all their links, they do outline important criteria for separating "the wheat from the chaff." Overall, an outstanding meta-source for mathematics students. [KR]
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REDUCE: Reduction of Adverse Environmental Impact of Demersal Trawls
Based in Ireland, the REDUCE project aims "to reduce the impact of demersal trawls on benthic marine organisms through changes in net design and alternative methods of stimulation." At the REDUCE project homepage, users will find interesting descriptions of various commercial fishing practices (beam and otter trawling) in addition to the scientific experiments (and results) used to evaluate the effectiveness of alternative fishing techniques. Although the practical feasibility of the alternative techniques is currently being evaluated, those interested in the intersection between commercial fishing and marine science will find this site instructive. [LXP]
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General Interest

Transistorized! The History of the Invention of the Transistor
Hosted by the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) in collaboration with the American Institute of Physics and ScienCentral, Inc., this handsome Website serves as a companion to an upcoming PBS documentary, Transistorized!, to be aired November 8, 1999. The searchable site offers in-depth background to the history and science of transistors. An Interactives section includes a rubic's cube type of puzzle using elements from the Periodic Table, and a game which allows players to form their own semiconductor crystals. A hyper-linked glossary, a resources section with links to Websites, and a print bibliography round out this well-produced site. [KR]
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Gypsy Moth in North America [Frames]
Provided by the USDA's Forest Service Northeastern Research Station (Forestry Sciences Laboratory), this Gypsy Moth site provides background information on Gypsy Moths, from their introduction to North America in the 1800s through current management efforts to control them. Ecological information on the moths' life cycle, forest relationships, and natural enemies is provided, in addition to several useful and informative maps on distribution. A selection of Gypsy Moth links are also included. [LXP]
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Global Positioning System Primer [html, .pdf]
The Global Positioning System (GPS) Primer, created by the Aerospace Corporation, gives basic information on how a GPS works and the many ways in which it is used. Supplying straight-forward text with a few graphics and illustrations, sections range from "What is Navigation?" to "Military Uses for GPS." Includes a search option and an organized selection of links to other GPS related sites. The GPS Primer is also downloadable (.pdf, 1618 KB). [KR]
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Current Awareness
(For links to additional current awareness on tables of contents, abstracts, preprints, new books, data, conferences, etc., visit the The Scout Report for Science & Engineering Current Awareness Metapage:

Special Event Page: August 17, 1999--Turkey Quake
On August 17, 1999, an Earthquake of 7.4 on the Richter scale devastated Northwest Turkey. With the United Nations estimating final death tolls to top 40,000, this quake is proving to be one of the worst natural disasters in recent history. Immediately following news of the quake, the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS), a consortium of United States Universities, posted a special event page to provide links to sites, graphics, general and technical information, and news on the recent seismic event in Turkey. Contributions made by IRIS consortium members include US Geological Survey reports, data from data stations in Poland, and links to the British Broadcasting Corporation and the Turkish Press Review. [KR]
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Two on El Nino/La Nina
El Nino/La Nina Watch
El Nino/La Nina: Nature's Vicious Cycle
NASA's Jet Propulsion Labs provides the El Nino/La Nina Watch page, with recent color images (and accompanying descriptions) of the now-retreating La Nina. National Geographic provides the second page, a special feature on El Nino/La Nina. Additional links point users to further information. [LXP]
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New Publications

Interactive Multimedia Electronic Journal of Computer-Enhanced Learning [Macromedia Authorware Web Player, VRML, .mpg, Java, Shockwave, AVI movie player, pla.wav]
The peer-reviewed articles in Wake Forest University's Interactive Multimedia Electronic Journal of Computer-Enhanced Learning (IMEJ) concern themselves with "effective uses of technology in any and all disciplines within higher education." The articles also aim to take advantages of the web medium by allowing communication with the author(s) and by combining multimedia components with traditional text. Article titles include "Web-Based Practice Environments to Teach Mechanical Skills" and "Application of Interactive Web Tools in Teaching Redox Chemistry." This free first issue demonstrates the future of teaching as well as journals themselves. [KR]

