The Scout Report for Social Sciences - January 12, 1999

The Scout Report for Social Sciences

January 12, 1999

A Publication of the Internet Scout Project
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The target audience of the new Scout Report for Social Sciences is faculty, students, staff, and librarians in the social sciences. Each biweekly issue offers a selective collection of Internet resources covering topics in the field that have been chosen by librarians and content specialists in the given area of study.

The Scout Report for Social Sciences is also provided via email once every two weeks. Subscription information is included at the bottom of each issue.

In This Issue


Learning Resources

Current Awareness

New Data

In The News


21st Century Teachers Network
The 21st Century Teachers Network (21CT) project is a nationwide initiative to empower educators through interconnection, allowing them to develop new skills using educational technology, share their expertise with other teachers, and integrate new technologies in their teaching and learning activities. The new 21CT Website acts as a meeting place for an interactive online community that promotes group collaboration among teachers interested in educational technology. The site includes eight major sections: News, where educational news items are posted; Teacher to Teacher, which hosts "interest-specific message boards;" Event Central, a calendar of events; Library, containing research, lesson plans, and much more; Contacts, a directory of network users; Favorite Places, an annotated collection of select links; Chapters, which provides information on local 21CT groups; and Network Highlights, a "what's new" section for the project. Users must register to access the 21CT Network. Registration is free. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

Russian Regional Database -- CSPP [Frames]
The Centre for the Study of Public Policy (CSPP) at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow has created a new online database that presents a comparative overview of eleven Russian regions: Central, Central Black Earth, East Siberia, Far East, North Caucasus, Northern, North-west, Urals, Volga, Volgo-Vyatka, and West Siberia. The database provides data garnered from official government statistics and public opinion surveys to compare indicators that measure economic competitiveness; labor market change; and social cohesion, exclusion, and stability. The data are accompanied by analysis written by Professor Richard Rose. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

The Association for the Study of Literature and Environment (ASLE) cultivates "the exchange of ideas" relevant to the study of "literature that considers the relationship between human beings and the natural world." @sle ONLINE provides an abundance of resources for the critical analysis of literary nonfiction, nature poetry, environmental fiction, and ecocriticism. This site features over 150 syllabi for university courses, a searchable bibliography of critical scholarship, more than 75 subject bibliographies, a library of environmental writing, a calendar of conferences and events, a list of electronic discussion lists, information about ASLE publications and programs, and numerous links pertaining to the study of literature and environment. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

Alternative Press Center
Alternative Press Index
The Alternative Press Center (APC), a non-profit collective, is devoted to "providing access to and increasing public awareness of the alternative press." The APC publishes the Alternative Press Index (API), a comprehensive quarterly subject index to more than 260 alternative periodicals in the social sciences and the humanities. The APC Website provides organizational information as well as information about the content and function of the API. The site also includes an online directory of periodicals in the 1998-99 API, listing subscription information, email addresses, and URLs. In addition, the APC compiles annotated links in a section entitled Alternative Viewpoints on the Internet. The compilation, comprised of over 330 sites, may be browsed by name or subject. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

The Project on Defense Alternatives -- Commonwealth Institute
The Commonwealth Institute's Project on Defense Alternatives (PDA) "offers critical analysis of US [military] policy," promoting the "consideration of the broadest range of defense options" to devise and adapt national and international security policies in the post-Cold War era. The PDA's research and development activities include policy analysis and alternative policy development, as well as technical, historical, and methodological research. This Website provides access to the full text and abstracts of PDA briefing memos, reports, and monographs. The online publications are organized into four sections: US Defense Posture, Global & Regional Issues, Confidence Building Defense, and Opinion & Commentary. In addition, this searchable site provides organizational information, links to related military and defense Websites, and background and commentaries on the first US Quadrennial Defense Review issued by the US Department of Defense. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

