The Scout Report for Social Sciences - December 1, 1998

The Scout Report for Social Sciences

December 1, 1998

A Publication of the Internet Scout Project
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The target audience of the new Scout Report for Social Sciences is faculty, students, staff, and librarians in the social sciences. Each biweekly issue offers a selective collection of Internet resources covering topics in the field that have been chosen by librarians and content specialists in the given area of study.

The Scout Report for Social Sciences is also provided via email once every two weeks. Subscription information is included at the bottom of each issue.

In This Issue


Learning Resources

Current Awareness

New Data

In The News


ALPS: Active Learning Practices for Schools
ALPS, Active Learning Practices for Schools, is a new Website promoting the improvement and advancement of pedagogical practice. ALPS functions as an electronic resource center for teachers and school administrators worldwide, allowing them to collaborate with educational researchers and curriculum designers working at Harvard University's Graduate School of Education. Cleverly organized into sections that Look, Reflect, Explore, Build, Connect, and Learn, ALPS provides a wealth of educational resources including, but not limited to, model lesson plans and activities; curriculum design tools; online educational publications; and interactive forums, workshops, and conferences. Most importantly, ALPS facilitates group collaboration among educators through an interactive online community. [AO]
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International Development Research Centre [JavaScript]
The International Development Research Centre (IDRC), a public corporation created by the Parliament of Canada, fosters social, environmental, and economic development worldwide by conducting research that produces the knowledge to solve problems. The IDRC Website is as deep as it is wide, providing access to lodes of information on development programs from its offices located in Ottawa, Singapore, Montevideo, Dakar, New Delhi, Cairo, and Johannesburg. The IDRC provides full-text publications (including several online books), research databases, project information, funding opportunities, and links to other valuable resources. The IDRC also contains a unique feature: The Resource Clock. The Clock tracks, in real-time, the increase of global population in opposition to the decrease in the amount of the world's arable land, offering a vivid reminder of humanity's impact upon the earth's ecosystems. [AO]
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The Roper Center for Public Opinion Research [Frames]
The Roper Center for Public Opinion Research at the University of Connecticut is "the largest library of public opinion data in the world." Visitors to their Website may search the extensive Roper Center Archive Catalog, the Latin American Survey Data Bank, or the Japanese Survey Data Bank. The catalog and the data banks provide summary information on surveys and studies measuring public opinion on a wide range of social, political, and economic issues. The site also includes organizational information, overviews of recent additions to the Center's data collections, and selected full-text articles from current and back issues of The Public Perspective, a bimonthly review of public opinion and polling information. US political history scholars, both amateur and professional, may want to check out the site's New Data Releases section; it contains data tables tracking presidential job performance ratings, from Franklin Roosevelt to William Clinton, based on data from Gallup public opinion polls. [AO]
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AACTE Education Policy Clearinghouse [Frames]
No frames
Provided by the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (AACTE) with funding from the Ford Foundation, the AACTE Education Policy Clearinghouse serves as an education research guide, helping researchers locate information about educational policy issues in the US at the federal, regional, and state level. In addition, the site posts educational news items and links to relevant online publications, policy agencies, and statistical resources. At the site, users may also register for the Legislative Tracking Service, a device which monitors the latest developments in federal and state education legislation. [AO]
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Eanth-L is a new mailing list created and sponsored by the Anthropology and Environment Section of the American Anthropological Association. The list will serve as a scholarly forum for the discussion of ecological and environmental issues pertaining to the study and practice of anthropology. Besides promoting discussion of anthropological research and theory, Eanth-L aims to publicize upcoming conferences and calls for papers.[AO]
To subscribe to Eanth-L, send a message to:
In the body of the message, type:
   subscribe Eanth-L firstname lastname
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CILT: Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research
CILT, the Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research, is an independent nonprofit agency based in the UK that supports the collection and dissemination of information related to the instruction of modern languages. This extensive site details CILT services, projects, initiatives, and research; provides several lists of authoritative educational publications; and posts a calendar of courses, conferences, and training. [AO]
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Learning Resources