American Heritage Rivers Updates--EPA
To celebrate the first anniversary of the dedication of 14 American Heritage rivers, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has posted this site to provide updates on actions over the past year. Although the main page is dedicated mainly to the public events surrounding each river, a series of hyperlinks allow users to access further information on each river. Updates are currently available for the Blackstone-Woonasquatucket, Connecticut, Cuyahoga, Detroit, Hanalei, Hudson, Lower Mississippi, New, Potomac, Rio Grande, Mississippi, and Upper Susquehanna-Lackawanna rivers. [LXP]

Atomic Spectroscopy: A Compendium of Basic Ideas, Notation, Data, and Formulas
Hosted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), this article by W. Martin and W. Wiese introduces the basics of atomic structure and spectra. With regard to structure, there is an emphasis on terminology and notation. Topics of discussion include wavelengths, intensities, shapes of spectral lines, and LS coupling. Originally appearing in the Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Handbook, edited by G.W.F. Drake, this online version of Atomic Spectroscopy contains internal links as well as external links to spectroscopic data. [KR]

Two from the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis) [.zip]
Wood Duck (Aix sponsa) [.zip]
The Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center (NPWRC) has posted two new resources on birds. Each resource describes the habitat requirements of the species in question (Eastern Bluebird and Wood Duck, respectively), and is designed to assist in the development of a "comprehensive management plan." The resources are accompanied by figures and may be browsed online or downloaded as zip files. [LXP]
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Job Openings in Science and Technology from the Chronicle of Higher Education
Although the Chronicle of Higher Education charges a fee to access the current week's job listings, extensive postings for the previous week are freely available. [LXP]

Industrial Jobs for Chemistry Majors
As part of SUNY professor Harry E. Pence's Website, The Alchemist's Lair, Industrial Jobs for Chemistry Majors provides a healthy mix of search advice and links to help recent graduates find general employment sources, entry level science jobs, and temporary science jobs. While some links lead to valuable advice, other links offer direct access to places like America's Job Bank and the Nonprofit Career Center. An excellent resource for chemistry graduates in search of work. [KR]

Environmental Careers Organization [Frames]
The Environmental Careers Organization Website posts hundreds of paid environmental internships (650 listed for 1999). Internships are listed by geographic region and cover a variety of topics. Terms and conditions are listed for each position, along with a complete description of the internship's related tasks and stipend. [LXP]

PhDs.Org Job Listings
PhDs.Org's Science, Math, and Engineering Career Resources Job Listing section posts academic as well as industrial positions. Starting with the most recent postings, a special feature lets users streamline the list to include only specific fields. Check the Phds.Org searchable home page ( for articles, news, advice, and additional job information links. [KR]
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Research Equipment Funding: Chemical Transport Systems Division--NSF
The National Science Foundation working through the Major Research Instrumentation Program gives support for significant research equipment expenditures. Within the Chemical & Transport Systems Division (CTS) of the Engineering Directorate, funding can be obtained for research equipment costing less than $200,000. Joint funding through other programs or directorates is also possible by 1) including equipment cost in a regular proposal for a research grant; 2) submitting a separate equipment proposal to CTS; or 3) submitting a request for a supplement to an existing grant. Proposals are due by January 15, 2000. [KR]

FY 2000: NSF-NATO PostDoctoral Fellowships in Science and Engineering Including Special Fellowship Opportunities for Scientists from NATO Partner Countries
The National Science Foundation (NSF) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) have announced the availability of twenty 12-month postdoctoral research fellowships for US scientists abroad, or for US institutions interested in hosting scientists from NATO partner countries. Eligible fields of research are: "mathematics, engineering, computer and
information science, geosciences, the physical, biological, social, behavioral, and economic sciences, the history and philosophy of science, and interdisciplinary areas comprised of two or more of these fields. Research in the teaching and learning of science, mathematics, technology, and engineering is also eligible for support." The application deadline is November 15, 1999; awards will be announced in March 2000. [LXP]

