The Scout Report for Social Sciences - September 21, 1999

September 21, 1999

A Publication of the Internet Scout Project
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The target audience of the new Scout Report for Social Sciences is faculty, students, staff, and librarians in the social sciences. Each biweekly issue offers a selective collection of Internet resources covering topics in the field that have been chosen by librarians and content specialists in the given area of study.

The Scout Report for Social Sciences is also provided via email once every two weeks. Subscription information is included at the bottom of each issue.

In This Issue


Learning Resources

Current Awareness

New Data

In The News


MOST: Database Of Best Practices On Indigenous Knowledge
"The Centre for International Research and Advisory Networks (CIRAN) in co-operation with UNESCO's Management of Social Transformations Programme (MOST) has established a new Database Of Best Practices On Indigenous Knowledge." The site includes a definition of indigenous knowledges, a discussion of criteria for selecting "best practices," and a Registry of Best Practices that gives numerous detailed summaries of projects in Africa, Asia, Europe, and Latin America that have sought to improve conditions and alleviate poverty through the successful employment of indigenous knowledges. The site also links to CIRAN and MOST's joint publication entitled "Best Practices on Indigenous Knowledge," which provides further details on indigenous knowledge and on the production phase of the database. For a review of MOST's home site and more about their projects worldwide, see the November 18, 1997 Scout Report for Social Sciences. [DC]
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Digital Archives from Excavation and Fieldwork: Guide to Good Practice
This document, produced for the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) of Great Britain, offers detailed guidelines for the creation and maintenance of digital archives for archaeological projects. Among other things, the authors offer a comprehensive definition of digital archiving, discuss good digital archiving practices, and consider mechanisms for the creation of a national index to digital archives in archaeology. While the Guide is specifically written to address archaeological practice in the United Kingdom, many of its recommendations have universal applicability. The document is best considered in tandem with other documents from the Archeology Data Service (see the September 22, 1998 Scout Report), such as its Survey of User Needs of Digital Data and Guidelines for Depositors. [DC]
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Irish History on the Web
This useful metasite provides hundreds of links to sites and documents on the Web concerning Irish history. Billing itself as not just "another links page," the site asserts that "most of the links found here will lead to primary documents, original essays, bibliographies or specific informational sites, all of which are visited prior to inclusion on this site." Categories include historical documents, Orangeism and Loyalism, Immigration and Genealogy, Timelines, Reading and Resources, The North and the 'Troubles,' the Irish Famine, Radical/ Left History, Celtic History, Irish Literature and several more. The site is frequently updated and searchable with an engine that provides annotated listings of matches. Irish History on the Web is designed and maintained by Jacqueline Dana at the University of Texas. [DC]
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Baby Boomers Envision Their Retirement: An AARP Segmentation Analysis
The American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) recently published the results of their survey and analysis of the Baby Boomer generation in terms of their retirement expectations. Drawing on both quantitative and qualitative assessment methods and using background data drawn from the Roper Reports database (see the December 1, 1998 Scout Report for Social Sciences), the study segmented the generation into five key attitudinal and behavioral groups, providing "a road map to the retirement of the largest generation in the nation's history." Among other things, the study discovered that Baby Boomers envision a unique type of retirement as most of them believe they will still be working during their retirement years. [DC]
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American Libraries Online: The Magazine of the American Library Association [.pdf]
This monthly online magazine of librarianship offers news stories, special reports, columns entitled "Internet Librarian" and "Technically Speaking," upcoming events, tables of contents for previous issues, and archives of past issues's features and news. This month's issue is particularly interesting as it includes the second edition of Thomas Hennan Jr.'s HAPLR (Hennan's American Public Library Ratings) Index of US libraries. (See the March 23, 1999 Scout Report for Social Sciences for a review of HAPLR I.) HAPLR II not only categorizes the best libraries by population ranges, but also gives cumulative ratings for the 50 states so readers can see how well states are supporting their library systems. The magazine also includes, in this month's edition, a link to the first HAPLR published in its January edition. [DC]
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Journal Of Philosophy And History Of Education: Vol. 49, 1999
The annual Journal of Philosophy and History of Education has been published in an online version. Its compendium of scholarly papers is drawn from presentations at last year's annual meeting of the Society of Philosophy and History of Education at the University of Oklahoma. Among the many provocative articles in this volume are Clinton Allison's "The Conservative African American Intellectual: A Historical Inquiry," Charles Fazzaro's "Sacrifice, Progress, and Social Order: Roberto Calasso and Education Policy Inquiry," Taiebeh Hosseinali's "Multicultural Psychology and Counseling Multicultural Students," and James Swartz's "Artificial Intelligence, Machine Intelligence: Implications for Curriculum and Culture." [DC]
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Learning Resources