American Visionaries: Frederick Douglass -- National Park Service
American Visionaries
Frederick Douglass National Historic Site
A champion of human rights, as well as a brilliant orator and author, Frederick Douglass was one of the most influential leaders of social reform during the nineteenth century. This online exhibit, provided by the National Park Service's Museum Management Program as part of its American Visionaries series, chronicles the history of Douglass, his ideas, and his influence. The site features a time line and several articles, but the strength of this exhibit is its numerous images, provided by the Frederick Douglass National Historic Site. [AO]
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Human Evolution: The Fossil Evidence in 3D [Shockwave]
This interactive site allows users to examine and manipulate three-dimensional displays of ten crania related to human evolution (five modern primate crania and five fossil crania). Each cranium is presented as a Shockwave file, permitting viewers to rotate the crania 360 degrees on a vertical axis. Summary descriptions of the crania are also included, outlining their histories and explaining the cranial differences among the various species. Human Evolution: The Fossil Evidence in 3D was created by Ed Hagen and Phillip Walker, anthropologists at the University of California, Santa Barbara. [AO]
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The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
At the end of the US Civil War, Vice President Andrew Johnson took office as the seventeenth President of the US after Abraham Lincoln's assassination. During Johnson's four-year term as a Democratic President (1865-69), his lenient Reconstruction policies toward the former Confederacy upset the Radical Republicans who controlled Congress. In response to Johnson's highhandedness, the House of Representatives voted articles of impeachment against the President, and he was tried, and subsequently exonerated, before the Senate in 1868. This site explains the key political issues behind Johnson's impeachment, details the legal and political arguments for impeachment, provides biographies and portraits for 28 key figures related to the trial, and chronicles Johnson's term as President. An instructional game that simulates the impeachment process is also included. The majority of content at this site is provided by over 200 excerpts -- including images -- from Harper's Weekly, the most prominent publication of the era. [AO]
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Central Eurasia Resource Project [Java]
Text-only version:
The Central Eurasia Resource Project, an initiative of the Open Society Institute (OSI), distributes comprehensive information on eight Eurasian nations: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. A Resource Page for each nation provides users with brief histories, the latest news, and opinion and analysis about the country's current affairs. In addition, geographic, demographic, political, environmental, cultural, social, and travel information are included for each nation in the region. The site also includes a special section on Central Eurasian elections, a list of upcoming conferences, and a suggested bibliography. The site even allows users to order free OSI publications online. [AO]
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Happy Fun Communication Land
Happy Fun Communication Land (HFCL) is a felicitous learning realm created by Richard W. Dillman, Professor of Communication at Western Maryland College. Designed for undergraduates, HFCL is the home of several self-study opportunities for students of communication theory. Seven online tutorials -- on such topics as Self and Society, Signs and Language, and Mass Communication -- provide succinct overviews of the methods, theories, and history of human communications. A large collection of study questions, most linked directly to the tutorials, allows students to test their knowledge. HFCL also includes a useful glossary of terms and an extensive list of bibliographic citations. [AO]
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Digital Archive of American Architecture
Professor Jeffery Howe, of Boston College, has provided the Digital Archive of American Architecture Website. This site gives a great overview of American architectural history including images ranging from the seventeenth to the twentieth century. It begins with the earliest colonial structures, houses, churches, and industrial buildings of the seventeenth century, and progresses into the eighteenth century with descriptions and examples of Georgian and Federal styles. The nineteenth century adds skyscrapers and mills and expands the description of representative styles, while the twentieth century adds universities. Another feature of the site is the extensive coverage of Frank Lloyd Wright's architecture. Lists of architects and styles, brief definitions of terms, and related links round out the site. [SN]
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The European Union in the US [Frames]
Developed by the European Commission's American Offices of Press and Public Affairs, this site provides easy access to information about the European Union, its fifteen member states, and the EU's relationship with the US. The site posts the latest EU news, profiles the EU and its member states, provides information on important EU policies and issues, indexes documents on the EU-US partnership, links users to EU-related information resources, and provides full-text publications, including EURECOM, the monthly newsletter of the EU, as well as selected articles from Europe, the magazine of the EU. [AO]
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University of Chicago Excavations at Isthmia
In ancient Greece on the isthmus of Corinth, a pan-Hellenic festival of athletic and musical competitions, called the "Isthmia," was held every two years to honor Poseidon, the Greek sea god. The games, celebrations, and feasting took place near the Sanctuary of Poseidon at Isthmia. This site explains the history of the archaeological excavations at Isthmia conducted by the University of Chicago from 1989 to the present and posts papers and reports related to the digs. However, the most fascinating feature of the site is the section that contains computer-generated reconstructions of the Sanctuary of Poseidon. High-resolution, three-dimensional perspective views and detailed contour site plans are displayed for nine different time periods from the eighth century BC to 180 AD. [AO]
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Current Awareness
(For links to additional current awareness on tables of contents, abstracts, preprints, new books, data, conferences, etc., visit the Social Sciences Current Awareness Metapage:

Crime in the United States, 1997 -- FBI [.pdf]
On November 22, the Federal Bureau of Investigation released Crime in the United States, 1997 (preliminary data discussed in the May 29, 1998 Scout Report). This annual report presents the most recent US crime data based on statistics from the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program. Over 17,000 city, county, and state law enforcement agencies nationwide submit data to the UCR each year. The 1997 report, a comprehensive document, contains over 80 data tables in seven discrete sections: Summary of the UCR Program, Crime Index Offenses Reported, Crime Index Offenses Cleared, Persons Arrested, Juvenile Female Crime: A Special Study, Law Enforcement Personnel, and an extensive appendix. The report is bundled with the annual reports for 1995 and 1996 and is available in .pdf format only. [AO]
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Two New Human Rights Watch Reports
"Limits of Tolerance"
"Chemical Warfare in Bosnia?"
Human Rights Watch has recently posted two new reports. The first, "Limits of Tolerance: Freedom of Expression and the Public Debate in Chile," examines the extreme restrictions on freedom of speech and freedom of information in the ostensibly democratic nation of Chile. The second, "Chemical Warfare in Bosnia? The Strange Experiences of the Srebrenica Survivors," investigates whether or not Serb forces used chemical agents in an attack against people fleeing Srebrenica in Bosnia and Hercegovina. [AO]
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New Working Papers

Jean Monnet Working Papers in Comparative and International Politics
"The Approach of the European Parliament to the Issue of Ethnic Minorities and Minority Rights in Turkey within the Context of the European Minority Rights Sub-Regime" by Cigdem Nas
"Strategies for Democratising the European Union and the Issue of the Election of the President of the Commission" by Fulvio Attina
The Jean Monnet Working Papers series in Comparative and International Politics has recently issued numbers 98.18 and 98.19. [AO]

European Integration online Papers -- EIoP
"Where Does Supranationalism Come From? Ideas Floating Through the Working Groups of the Council of the European Union" by Jan Beyers
EIoP has posted a new working paper in its series on European integration, Volume 2 (1998), number 9. The paper is also available in .pdf or Postscript format. [AO]

Joint Center for Poverty Research Working Papers
"Wage Erosion, Economic Assessments, and Social Welfare Opinions" by Jason Barabas
"Juvenile Crime: Evidence from a Randomized Housing-mobility Experiment" by Jens Ludwig, Greg J. Duncan, and Paul Hirschfield
"African-American Adolescent Girls in Impoverished Communities: Quality of Parenting and Adolescent Outcomes" by Laura D. Pittman and P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale
The Joint Center for Poverty Research published these three working papers in November 1998. All three papers are available in .pdf format and either Word or WordPerfect format. Associated statistical files are also available for downloading. [AO]
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New Offerings from Academic Publishers

Association of American University Presses: New Releases
Baker&Taylor Academia -- Upcoming Books to Buy (December 1998)
Cambridge University Press
Perseus Books: By Category
Thela Thesis -- Just Published
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Challenging Rhetorics: Cross-Disciplinary Sites of Feminist Discourse
October 7-9, 1999. Minneapolis, Minnesota. The Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of Writing at the University of Minnesota will host the Second Biennial Feminism(s) and Rhetoric(s) Conference. The conference will explore theories concerning the "new discourse practices that are emerging as a result of feminist scholarship," with an emphasis on the interdisciplinary study of feminist rhetorics. Presentation proposals are now being accepted. The deadline for submissions is February 1, 1999. This Website will also serve as an online conference center during the proceedings, providing visitors with paper abstracts, full-text papers, a message board, a mailing list, streaming video of conference sessions, and a MOO. [AO]