NEWLIB-L is a new, unmoderated email discussion list created for persons new to the career of librarianship. The list will serve as a forum for new librarians -- academic, public, and special -- to discuss the ideas, trends, and issues that they will encounter as they enter this ever-changing profession. Experienced information professionals and those interested in becoming librarians are also encouraged to contribute to the discussion. [AO]

To subscribe to NEWLIB-L, send a message to:
In the body of the message, type:
   subscribe NEWLIB-L firstname lastname
[Back to Contents]

Learning Resources

Religious Freedom [JavaScript]
Religious Broadcasting
New Religious Movements
Jeffrey K. Hadden, Professor of Sociology at the University of Virginia, has constructed, with the assistance of his students, a suite of three outstanding Websites that examine the sociological aspects of religion. The newest site, Religious Freedom, "analyz[es] the roots and assess[es] the status of religious freedom" throughout the world. Religious Freedom explores the issues of religious tolerance, religious pluralism, and human rights in eleven sections, including a section that supplies information on religious freedom for more than 190 nations worldwide and a section that provides summaries of major US Supreme Court decisions with links to the full text of the decisions. The second site produced by Hadden, Religious Broadcasting, "provide[s] a gateway to Internet resources" and "attempt[s] to develop analytical resources" for the study of the impact of electronic communications on religion. The site covers topics such as televangelism, radio broadcasting, and religious networks. The third site, New Religious Movements, was developed to foster the understanding of new religious groups and to study how new religions "emerge, grow, stagnate, reinvigorate themselves, and sometimes die." The site, created as a resource for Hadden's Sociology 257, includes profiles of over 125 religious movements, a select bibliography, a collection of online lectures, and links to hundreds of Internet resources related to religious movements. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

KidsPsych -- APA [Shockwave]
Developed by the American Psychological Association (APA), KidsPsych is a new "online adventure" for children and their parents. The Shockwave-powered site contains interactive games for children ages one through nine. These educationally entertaining games are designed to enhance cognitive thinking, deductive reasoning, spatial orientation, and creative intelligence. The site is divided into two sections based on age level. The section for ages one to five provides five games, such as "Eudora's Maze" and "Fun With Shapes." The section for ages six to nine includes four games, like "Rotating Faces" and "I Spy." Each game has an information section for parents, which explains the objectives of the game and how it relates to the cognitive development of their child. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

The Global Networking: a Timeline
Dr. T. Matthew Ciolek, head of the Internet Publications Bureau of the Research School of Asian and Pacific Studies at the Australian National University, has recently added another excellent reference tool to his collection of online information resources. The Global Networking: a Timeline chronicles -- from 30,000 BCE to the present -- the technical, conceptual, and organizational developments in communications technology as well as important advancements in information storage and retrieval. From cave paintings to Internet Relay Chat (IRC) channels, this chronology briefly notes the technological milestones that have culminated in a global communications network. Ciolek cites references for each date in the timeline and includes an extensive bibliography of sources on-site. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

Edison After Forty: The Challenge of Success -- NMAH
Edison After Forty: The Challenge of Success is a virtual exhibition provided by the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History (discussed in the {September 19, 1997 Scout Report}). This exhibit documents the last 44 years of the prolific career of Thomas Alva Edison, the quintessential American inventor who held over one thousand patents at the time of his death in 1931. Historical narrative accompanies the exhibit's seven galleries of black and white photographs: The Challenge of Success, Before Forty, Changes at Forty, Home Life, The New Technical World, Fame and Its Distractions, and Edison in His Eighties. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

The Virtual Gramophone: Canadian Historical Sound Recordings -- NLC [RealPlayer]
The Virtual Gramophone, an ongoing digital project of the National Library of Canada, aims to provide "researchers and enthusiasts with a comprehensive look at the 78-rpm era in Canada." This multimedia Website contains a brief history of recorded sound in Canada, short biographies of important Canadians in the recording industry, over 170 audio files of digitally reproduced historic recordings, and a 78-rpm resources section, which includes a bibliography, a detailed glossary, and a modest collection of annotated links. However, the core of this site is the vast Virtual Gramophone database. The database currently catalogs "approximately 2,400 7-inch 78-rpm recordings released by the Berliner Company of Montreal between 1899 and 1908," and the NLC plans to add more recordings in subsequent phases of the project. Every sound recording is exhaustively cataloged: each database record contains 37 descriptive fields. In addition, scanned and enlarged label images accompany selected sound recordings. Database searching instructions and cataloging principles are available at the site. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