American Association of University Women Selected Professions Engineering Dissertation Fellowship
The American Association of University Women (AAUW) offers the Selected Professions Fellowships in an attempt to support women's participation in "degree programs where women's participation traditionally has been low." The Selected Professions Engineering Dissertation Fellowship is for female engineering doctoral candidates entering their final stages of dissertation writing. Applications are downloadable from the site. The deadline is Nov. 1, 1999. For this specific award, please enter the above URL and scroll down to the last entry. [KR]
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Mathematical Challenges of the 21st Century
The American Mathematical Society presents the meeting, Mathematical Challenges of the 21st Century, to be held at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) on Aug. 7-12, 2000. The meeting hopes to demonstrate "the power of mathematical ideas across the landscape of the sciences and practical affairs, while still maintaining a close link to ongoing developments." The deadline for abstract submissions is May 10, 2000. [KR]

Riparian Ecology and Management in Multi-Land Use Watersheds
AWRA, the American Water Resources Association has announced a conference on Riparian Ecology and Management in Multi-Land Use Watersheds, to be held August 27-31, 2000 in Portland, Oregon. Three major themes form the backbone of the conference agenda: Processes, Functions and Structure of Riparian Areas; Multiple Human Influences on Riparian Areas; and Future Management of Riparian Areas: Use and Restoration. The abstract submission deadline is not yet finalized, but it is anticipated to be November 1, 1999. [LXP]

IEA/AIE-2000: 13th Annual International Conference on Industrial & Engineering Application of Artificial Intelligence & Expert Systems
The 13th Annual International Conference on Industrial & Engineering Application of Artificial Intelligence & Expert Systems will be held in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA on June 19-22, 2000. The focus of the conference is to promote "applications of artificial intelligence and expert/knowledge-based system to engineering and industrial problems." Authors are encouraged to submit a single-spaced ten page paper of original research or innovative practical applications. Short papers (up to six pages) describing work in progress may also be submitted. All papers should include a keyword list. Submissions are due by Nov., 17, 1999. [KR]

ECAC 2000: 3rd European Conference on Applied Climatology
ECAC 2000, the 3rd European Conference on Applied Climatology, will be held in Pisa, Italy from 16-20 October, 2000. The conference will focus on "applied climatology," loosely defined as the tool used to study interactions between climate factors and effects, with special attention to risk components and mitigation. Papers are solicited in the following areas: Remote Sensing and GIS applications to Climate Data sets; Climate and Air Pollution; Climate and Renewable Energy Sources; Climate, Agriculture and Forestry; Climate and Health, including indoor climate; Climate and Tourism, cultural heritage and urban climate; Impacts of Climate Change and Climate Variability; Regional Climate prediction; and Assessment of Climate Risk events. The deadline for submission of a "short abstract" is October 30. 1999. [LXP]
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New Data

The Alaska Resource Data Files [.pdf]
As part of the US Geological Survey's Western Region Mineral Resources Survey Program - Alaska Section, these data files hold descriptions of mines, prospects, and mineral occurrences. The Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF) divides the state into 1:250,000 scale quadrangles which may be clicked on to download individual reports (.pdf). Records account for "metallic mineral commodities only," but may include certain "high value industrial minerals such as barite and rare earth elements." An explanation of the fields used in the reports is also available. This database is being steadily compiled, thus data is not available for all areas in the state. By clicking on quadrangles that are not currently supporting information, the USGS is notified of interest. [KR]
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R-ArcticNET: A Regional, Electronic, Hydrographic Data Network For the Arctic Region
Provided by the Global Hydrology Research Group at the University of New Hampshire, this impressive, electronic, regional hydrometeorological data bank is designed "to support pan-Arctic hydrological sciences and water resource assessment in the Arctic regions." To access the database, select a 15-degree block area (and then specific stations within each block) from a color map of the Arctic region. Site descriptor information and time series data (river discharge in m3/s) are then provided for each station within the Arctic region. Future sites are indicated on a separate map. Given the paucity of publicly available data for the Arctic region, this database will be especially welcomed by researchers. [LXP]
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Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition: Eco Maps
The Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition (SVTC) works "to document and expose the hazards of the high-tech industry and to promote environmental and economic sustainability and accountability in the electronics industry, the fastest growing manufacturing sector in the world." To those ends, the SVTC Website offers three interactive Eco Maps showing Toxic Chemical Point Sources, Cumulative Exposure (including demographics and cancer risk), and Contaminated Groundwater Sites in the San Jose, California area. Pollution sources are identified by name and year, with an internal reference code. Helpful instructions accompany all maps. [LXP]
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In The News