Fooling With Words [Quicktime, RealPlayer]
This companion site to the Bill Moyers's PBS special "Fooling with Words" features a preview of the broadcast, brief biographies of the 21 poets featured, selections of their poetry, and video clips of the poets's readings or interviews. (The video portions require Quicktime 3 or better and/or RealPlayer G2.) Bill Moyers's specials on poets and poetry over the last decade have been almost single-handedly responsible for a renaissance in the popular reading of American poetry, and this site reflects the quality of his attention. The site also provides lesson plans and resources for teachers and students. The special was filmed in Northern New Jersey at the 1998 Geraldine R. Dodge Poetry Festival, the largest such Festival in North America. "Fooling with Words" premieres Sunday September 26 at 9 pm (ET); check local listings. [DC]
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UCLA Center for East Asian Studies: Resources
This Resources page is part of the UCLA Center for East Asian Studies's Website and offers substantial materials and annotated links in East Asian studies. Specifically, the site features an "extensive collection of annotated links to reference works, on-line periodicals, research and teaching institutions, government resources, and general interest sites"; an annotated guide to documentaries and films on the region; detailed lists of Asia-focused materials suitable for use in K-12 classrooms; substantial links to statistical information on East Asian demographics, politics, and economics; and, perhaps most useful of all, full-text copies of significant historical and contemporary documents. Unfortunately, we were unable to locate a search engine on the site. [DC]
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National Gallery of Art Tour: American Impressionists of the Late 1800s and Early 1900s
This small but appealing, online collection of American paintings gives insight into the history, techniques, and cultural position of the American Impressionists who, while following the styles of their French masters, departed from the continental Impressionists in terms of subject, favoring "portrayals of well-dressed, well-mannered high society." The site provides brief histories of each portrait, a discussion of its provenance and conservation, and a bibliography of related scholarly sources. [DC]
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Teaching with Historic Places: Iron Hill School
This site, part of the National Park Service's Teaching with Historic Places Website (see the June 4, 1999 Scout Report), structures a lesson plan on Progressive Era education around the history of a one-room African-American school house at Iron Hill in rural northern Delaware. In addition to interviews with former pupils of the school, the Website offers readings, images, and activities concerning the issues of African American education, Progressive Era philanthropy, and the processes of "creating history" through documentary research and the taking of oral histories. Teachers are provided with thorough instructions on the use of the site in a classroom setting. The lesson was written by Susan Brizzolara Wojcik, Historic Preservation Planner for the New Castle County Department of Land Use. [DC]
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Long Island: Our Story [RealPlayer],5
This superb regional history site, based on the archival materials of Newsday, documents Long Island history "from the Ice Age to the Space Age." The site offers an extensive nine-chapter history of the region, spanning a period from the region's geological formation to its current condition. The history gives links to graphical representations of geological events, detailed timelines for each period, audio and video descriptions of significant historical events in the region, oral histories, a link to a Website detailing the history of the Brooklyn Bridge, and much more. For instance, the Our Towns section includes "histories of 300 communities in Nassau, Suffolk and Queens, along with a large collection of turn-of-the-century photos." Special sections dedicated to specific topics include reports on Levittown, Long Island pioneers, and the region's contributions to sports, science, and the arts. Celebratory, but not boosterish, the site gives a sense of how well regional history on the Web can be done. [DC]