BBC Education - Languages [RealPlayer, Shockwave]
BBC Learning Zone
The Learning Zone of BBC Education Online (first discussed in the May 5, 1995 Scout Report) offers an excellent resource for learning languages online. The multimedia BBC Education - Languages site provides an interactive learning experience, combining audio clips, video clips, Shockwave games, transcripts, and glossaries for beginning and intermediate level autodidacts studying French, German, Italian, or Spanish. The site also includes a collection of annotated language learning links and an online brochure listing resources that support BBC language learning programs. Users running Windows 95 may download a variety of multimedia lessons (self-extracting executables) for French, German, and Spanish. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

The Roman Military Sites of Britain
Peter Green, a military history enthusiast, has created The Roman Military Sites of Britain to provide location information and background material on the history of the Roman Army's occupation of Britain. This handsome site contains five gazetteers, organized by region, which summarize important Roman military sites and link to detailed maps. A collection of contemporary photographs provides visitors with a view of the physical surroundings of the sites. In addition to the historic geographic information, this site also introduces the organization of the Roman Army from the first century to the fifth century, explains Roman military terms and unit names, describes typical Roman military sites, and summarizes major military events in Britain during the Roman occupation. For visitors who desire more information, Green supplies a general reading list about the history of Britain and its relation to the Roman army as well as an extensive Roman military bibliography of Britain. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

Human & Constitutional Rights -- Columbia University
Text-only version:
The Arthur W. Diamond Law Library at Columbia Law School maintains this excellent resource for finding materials on human rights and constitutional rights. The metasite serves students, scholars, and practitioners as a portal to documents and Internet resources on international and domestic law related to human and constitutional rights. The information resources are divided into six sections: Country Reports, International Links, Regional Links, National Links, Documents, and Other Web Resources. Each section is clearly organized into neat lists or pop-up menus to ease navigation. Marylin Raisch -- the International, Comparative, and Foreign Law Librarian responsible for this metasite -- also provides a Hot Topics section, which posts information on current events related to human and constitutional rights. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

FAIR - Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting [RealPlayer]
FAIR is a media watch group that "seek[s] to invigorate the First Amendment by advocating for greater diversity in the press" and offers critical analysis and commentary on media bias and censorship issues. FAIR's Website includes selected articles from Extra!, the magazine of FAIR; current and archived broadcasts of CounterSpin, FAIR's weekly radio show; current and past editions of Media Beat, a weekly syndicated column on media and politics written by Norman Solomon; a section devoted to Media Activism; and a section called Media Watch Desks, which scrutinizes media from various perspectives. In addition, a section entitled Media Files organizes documents, broadcasts, and Websites by subject to help users locate specific information. FAIR also maintains a mailing list, that provides news, commentary, and action alerts to interested parties. [AO]

To subscribe to FAIR-L, send a message to:
In the body of the message, type:
   SUBSCRIBE FAIR-L firstname lastname
[Back to Contents]

Current Awareness
(For links to additional current awareness on tables of contents, abstracts, preprints, new books, data, conferences, etc., visit the Social Sciences Current Awareness Metapage:

Six New Human Rights Watch Publications
Abandoned to the State: Cruelty and Neglect in Russian Orphanages
Behind Bars in Brazil
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: Detentions and Abuse in Kosovo
Indonesia: Human Rights and Pro-Independence Actions in Irian Jaya
A Job or Your Rights: Continued Sex Discrimination in Mexico's Maquiladora Sector
United States -- Detained and Deprived of Rights: Children in the Custody of the US Immigration and Naturalization Service
Human Rights Watch has recently published six new reports investigating and exposing current human rights violations in Asia, Europe, South America, and North America. All six reports are available in full-text formats. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