1999 Hurricane Season: Are Predictions Proving True?
1) Hurricane Veers Off but Batters N.C.
2) New Satellite Tools Putting Hurricanes in Sharper Focus
3) Early August Forecast of Atlantic Seasonal Hurricane Activity and US Landfall Strike Probabilities for 1999
4) National Hurricane Center
5) Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Tropical
Cyclone Page
6) Risk Prediction Initiative [.pdf]
7) Tropical Convection Research Group
8) Hurricane Hunters
9) FAQ: Hurricanes, Typhoons, and Tropical Cyclones
10) Selected Hurricane Bibliography
Hurricane researchers around the country are expecting 1999 to be an unusually active hurricane season. Though still early in the mid-August through October season, the North Atlantic has already seen two tropical storms (Arlene and Emily) and three hurricanes (Bret, Cindy, and Dennis). While Hurricane Bret struck land in a rural portion of South Texas, and Dennis flirted with the coasts of North and South Carolina, there is reason to think the worst is yet to come. Many of the atmospheric and oceanic factors that are considered conducive signs for hurricane activity have been in place since earlier this year and most likely will persist through the season. Dr. William Gray, professor of Atmospheric Science at Colorado State University, has predicted a busy year with 14 named storms and 9 hurricanes (defined by wind speeds equal to or greater than 74 miles per hour), four of which he predicts will sustain winds of 111 mph or more. This week's In The News focuses on the 1999 storms that have been consistently threatening US coasts since the middle of August and the educated predictions that this year might be especially severe. Below are ten sites containing hurricane data, research, news, and up-to-date images.

For starters, The Washington Post printed this article (1) on October 30, 1999, as headlines across the nation were dominated by a close watch on Hurricane Dennis' uncertain path. The following resource, a University of Wisconsin press release (2), discusses satellite tools that are helping researchers more accurately predict a cyclone's behavior. Next, Dr. William Gray of Colorado State University forecasts the 1999 Atlantic seasonal hurricane and landfall strike probabilities in this detailed and much discussed report (3). A seminal source for hurricane data, current images, news, and information, the National Hurricane Center's homepage (4) is provided here. The University of Wisconsin's Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Web site (5) (described in the May 13, 1998 Scout Report for Science & Engineering ) provides access to cutting edge hurricane data and images. Under the umbrella of the Bermuda Biological Station for Research, the Risk Prediction Initiative (6) is a climatological research and education program with publications (.pdf), forecasts and tutorials. Another site with current climate research, the University of Utah's Tropical Convection Research Group homepage (7) contains links to group members which include the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission and the Texas Florida Underflights (TEFLUN) Field Experiment, among others. The Air Force Reserve's 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron flies research planes into hurricanes. Images of these unusual exploits can be found at the Hurricane Hunter's Homepage (8). Finally, easy access to two informative pages from the Atlantic Oceanographic & Meteorological Laboratory complete the list; these include a substantive FAQ on hurricanes, typhoons, and tropical cyclones (9) and a selected hurricane bibliography (10). [KR]
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The Scout Report for Science & Engineering
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The Scout Report for Science & Engineering is published every other Wednesday by the Internet Scout Project, located in the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Department of Computer Sciences.

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