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Educational Technology Resource
This site advertises itself as "committed to providing links to the most valuable Internet resources on the web for, educators, parents, seniors and students." We found sufficient quantity and superior quality in the sites selected and better-than-average information in the annotations. Educational Technology Resource also offers reviews of educational CD-ROMs and books on Web-based instruction. Since the site is dedicated not only to institutional instruction but all types of learning, the sections that link to sites on weather, reference, home information, and travel may be especially appreciated by users who go to the Web as an all-purpose information source. The site also provides information on its commercial workshops for training educators in the use of instructional technology and plans to eventually offer online publications on this same subject. The site includes a basic search engine. [DC]
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Electronic Collaboration: A Practical Guide for Teachers
This 69-page document, produced by The Northeast and Islands Regional Educational Laboratory At Brown University in the USA (LAB), in association with the Teacher Enhancement Electronic Community Hall (TEECH), provides an excellent introduction to the instructional uses of the Web. Avoiding the hyperbole of some material on the Internet in the classroom, this guide gives practical advice about the types of collaboration facilitated by the Internet, setting up collaborative environments, and the technological choices currently available to instructors. [DC]
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Western Outlaw-Lawman History Association (WOLA)
The Western Outlaw-Lawman History Association's Website provides specialized historical information about desperados and their law enforcement nemeses in the Old West. Some typical subjects include the possible innocence of Butch Cassidy and The Sundance Kid of their alleged holdup in Rio Gallegos in 1905; the showdown between Wyatt Earp and Curly Bill on March 24th, 1882; new information about the circumstances surrounding the death of Southwestern outlaw Pat Garrett; and more material of a similar nature. Despite the site's apparent commitment to a questionable mystique, its information is well-documented, and much of it has been presented in academic and institutional contexts. The site also provides an annotated list of seventeen links dealing with frontier law enforcement history. [DC]
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East Timor Human Rights Centre
"The East Timor Human Rights Centre (ETHRC) was established in 1995 in Melbourne, Australia, in order to meet the urgent need to protect and promote the human rights of the East Timorese people." The site provides news and information about unfolding events in Timor on a daily basis. Urgent action reports and media releases keep users informed of the most recent human rights abuses perpetrated by the Indonesian military and paramilitary forces. The site also includes executive summaries of annual reports on the situation and graphic photographic evidence of past torture and abuse. The East Timor Human Rights Centre is an independent international human rights organization. [DC]
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Current Awareness
(For links to additional current awareness on tables of contents, abstracts, preprints, new books, data, conferences, etc., visit the The Scout Report for Social Sciences Current Awareness Metapage:

Asia Times Online
As the world's news flows increasingly from Asian nations, those people looking for a credible online source that concentrates on this region will find it in Asia Times Online. The site's front page features top stories from Asia Times journalists as well as from other online dailies and reports, including the South China Morning Post,Business Times Online, and the Australian Financial Review. The site offers separate sections for China, Southeast Asia, Japan, the Koreas, India/ Pakistan, Central Asia, and Oceania as well as departments devoted to Business Briefs, Global Economy, and Media and Industrial Technology. The entire site, including archives, is searchable. [DC]
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New Working Papers

99/7: Glenn, John K. "International Actors and Democratization: US Assistance to New Political Parties in the Czech Republic and Slovakia" -- European University Institute, Florence Working Paper Series [.pdf, 93K]

99/5: Glenn, John K. "The Impact of Collective Actors upon Democratization" -- European University Institute, Florence Working Paper Series [.pdf, 82K]

99/3: Joppke, Christian. "The Domestic Legal Sources of Immigrant Rights: The United States, Germany, and the European Union" -- European University Institute, Florence Working Paper Series [.pdf, 159K]

99/24: Checkel, Jeffrey T. "Why Comply? Constructivism, Social Norms and the Study of International Institutions" -- The Research Council of Norway's Working Paper Series

99/23: Eriksen, Erik Oddvar. "Globalisation and Democracy" -- The Research Council of Norway's Working Paper Series [Review Article]
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New Think Tank Policy Papers and Briefs

The American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research:
Terrill, Ross. "The "One China" Fiction and Its Dangers"
Lee Hoi-Chang. "Toward a Balanced North Korea Policy" [Speech]

The Commonwealth Fund [1999 National Survey of Workers' Health Insurance]:
Budetti, John et al. "Can't Afford to Get Sick: A Reality for Millions of Working Americans"
Guyer, Jocelyn and Cindy Mann. "Health Care in New York City Program: A New Opportunity to Provide Health Care Coverage for New York's Low-Income Families"

Management of Social Transformations (MOST) -- Discussion Papers and Public Policy Series (UNESCO):
Foray, Dominique and Ali Kazancigil. "Science, Economics and Democracy: Selected Issues"
Meyer, Jean-Baptiste and Mercy Brown. "Scientific Diasporas: A New Approach to the Brain Drain"

The Urban Institute:
Bell, Stephen. (99-08): "New Federalism and Research: Rearranging Old Methods to Study New Social Policies in the States"
Full .pdf version (237K):
Moon, Marilyn et al. "Can Competition Improve Medicare? A Look at Premium Support" [.pdf, Special Report on Conference Proceedings]
Full text:
Full .pdf version (1188K):

Norton, Stephen. (99-12): "Recent Trends in Medicaid Physicians Fees, 1993-1998" [.pdf, 236K]
Full .pdf version:
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New Offerings from Academic Publishers

Association of American University Presses: New Releases

Cornell University Press: Just Released &_UserReference=60DFA5BE37871F29BB90DBD7

Perseus Books: By Category

Harvard University Press -- Press Releases for New and Forthcoming Books

Oxbow Books -- Publishers of titles on archaeology, classical studies, and medieval studies.
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New Tables of Contents/ Abstracts/ Issues/ Titles

New Titles from JSTOR:
Journal of Black Studies Vols. 1-26 (Issue 2), 1970-1995
Journal of Business Vols. 1-66, 1922-1993
Social Psychology Quarterly Vols. 1-56, 1937-1993

New Online Journal:
Comparative Connections: An E-Journal on East Asian Bilateral Relations
[.pdf format]

Online edition:
International Journal of Law and Information Technology, Volume 7, Issue 1: Spring 1999 (Table of Contents, Abstracts, Full-text)
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Woman In The Eighteenth Century: The 33rd Annual Texas Tech University Comparative Literature Symposium
January 27-29, 2000
Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas

Symposium on Second Language Writing
September 15-16, 2000
Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana

Periodizing the American Century: American Studies Association conference (ASA 2000)
October 11-14, 2000
Detroit, Michigan

Religious Faith and Literary Arts
February 24-27, 2000
Baylor University, Waco, Texas
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Job Guides/ Funding

H-Net Job Guide

Chronicle of Higher Education Job Openings
Social Science

Funds from the Department of Education:
Rehabilitation Continuing Education Programs (RCEP):Notice Inviting Applications for New Awards for Fiscal Year (FY) 2000 [.pdf, 19K]

Vocational Rehabilitation Service Projects Program for Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers:Notice Inviting Applications for New Awards for Fiscal Year 2000 [.pdf, 13K]
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New Data