New Working Papers

Meyer, Bruce D. "Do the Poor Move to Receive Higher Welfare Benefits?" [.pdf, WordPerfect]
Holzer, Harry J. "Employer Demand for Welfare Recipients and the Business Cycle: Evidence From Recent Employer Surveys" [.pdf, MS Word]
Duncan, Greg J. and Stephen W. Raudenbush. "Neighborhoods and Adolescent Development: How Can We Determine the Links?" [.pdf, MS Word]
The Joint Center for Poverty Research published these three working papers in late December 1998. All three papers are available in .pdf format and either Word or WordPerfect format. Associated statistical files are also available for downloading. [AO]

Olah, Livia Sz. "Do public policies influence fertility? Evidence from Sweden and Hungary from a Gender Perspective"
Word version:
The Stockholm University Demography Unit has posted SRRD-130 in its working paper series, Stockholm Research Reports in Demography. [AO]

Favell, Adrian. "The Europeanisation of Immigration Politics" [.pdf, .ps]
European Integration online Papers has posted a new working paper in its series on European integration, Volume 2 (1998), number 10. This paper is also available for downloading in .pdf or Postscript format. [AO]

Papadimitriou, Dimitri B. "(Full) Employment Policy: Theory and Practice"
The Jerome Levy Economics Institute of Bard College has recently released No.258 in its working papers series. [AO]

Fei, Liu and Shen Yannan. "Report on European Studies in China"
The Jean Monnet Working Papers series in Comparative and International Politics has recently issued number 98.20. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

New Offerings from Academic Publishers

Association of American University Presses: New Releases
Baker&Taylor Academia -- Upcoming Books to Buy (January 1999)
Cambridge University Press
Perseus Books: By Category
Thela Thesis -- Just Published
[Back to Contents]


Nineteenth International Congress of Historical Sciences -- ICHS
August 6-13, 2000. Oslo, Norway. This quinquennial event is the largest gathering of professional historians worldwide. The International Committee of Historical Sciences (ICHS) and the University of Oslo will host the next meeting. The congress will consist of 48 sessions within three major themes: Perspectives on Global History: Concepts and Methodology; Millennium, Time and History; and The Uses and Misuses of History and the Responsibility of the Historians, Past and Present. [AO]

Advances in Digital Libraries 1999 -- IEEE
May 19-21, 1999. Baltimore, Maryland. This conference aims "to share and disseminate information about important current issues concerning digital library research and technology." Paper presentations, workshops, and panels will promote discussion of technical advances in "distributed knowledge environments." This international conference is sponsored by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Computer Society; the US Library of Congress; the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Center of Excellence in Space Data and Information Sciences (CESDIS); Rutgers University Center for Information Management, Integration and Connectivity (CIMIC); and the National Library of Medicine (NLM). [AO]

Identities in Action!
December 10-12, 1999. Newtown, Wales. This interdisciplinary conference, hosted by the University of Wales, will focus on the theme of identity construction. Subtitled Language and Discourse, Values and Representations, the conference will examine "the ways in which concepts of identity, alienation and belonging, and modes of language and discourse, reveal themselves in cultural and political undertakings." Proposals for presentations are due May 1, 1999. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

Job Guides/Funding

H-Net Job Guide

Chronicle of Higher Education Job Openings Humanities
Social Science

Deadline Dates: Social/ Behavioral Sciences -- National Science Foundation

1999 Grant Round: Telecommunications and Information Infrastructure Assistance Program -- National Telecommunications and Information Administration, US Commerce Department
[Back to Contents]

New Think Tank Policy Papers and Briefs

Greenstein, Robert, Wendell Primus, and Kilolo Kijakazi. "The Feldstein Social Security Plan" -- Center on Budget and Policy Priorities