1999 Society for Cinema Studies Conference
April 15-18, 1999. West Palm Beach, Florida. The 1999 Society for Cinema Studies Conference, hosted by Florida Atlantic University, has a special focus: Media Industries: Past, Present, and Future. Attendees will examine the technological history, economic impact, societal influence, and industrial practices of the mass media. The conference will include panel sessions, workshops, paper presentations, and a poster session. In addition, two plenary sessions will be held examining the state of the discipline; one will cover film and media theories, and the other will explore film and media histories. [AO]

Society and Sociology: Britain in the Year 2025
January 19-22, 1999. Plymouth, England. Sponsored by Sociology, the journal of the British Sociological Association, this international conference will discuss the future of British society and its impact on sociological studies. Scheduled presentations include Contemporary Capitalism by John Urry, Ethnocentrism and Sociology by Sallie Westwood, and The Future of Social Mobility by Trevor Noble. [AO]
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Job Guides/Funding

H-Net Job Guide
Chronicle of Higher Education Job Openings
Social Science
American Political Science Association - Research and Training Support
TGCI - The Grantsmanship Center
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New Think Tank Policy Papers and Briefs

Cook, Thomas D., H. David Hunt, and Robert F. Murphy. "Comer's School Development Program in Chicago: A Theory-Based Evaluation" -- Institute for Policy Research
.pdf version:
Haveman, Robert and Andrew Bershadker. "Self-reliance and Poverty" -- The Jerome Levy Economics Institute
Holmes, Kim R. et al. "Mounting World Crisis: Can Clinton Cope?" -- The Heritage Foundation
.pdf version:
Litan, Robert E. and Roger G. Noll. "Unleashing Telecommunications: The Case for True Competition" -- The Brookings Institution
Morrow, Daniel. "The Political Challenges of Advancing Economic Reforms in Latin America: A Report Based on the first Meeting of the Carnegie Economic Reform Network" -- Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
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New Tables of Content/Abstracts

Continuum: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies
The Harvard Journal of International Journal of Press/Politics (abstracts)
Jouvert: A Journal of Postcolonial Studies (full text)
Labor History
World Politics: A Quarterly Journal of International Relations (abstracts)
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New Data

"Deaths: Final Data for 1996" -- CDC
Report highlights:
.pdf version of full report (1.1 MB):
The National Center for Health Statistics (described in the October 24, 1997 Scout Report) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has recently published "Deaths: Final Data for 1996." The 99-page report presents the latest data available on mortality in the US "according to a number of key demographic and medical characteristics such as age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, marital status, education, state of residence, and cause of death." The report contains 32 highly detailed data tables and five overview graphs on death and death rates. Major findings of the report show that, in 1996, the US set a record high for life expectancy at 76.1 years and a record low for infant mortality, with 7.3 deaths per 1,000 live births. [AO]
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The State of the Cities Data Systems
The State of the Cities Data Systems (SOCDS) allow users to extract customized datasets on US cities based on statistics gathered by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Bureau of the Census, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The SOCDS page links to the 1998 State of the Cities report (described in the June 30, 1998 Scout Report for Social Sciences) and provides three data extraction systems. The first system contains census data on 539 metropolitan areas for 1970, 1980, and 1990. The second system provides monthly labor force data -- number of employed residents, size of labor force, and unemployment rate -- for US metropolitan areas between 1990 and 1998. The third system extracts data from the Standard Statistical Establishment List for 114 US cities from 1993 to 1995, allowing users to view a selection of the same statistics used to produce the County Business Patterns publications. For each system, users simply follow a series of clicks to retrieve desired data tables. [AO]
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Population and Agricultural Census Schedules of Polk Township Washington County, Wisconsin, 1850, 1860
This new addition to the Online Data Archive at the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Data and Program Library Service contains data garnered from the agricultural and population schedules of the 1850 and 1860 censuses for the Town of Polk, Washington County, Wisconsin. The data, sorted into 98 different variables, were collected to analyze "the occupational mobility, family structure, and degree of persistence of individuals," as well as to determine "relationship to head of household, origin of parents of children, number of persons in the household, [and] location of household in village or rural area." Users may view or download the online codebook, the documentation, and various codebook appendices. [AO]
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In The News

