The Scout Report for Social Sciences - April 6, 1999

The Scout Report for Social Sciences

April 6, 1999

A Publication of the Internet Scout Project
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The target audience of the new Scout Report for Social Sciences is faculty, students, staff, and librarians in the social sciences. Each biweekly issue offers a selective collection of Internet resources covering topics in the field that have been chosen by librarians and content specialists in the given area of study.

The Scout Report for Social Sciences is also provided via email once every two weeks. Subscription information is included at the bottom of each issue.

In This Issue


Learning Resources

Current Awareness

New Data

In The News


CIA and the Vietnam Policymakers: Three Episodes 1962-1968 -- CSI
Published by the CIA's Center for the Study of Intelligence (CSI) and written by former CIA officer and historian Dr. Harold P. Ford, this book scrutinizes recently declassified CIA documents and "reviews the Intelligence Community's analytic performance during the chaotic Vietnam era." This forthright scholarly study focuses on how CIA analysts provided information to US policymakers at crucial times during the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. The book concentrates on three episodes in the policymaking process between 1962 and 1968: Distortions of Intelligence; CIA Judgments on President Johnson's Decision to "Go Big" in Vietnam; and CIA, the Order-of-Battle Controversy, and the Tet Offensive. The entire award-winning book is now available online at the CSI Website. [AO]
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Special Report on US-China Relations -- Asia Society
Today, Chinese Prime Minister Zhu Rongji begins his nine-day visit to the US to assuage strained relations between the two countries caused by trade disputes, allegations of espionage, and the recent NATO intervention in Yugoslavia. The Asia Society (described in the January 2, 1998 Scout Report) has prepared a new special report that compiles background information, recent news articles, and official government documents on US-China diplomacy. The report also includes supplementary material on the 1998 Sino-US Summit (discussed in the June 30, 1998 Scout Report for Social Sciences). [AO]
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Eurotext is a collaborative resource center of learning materials on Europe divided into two major sections: EU Texts and Hot Links. EU Texts is a database that contains full-text documents covering 28 key policy areas, such as Development Policy, European Integration, and Economic and Monetary Union, among others. The database may be browsed by topic or searched by keywords or bibliographic details. Please note that full-text access to EU Texts is limited to users linking from universities within the UK. Users outside the UK may contact the site administrator to request permission for access. The other major Eurotext section, Hot Links, is a subject gateway to Internet resources relevant to the study of Europe. Hot Links is organization into three subsections that connect users to introductory material, institutional information, and other associated Websites. The Eurotext Project has been developed as a joint venture of the Universities of Hull, Lincolnshire & Humberside, and Ulster, and is being funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) under the Electronic Libraries Programme (eLib). [AO]
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International Freedom of Expression Exchange Clearing House
European mirror:
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX) is a cooperative organization consisting of more than 40 freedom of expression groups worldwide. The IFEX Clearing House Website, managed jointly by the Norwegian Forum for Freedom of Expression (NFFE) and the Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (CJFE), provides "accurate and up-to-date information on freedom of expression issues and abuses." The site offers three notable information resources: the IFEX Action Alert Service, The IFEX Communique, and a hyperlinked directory of IFEX members. The IFEX Action Alert Service is a searchable database of nearly 4,500 news items posted by member organizations reporting freedom of expression violations all over the world. The IFEX Communique is a weekly Web-based publication that summarizes recent news and announces upcoming events. The entire site is also available in French or Spanish. [AO]
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Two Reports on Women Academics
"A Study on the Status of Women Faculty in Science at MIT"
"Disparities in the Salaries and Appointments of Academic Women and Men" -- AAUP
In a report recently issued by the Committee on Women Faculty in the School of Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), top school administrators acknowledged that female professors in MIT's School of Science have suffered from a prolonged pattern of discrimination in the areas of "salary, space, awards, [and] resources." The report, "A Study on the Status of Women Faculty in Science at MIT," is publicly available in a special online edition of the The MIT Faculty Newsletter. The newsletter outlines the history of the Committee, highlights the findings of the five-year study, and provides recommendations for the future. In a related report released last month by the American Association of University Professors (AAUP), Ernst Benjamin provided an update to a 1988 report on the status of women in academic professions. His report, "Disparities in the Salaries and Appointments of Academic Women and Men," concludes that "despite the increasing proportion of women in the academic profession," significant differences still exist "in salary, rank, and tenure between male and female faculty." [AO]
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National Substance Abuse Web Index -- NCADI
The National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information (NCADI) has developed the National Substance Abuse Web Index (NSAWI) to provide rapid access to high quality, authoritative information on substance abuse prevention and treatment. The NSAWI currently indexes all documents residing on 24 private and government Websites, including the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), and the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), among others. The NSAWI offers a local search engine, allowing users to conduct broadcast searches of all indexed sites. However, the rudimentary search facility limits users to keyword queries. [AO]
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Learning Resources