Ku, Leighton et al. "Understanding Changes in Young Metropolitan Men's Sexual Activity: 1979-1995" -- The Urban Institute
.pdf version:

Roberts, Paula. "Guidance from the Federal Government on Implementation of the Child Support Related Provisions of The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 as Amended by The Balanced Budget Act of 1997 and The Child Support Performance and Incentive Act of 1998" -- Center for Law and Social Policy

Solomon, Robert. "International Effects of the Euro" -- The Brookings Institution

Spring, Baker and Brett D. Schaefer. "Clearing Out the Bulging Treaty In-Box" -- The Heritage Foundation
.pdf version:
[Back to Contents]

New Tables of Contents/ Abstracts

Columbia Journalism Review (full-text)
Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice (abstracts)
Journal of African Cultural Studies
Review of Politics (abstracts)
Theory & Event (full-text)
West European Politics (abstracts)
[Back to Contents]
New Data

Two Election Studies -- ICPSR [.pdf]
British General Election Study: Campaign Panel, 1997
Canadian Election Survey, 1997
ICPSR Member Institutions and Official Representatives
The Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) at the University of Michigan has recently added two election studies to its archive. The first -- British General Election Study: Campaign Panel, 1997 -- surveyed adults in Great Britain to analyze the interaction between economic and political factors and their influence on election outcomes. The study also examined how the "modernization and professionalization of campaign communications" has affected the media, the voters, and political leaders. The second study -- Canadian Election Survey, 1997 -- comprehensively surveyed the election behavior and political attitudes of Canadian voters. The ICPSR freely provides codebooks and documentation in compressed and uncompressed .pdf format for both studies. Data are supplied in compressed and uncompressed SPSS Export files, which may be downloaded by authorized member institutions and official representatives of the ICPSR Data Archive. Downloading specifications and instructions are provided. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

Capital Punishment 1997 -- BJS [.pdf, .zip]
Recently released by the US Department of Justice's Bureau of Justice Statistics, this report presents capital punishment data for 1997 as well as preliminary data on executions in 1998. The report finds that in 1997, 3,335 men and women were on death row in 34 states, and during the year, seventeen states executed 74 prisoners -- all male -- with half of the executions occurring in Texas. Tabular data in the report display prisoners' sex, race, education, marital status, age, and method of execution, and the time between the imposition of the death sentence and execution. The report also includes historical tables that provide data on the 4,291 prisoners executed in the US between 1930 and 1997. The report is available in .pdf and ASCII format. Spreadsheets may be downloaded as a .zip file. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

NISE Evaluation of "The Why Files" World Wide Web Site -- DPLS [.pdf, .tar, .zip]
The latest addition to the online archive at the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Data and Program Library Service (DPLS) presents data gathered from a survey that examined the usage characteristics of The Why Files, a Website created by the National Institute for Science Education (NISE) to explain the science behind the news. The survey solicited information from 399 frequent users of The Why Files about "demographic characteristics, Web use frequency, and interest in topics related to science, math, engineering, and technology." Users may view the questionnaire (in .pdf format) and the survey codebook, and after free registration, download the data in .tar or .zip formats. Downloading guidelines are provided. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