Bureau of Justice Statistics: Prisoners in 1998
Press Release:
Full .pdf version (150K):
ASC II version (94K):
According to data recently released by the Justice Department, last year the nation's prison population grew by 60,000 inmates, the largest increase since 1995. "Prisoners in 1998" gives "the number of persons in State and Federal prisons at year end, compares the increase in the prison population during 1998 with that of the previous year, and gives the growth rates since 1990." The report also includes statistics on increases in male and female populations and provides data on prison populations vis-a-vis facility capacities. [DC]
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The Office of Research, Evaluation and Statistics (ORES)
"The Office of Research, Evaluation and Statistics (ORES) provides ongoing statistical data and research analyses of the old-age, survivors, and disability insurance (OASDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) programs." The site provides access to .pdf versions of the office's quarterly, annual, and one-time publications "on major issues that historically or currently have policy implications and program relevance for the Nation's major income security programs." Recently posted data includes "Highlights of Social Security Data, July 1999," "SSI Recipients by State and County - December 1998," and "Social Security Programs Throughout the World - 1999." Links are also supplied to tables giving data on current administration of SSI, to ORES's Working Paper Series, and to the Social Security Bulletin among other statistical sources. [DC]
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Great Britain Historical Database Online
Part of the United Kingdom's Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS), the Great Britain Historical Database provides nineteenth- and twentieth-century statistics in British social history and "is intended to assist historians with localised interests." The database includes statistics from the 1861 Census as well as statistics on employment, marriage, mortality, poor laws, debt, and trade unions from the mid-nineteenth to early twentieth century. Users may obtain data for what the database refers to as "one standard region," one or more counties within any one standard region, or up to four conterminous counties. Access to the database requires registration and can involve up to a 28-day wait, so users should plan accordingly. [DC]
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In The News

Bradley Comes Out for Gays
1. GO News: "Battling for Gay Vote" (AP)
2. The Bergen Record: "Let Gays Serve Openly, Bradley Says"
3. Pentagon Clarifies Gays Policy "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" Revisions Intended to End Abuses
4. Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund: 1999 Anti-Marriage Bills Status Report
5. Freedom to Marry Coalition of Massachusetts
6. Human Rights Campaign -- Working for Lesbian and Gay Equal Rights
7. Alliance for Traditional Marriage
8. "Gay Marriage: The Arguments and the Motives -- A Personal Essay in Hypertext" by Scott Bidstrup
9. Bill Bradley for President
In an interview with Advocate magazine released last week, democratic presidential candidate Bill Bradley made statements likely to please advocates for gay rights. The former senator from New Jersey stated he opposed the current "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy of the pentagon and felt that gays should be allowed to serve openly in the military. He also opined that gay rights should be included in an expansion of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and said that were he a citizen of California, he would vote against the California referendum scheduled for a vote in March that would outlaw same-sex marriages, though he averred he remains personally opposed to such unions. Some political observers see Bradley's comments as an effort to woo the "gay vote" away from Gore, who has not yet made any similar overtures. With over 30 state houses currently considering some sort of anti-same-sex marriage legislation, this issue is likely to return over the course of the 2000 presidential campaign.

GoNews (1) reprints an AP story giving highlights of Bradley's interview with the Advocate while The Bergen Record(2) summarizes Bradley's affirmation of his statements on ABC's Sunday morning news hour, This Week. ABC News (3) reports on the recent efforts to refine the Pentagon's policy concerning enlisted gays and lesbians. The Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund (4) provides information on the status of legislation opposing same-sex marriages throughout the nation; seventeen pieces of legislation opposing same-sex marriage were introduced in 1999 alone. The Freedom to Marry Coalition of Massachusetts (5) is a grassroots organization dedicated to opposing H472 -- the anti-gay marriage bill in the state legislature. The Human Rights Campaign (6) advocates for the civil rights of gays and lesbians and offers relevant publications, legal briefs, organizing and lobbying information at their Website. Alliance for Traditional Marriage (7) is a Hawaii-based organization first established to oppose proposed state legislation to legalize gay marriage; the site has an online Resources collection of materials offering arguments against the institutionalization of same-sex unions. "Gay Marriage: The Arguments and the Motives" (8) is a personal essay in hypertext by Scott Bidstrup arguing for the validity of such unions. Bill Bradley for President (9) is the official Website of the candidate's campaign; we found nothing there about Bradley's interview with the Advocate or his opinions on gay rights. [DC]
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences is published every other Tuesday by the Internet Scout Project, located in the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Department of Computer Sciences.

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David Charbonneau
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Paul M Schwartz
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