inforoute -- HMSO
"The Future Management of Crown Copyright" -- HMSO
On March 26, Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) launched an incipient version of inforoute, a new Web-based gateway to official UK government information. Similar to other official gateways, such as the Government Information Locator Service (GILS) in the US (see the March 1, 1996 Scout Report) and Info Source in Canada (mentioned in the October 10, 1997 Scout Report), inforoute will provide a centralized resource for locating and accessing documents and data sets published by government agencies and departments. HMSO launched the inforoute Website to coincide with the publication of "The Future Management of Crown Copyright," a White Paper that provides a blueprint for how the UK government will enhance access to official materials through emerging information and communication technologies. Although the inforoute Website is still under development, users will find detailed information about the proposed content of the site as well as several links to official bibliographic databases and other sources of government information. [AO]
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The Wabash Center Guide to Internet Resources for Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion
Despite the austerity of its appearance, this guide provides students and educators with copious references to electronic resources related to the study of religion and theology. The well-organized guide focuses on Christianity but also includes information on other world religions. Users may browse the catalog of annotated Internet resources by course area or material type, including bibliographies, syllabi, electronic texts, electronic journals, Websites, electronic discussion groups, and liturgical resources. The guide was created by Charles Bellinger, a librarian at Regent College (Vancouver, BC), for the Wabash Center for Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion located within Wabash College (Crawfordsville, Indiana). [AO]
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body (i)con
body (i)con examines mass media representations of women's bodies, the effects these representations have on physical and mental health, and the societal perpetuation of unattainable beauty standards. The site is a new media master's project created by Kim Dixon, Tiffany Kary, and Dan Maccarone, students in the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism. body (i)con includes five major sections: body as history, body as commodity, forbidden food, fighting back, and body modification. Each section contains subsections that explore issues related to the major topic, such as the impact of the diet industry, the pervasiveness of cosmetic surgery, and the cultural relativity of feminine beauty. [AO]
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Cinema: How are Hollywood Films Made?
Recently added as an educational exhibit at the Annenberg/CPB Projects Learner Online site (discussed in the September 12, 1997 Scout Report), Cinema: How are Hollywood Films Made? examines the creative process of producing a major motion picture, "from the screenwriter's words to the editor's final cut." The interactive exhibit contains sections on screenwriting, directing, producing, acting, and editing. Web links relevant to the online exhibition, along with a short bibliography, provide material for further investigation into filmmaking and the history of cinema. [AO]
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Performance Practice Encyclopedia
This encyclopedia is a compendium of musicological articles that summarize current and past research concerning performance practice. The encyclopedia's entries provide bibliographical references to scholarly articles about performance practice topics and individual composers, including details about their media, unnotated aspects, speed, intonation, and contrast elements. The Performance Practice Encyclopedia is edited by Roland Jackson along with an advisory board of music scholars from universities nationwide. [AO]
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Byzantium 1200
Byzantium 1200 presents a collection of computer-generated images and models that reconstruct the ruins of 53 Byzantine architectural structures as they would have appeared in Istanbul (Constantinople), Turkey in the year 1200. Each reconstruction, created by A. Tayfun Oner, is accompanied by a brief description written by subject expert Dr. Albrecht Berger of the Free University of Berlin (Freie Universitat Berlin). Reconstructed architectural structures include palaces, monasteries, aqueducts, arches, fora, columns, churches, gates, walls, and numerous other buildings. The site also provides a section citing the frequent additions and emendations made to the collection. [AO]
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The Witchcraft Bibliography Project
The Witchcraft Bibliography Project compiles and disseminates bibliographical information about witchcraft in early modern Europe and America. The bibliography includes references in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, German, Hungarian, Polish, Russian, and Dutch. The bibliography is divided into 20 topics and may be browsed online or downloaded as a compressed self-extracting file. In addition, the Website contains a briefly annotated list of Internet resources related to the project. The extensive bibliography was originally compiled by History Professor Jeffrey Merrick of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and has recently been enlarged and amended by its current compiler, Richard M. Golden, Chair of the Department of History at the University of North Texas. [AO]
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Two New Exhibits from the Newman Library, Baruch College/ CUNY
African-Native Americans : We Are Still Here
Red Scare: An Image Database
The William & Anita Newman Library at Baruch College (The City University of New York) has recently added these two exhibits to its digital collection. The first, African-Native Americans: We Are Still Here, is a photo exhibit that profiles people of joint African American and Native American heritage, with text by Eve Winddancer and photographs by Louis B. Myers. The second, Red Scare, is an image database created by Leo Robert Klein, Web Coordinator and Digital Resources Developer for Newman Library. The database contains 137 photographs and political cartoons that illustrate US political history from 1918 to 1920. The images are arranged chronologically and by subject. A list of subject headings are provided. [AO]
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The Women's Presses Library Project
The Women's Presses Library Project is a coalition of 30 women-owned independent presses that offers librarians and other collection developers a resource for identifying alternative library materials created for women and girls. The project's bibliographic database contains nearly 400 titles, providing access to subjects that are frequently neglected by larger publishers. Users may search the database by keyword, title, author, publisher, subject, or ISBN. In addition, users may browse alphabetical author, publisher, and subject lists to locate items. The subject list indexes over 80 terms that are organized categorically as well as alphabetically. [AO]
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Current Awareness
(For links to additional current awareness on tables of contents, abstracts, preprints, new books, data, conferences, etc., visit the Social Sciences Current Awareness Metapage:

UNICEF-USA Kosovo Relief Efforts
Last Friday, the US Committee for UNICEF launched a new Website dedicated to providing the latest information on humanitarian relief efforts in Kosovo and neighboring nations. The site features official UNICEF press releases on recent events, situation reports on the region's status, data on the refugee crisis, and an Alert! mailing list, which keeps subscribers up-to-date on important issues affecting the human rights of children in the Balkans and worldwide. [AO]
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New Working Papers

European Center for Minority Issues
ER #1: Troebst, Stefan. "Conflict in Kosovo: Failure of Prevention? An Analytical Documentation, 1992-1998"
Full .pdf version:

Hopkins Population Center, Johns Hopkins University
99-01: Koenig Michael A., Gillian H.C. Foo, and Ketan Joshi. "Quality of Care Within the Indian Family Welfare Program: A Review of Recent Evidence"
99-02: Bishai, David M. "Lifecycle Changes in the Rate of Time Preference: Testing the Theory of Endogenous Preferences and its Relevance to Adolescent Substance Use"
Full .pdf version:

Population Studies Center, University of Michigan [.pdf]
99-432: Carr, Deborah. "Unfulfilled Career Aspirations and Psychological Well-Being"
99-435: Anderson, Barbara A. et al. "Living Arrangements and Mortality Risks of the Urban Elderly in Yunnan Province, China, 1995"

Population Studies Centre, University of Western Ontario [.pdf]
99-1: Burch, Thomas K. "Something Ventured, Something Gained: Progress Toward a Unified Theory of Fertility Decline"
99-2: Bah, Sulaiman M. "The Improvement of Marriages and Divorces Statistics in South Africa: Relevance, Registration Issues and Challenges"
99-3: Ravanera, Zenaida R., Fernando Rajulton, and Thomas K. Burch. "Timing, Sequences, and Variations in Separation and Divorce of Canadian Men"

Stockholm Research Reports in Demography
SRRD-133: Andersson, Gunnar. "Trends in Childbearing and Nuptiality in Sweden, 1961(71)-1997"
Zipped files with figures:

UK House of Commons Library Research Papers [.pdf]
99/34: Youngs, Tim, Mark Oakes, and Paul Bowers. "Kosovo: NATO and Military Action"
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New Think Tank Policy Papers and Briefs