In The News

Capital Punishment in Texas
Death Penalty Information Center
Death Penalty -- American Civil Liberties Union
Death Penalty and Sentencing Information -- Justice For All
"The Death Penalty in Texas: Lethal Injustice" -- Amnesty International
"Why Texas is Execution Capital" -- The Christian Science Monitor
Death Penalty News Special -- TalkSpot [RealPlayer]
"Federal Death Penalty Cases: Recommendations Concerning The Cost and Quality of Defense Representation" -- US Federal Judiciary
US Capital Punishment Statistics -- USDOJ, BJS Punishment
This week's In The News focuses on capital punishment in Texas. These eight resources provide commentary, analysis, news, and statistics. In the last six weeks, the state of Texas has executed four prisoners by lethal injection and postponed three more scheduled executions because of legalities. The postponements include the 36th judicial re-evaluation of a complex murder conviction and the last-minute reprieves granted to two men last month, both of which were later overruled by a US District Judge. Since the death penalty was reinstated by the US Supreme Court in 1976, 504 prisoners have been executed in the 38 states that support capital punishment. Texas leads the nation, by far, having performed nearly one-third (165) of all executions since 1976, with 37 in 1997, 20 in 1998, and 1 already in 1999. Legal experts say that the high rate of execution in Texas is caused by a number of factors including the lack of a statewide public-defender system, the relentless strategies of prosecutors who often seek the death penalty, the conservative nature of the US Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, and most importantly, the popular support for capital punishment among Texan voters. Recently, the process of granting clemency to Texas prisoners on death row -- which currently houses over 430 prisoners -- has been challenged again. The constitutionality of the process is in question, and a hearing will be held today by a State District Judge to analyze how the eighteen-member state Board of Pardons and Paroles grants clemency.

The Death Penalty Information Center is an outstanding, fact-filled, frequently updated site that supplies a wealth of full-text reports, briefs, and statistics examining all aspects of capital punishment. The Death Penalty section of the American Civil Liberties Union Website posts the latest news and information related to the abolition of the death penalty. Justice For All, "a criminal justice reform and victims' rights organization" that supports capital punishment, provides Death Penalty and Sentencing Information, outlining the pro-death penalty argument. "The Death Penalty in Texas: Lethal Injustice" is an Amnesty International report that examines the reasons behind the record number of executions in Texas. On the same topic, "Why Texas is Execution Capital," written by Robert Bryce for The Christian Science Monitor, explains why Texas has "the busiest death chamber in the United States." Last month, TalkSpot, a site that Webcasts interactive content, hosted a one-hour online debate on the death penalty, in which participants specifically discussed the scheduled lethal injections in Texas. The debate featured members of Amnesty International, Justice for All, and the Canadian Coalition Against the Death Penalty, as well as victims' and prisoners' family members and former death row inhabitants. "Federal Death Penalty Cases: Recommendations Concerning The Cost and Quality of Defense Representation" is a report published by the Subcommittee on Federal Death Penalty Cases of the Judicial Conference Committee on Defender Services. The US Department of Justice's Bureau of Justice Statistics provides detailed capital punishment data for 1993 to 1997 at its Website. [AO]
[Back to Contents]

Subscription and Contact Information

To subscribe to the Scout Report for Social Sciences, send email to:
In the body of the message type:
subscribe SRSOCSCI

For subscription options, send email to:
In the body of the message type:

Internet Scout team member information:

The Scout Report for Social Sciences
Brought to You by the Internet Scout Project

The Scout Report for Social Sciences is published every other Tuesday by the Internet Scout Project, located in the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Department of Computer Sciences.

Susan Calcari
Rachael E. Bower
Andrew Osmond
Travis Koplow
Paul M Schwartz
Managing Editor
Production Editor

Below are the copyright statements to be included when reproducing annotations from the Scout Report for Social Sciences.

The single phrase below is the copyright notice to be used when reproducing any portion of this report, in any format:

From the Scout Report for Social Sciences, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-1999.

The paragraph below is the copyright notice to be used when reproducing the entire report, in any format:

Copyright Susan Calcari and the University of Wisconsin Board of Regents, 1994-1999. The Internet Scout Project (, located in the Computer Sciences Department of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, provides information about the Internet to the U.S. research and education community under a grant from the National Science Foundation, number NCR-9712163. The Government has certain rights in this material. Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of the entire Scout Report provided this paragraph, including the copyright notice, are preserved on all copies.

Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the University of Wisconsin - Madison or the National Science Foundation.

Internet Scout
A Publication of the Internet Scout Project

Comments, Suggestions, Feedback
Use our feedback form or send email to

© 1999 Internet Scout Project
Information on reproducing any publication is available on our copyright page.