Congo in Conflict
"Congo at War" -- International Crisis Group
The Democratic Republic of Congo & The Civil War -- International Relations and Security Network
Democratic Republic of Congo (Kinshasa) -- Africa News Online
Congo after Mobutu -- Out There News
"Democratic Republic of Congo: A Long Standing Crisis Spinning Out of Control" -- Amnesty International
Africa War I Regional Map -- New Congo Net: Central Africa Watch
Congo, Democratic Republic of -- CIA World Factbook
Democratic Republic of Congo
Congolese Democracy Movement (Congolese Rally for Democracy)
This week's In the News focuses on the current conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo. These nine resources provide news, analysis, commentary, and history. Eighteen months ago in Zaire, the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo (ADFL), a revolutionary coalition led by Laurent Kabila, toppled the regime of Mobutu Sese Seko, ending Mobutu's 32-year reign as the leader of Africa's third-largest nation. After the successful revolt, Kabila installed himself as the new president and renamed his country the Democratic Republic of Congo. Last August, only fourteen months after the ADFL's victory, another Congolese civil war broke out as result of dissension within the ADFL. The current conflict began when rebel factions rallied to oust Kabila, accusing him of despotism, nepotism, and tribalism. Kabila's new government, which has outlawed opposing political organizations and shut down the press, responded to the rebellion by forming military alliances with other African nations including Zimbabwe, Angola, Namibia, and Chad, among others. The rebels, who have enlisted the support of Rwanda and Uganda, now control most of northeastern Congo, after four months of fighting, but have failed in their attempt to take Kinshasa, the Congolese capital. Analysts have projected that this intense civil war, with its intricate international alliances and myriad political factions, may escalate into the first modern pan-African war. Fortunately, the first steps toward a peaceful resolution were taken last weekend at the twentieth Franco-African summit in Paris, which convenes over 50 nations biennially. On Saturday, French President Jacques Chirac and United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan announced a tentative cease-fire agreement, after meeting with four African presidents involved in the conflict: Kabila, Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe, Pasteur Bizimungu of Rwanda, and Yoweri Museveni of Uganda. However, the major rebel groups who have done much of the fighting, such as the Congolese Rally for Democracy led by Ernest Wamba dia Wamba, will not recognize the ad hoc cease-fire pact because they were not invited to the peace negotiations at the two-day summit. Nevertheless, African officials hope that the verbal truce will last until a preliminary cease-fire can be signed by all belligerent parties next week in Lusaka, Zambia. Peacemakers would like reach a final agreement and bring stability to the region before the next meeting of the Organization of African Unity to be held in Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso, December 17-18.

The International Crisis Group provides "Congo at War," a comprehensive document subtitled "A Briefing on the Internal and External Players in the Central African Conflict." "Congo at War" does an excellent job of identifying and explaining the confusing roles of rebel, governmental, and foreign forces in the Congo conflict. The International Relations and Security Network's site on the conflict, The Democratic Republic of Congo & The Civil War, supplies an extensive collection of informative links to Facts & Figures, History & Analyses, and Parties & Perspectives. Africa News Online posts the latest news items for DR Congo. Out There News has created Congo after Mobutu, an "infopack" on Congolese politics, economics, and culture since Mobutu's ouster. Amnesty International's report, "Democratic Republic of Congo: A Long Standing Crisis Spinning Out of Control," outlines the human rights situation in DR Congo during the current crisis. New Congo Net: Central Africa Watch presents a detailed war map of DR Congo along with battle summaries in what it calls Africa War I. The CIA World Factbook includes general geographic, demographic, political, and economic information. The official site of the Democratic Republic of Congo contains general country information; however, much of the site is in the nation's official language, French. The Congolese Democracy Movement (Congolese Rally for Democracy) Website contains political statements and declarations, as well as links to recent news articles and related sites. [AO]
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences is published every other Tuesday by the Internet Scout Project, located in the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Department of Computer Sciences.

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Copyright Susan Calcari and the University of Wisconsin Board of Regents, 1994-1998. The Internet Scout Project (, located in the Computer Sciences Department of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, provides information about the Internet to the U.S. research and education community under a grant from the National Science Foundation, number NCR-9712163. The Government has certain rights in this material. Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of the entire Scout Report provided this paragraph, including the copyright notice, are preserved on all copies.

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