Daalder, Ivo H. "NATO at 50: The Summit & Beyond" -- The Brookings Institution

Fix, Michael and Jeffrey S. Passel. "Trends in Noncitizens' and Citizens' Use of Public Benefits Following Welfare Reform: 1994-97" -- The Urban Institute

Keating, Raymond J. "Sports Pork: The Costly Relationship between Major League Sports and Government" -- The Cato Institute

"Medicare Restructuring: The FEHBP Model" -- The Kaiser Family Foundation

Patterson, Sally and David M. Adamson. "How Does Congress Approach Population and Family Planning Issues? Results of Qualitative Interviews with Legislative Directors" -- RAND
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New Tables of Content/ Abstracts

Harvard Educational Review (abstracts and full-text)
Library Philosophy and Practice (full-text)
M/C - A Journal of Media and Culture (full-text)
Presidential Studies Quarterly
Social Science Computer Review
West European Politics (abstracts)
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New Offerings from Academic Publishers

Association of American University Presses: New Releases
Baker&Taylor Academia -- Upcoming Books to Buy (April 1999)
Perseus Books: By Category
Thela Thesis -- Just Published
Oxbow Books -- New Books
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Max Weber Study Group -- British Sociological Association
September 14-16, 1999. Derby, England. This commemorative conference marks the tenth anniversary of the British Sociological Association's Max Weber Study Group. Hosted by the University of Derby, the conference will hold four plenary sessions and twelve specialized sessions on Weber studies. The two general themes of the conference will be Weber in Literary Context/ Weber and European Literature; and Weber's Legacy for the Twentieth Century and the New Millennium. Detailed registration information is provided at the Website. [AO]

Second International Interdisciplinary Conference on Women and Health -- European Association for Research on Women and Health
July 12-14, 1999. Edinburgh, Scotland. This conference will provide psychologists, sociologists, health care workers, and policy makers with a forum to discuss "the development of new models and approaches to the understanding and promotion of women's health." The Website contains more information about the goals and mission of the European Association for Research on Women and Health. Recently, a provisional conference program was also posted at the site. [AO]

The Second Asian Digital Libraries Conference
November 8-9, 1999. Taipei, Taiwan. The Second Asian Digital Libraries Conference, to be held at National Taiwan University, has recently issued a call for papers. The conference will cover all aspects of digital libraries but will focus on "issues pertinent to digitization of documents and artifacts of Asian cultures." Paper submissions are due July 31, 1999. The Website provides detailed information about submissions. [AO]
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Job Guides/Funding

H-Net Job Guide

Chronicle of Higher Education Job Openings
Social Science

Fulbright Grants for US Faculty and Professionals -- Council for International Exchange of Scholars

College Scholarships & Graduate Fellowships
Compiled by Dr. Francisco Alberto Tomei Torres of the University of New Mexico, this list provides notices of funding opportunities in several categories. [AO]
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New Data

Data File: Public Libraries Survey, Fiscal Year 1996 [.zip, MS Access] -- NCES
Database documentation [.pdf, 52 p.]:
The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) has recently released the data file for Public Libraries Survey, Fiscal Year 1996. Conducted annually by the NCES through the Federal-State Cooperative System (FSCS) for Public Library Data, the Public Libraries Survey (PLS) collects data on staff, materials, circulation, reference transactions, library visits, public service hours, operating income and expenditures, and electronic technology information. The 1996 PLS includes data from 8,946 public libraries in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The data file is available for downloading in .zip format (2,525KB). The compressed .zip file contains five database files in Access format generated from the PLS: Public Library Data File; Public Library State Summary/ State Characteristics File; Public Library Outlet File, FY 1996; Administrative Entities Only/ State Library File, FY1996; and State Library Outlet File, FY 1996. Database documentation is available in .pdf format. [AO]
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New Data from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)
National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS)
National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS)
NCHS FTP server:
The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has recently released public-use data files for the 1997 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) and the 1997 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS). The NAMCS provides "objective, reliable information on the provision and use of ambulatory medical care services in the US". The NHAMCS "collect[s] data on the utilization and provision of ambulatory care services in hospital emergency and outpatient departments." The Websites for the two surveys describe methodologies and data, provide technical documentation for accessing and manipulating the data, and link users to related reports. The data and documentation for both surveys may be downloaded from their respective Websites or from the NCHS FTP server. [AO]
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Voter Information Services [MS Access]
A nonpartisan, nonprofit organization devoted to US voter education, Voter Information Services (VIS) provides current data on congressional voting. The frequently updated VIS Database contains personal data on every member of Congress and data on more than 1,400 congressional votes from 1991 to the present (garnered from the Congressional Record). The database also includes information on over 30 advocacy groups and their positions on congressional voting, allowing users to search the database to find out how senators and representatives vote in relation to the views of special interest groups. The entire relational database, which requires 25MB of disk space, is freely available for downloading in a self-extracting Access 97 format. [AO]
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In The News

Libyan Suspects Detained in Lockerbie Case
Lockerbie Trial Briefing
Lockerbie 10 Years On -- BBC News Special Report
Pan Am Flight 103 -- Special Report
Remembering Lockerbie -- MSNBC
Lockerbie Report -- UK Air Accidents Investigation Branch
"Libya and the Bombed Airliners" -- The Economist
Documents Concerning the Lockerbie Issue -- Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Statement on Venue for Trial of Pan Am #103 Bombing Suspects -- Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright
This week's In the News covers the long-awaited detainment and extradition of two Libyans accused of bombing a commercial airliner. On December 21, 1988, Pan Am Flight 103, en route from London to New York, exploded over the small town of Lockerbie, Scotland, killing 270 people, including 189 Americans, in an alleged act of terrorism. Yesterday in Tripoli, after ten years of legal squabbling among the US, UK, and Libya, Libyan officials finally surrendered the Lockerbie bombing suspects into the custody of United Nations representatives. Accompanied by their legal advisers, the two suspects, Libyan intelligence agents Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi and Lamen Khalifa Fhimah, were taken to Camp Zeist, near the city of Utrecht, the Netherlands, to stand trial. Libyan officials and the suspects agreed to a trial in a neutral location "to prove their innocence to the world." The transfer of the accused occurred as part of an extradition deal between Libyan leader Col. Moammar Gadhafi and the UN, a deal brokered by South African President Nelson Mandela and Crown Prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia. If the extradition deal is conducted smoothly, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan is expected to ask the UN Security Council to lift the punitive economic sanctions that it imposed on Libya in 1992. The UN sanctions were the first ever imposed on a sovereign state to force it to remit its citizens for an international trial. Although the venue for this unique international trial is Dutch, it will be governed by Scots law before a bench of three Scottish judges with no jury. If convicted, the suspects will serve life sentences in Scotland under UN supervision. Because of the complex legal issues involved in this case, the trial is predicted to last for several months. The following eight resources provide news, analysis, government reports, and background information on the Lockerbie incident.

The most comprehensive coverage of the impending Lockerbie trial is provided by Lockerbie Trial Briefing (see the February 9, 1999 Scout Report for Social Sciences), a Website maintained by the University of Glasgow School of Law that posts and summarizes the latest news items and documents related to the incident. Lockerbie 10 Years On, a BBC News Special Report, "tells the stories of those who lived and those who lost" in three sections: Lockerbie Revisited, On the Scene, and Lessons from Lockerbie. Pan Am Flight 103 is a special report by that provides the latest news and a chronology of the bombing. Remembering Lockerbie is an MSNBC slideshow about the explosion. The UK Air Accidents Investigation Branch -- a division of the Department of the Environment, Transport, and the Regions -- has posted its report of the Lockerbie bombing. The Economist has recently published, "Libya and the Bombed Airliners," an editorial about the Libyan government's association with terrorist airline bombings. The Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya's permanent mission to the UN provides documents concerning Lockerbie, which include the rulings of the International Court of Justice regarding its jurisdiction, a paper on the "Lockerbie Question," and a letter to the victims' families. A statement by Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright declares the US position on the matter and announces a joint effort between the US and UK to arrange for a trial of the Libyan suspects. [AO]
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences is published every other Tuesday by the Internet Scout Project, located in the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Department of Computer Sciences.

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