The Scout Report for Social Sciences - November 16, 1999

November 16, 1999

A Publication of the Internet Scout Project
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The target audience of the new Scout Report for Social Sciences is faculty, students, staff, and librarians in the social sciences. Each biweekly issue offers a selective collection of Internet resources covering topics in the field that have been chosen by librarians and content specialists in the given area of study.

The Scout Report for Social Sciences is also provided via email once every two weeks. Subscription information is included at the bottom of each issue.

In This Issue


Learning Resources

Current Awareness

New Data

In The News


Dime Novels and Penny Dreadfuls
This extraordinary Website is devoted to the Dime Novel and Story Paper Collection at Stanford University Library. The site offers thousands of cataloged graphic images of illustrated covers to issues of the dime novels and story papers that were immensely popular in America from the mid-nineteenth century to its close. The images may be searched or browsed; search options include an exhaustive listing of "salient features," including -- but not limited to -- cover images relating to Napoleon Bonaparte (2), African-Americans (107), Cowboys (118), and College Students (8). Cultural studies scholars can make good use of these search options in examining graphic representations of gender, class, race, work, and manners of the time. The site also includes nine complete texts and catalog information for all of the issues imaged. Images may be viewed in thumbnail or full screen versions. [DC]
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A Guide to Queer Resources in the Social Sciences
This site, created and maintained by a sociologist primarily for sociologists, is an excellent example of a specialized metasite that prefers quality of materials over sheer quantity. The site lists both print and online resources in queer studies from the fields of anthropology, education, history, law, psychology, social work, and sociology. Print resources are limited to monographs, with a decided preference for studies published in the last decade, while online resources are provided with brief, but helpful, annotations for researchers. (Some resources are more educational or advocacy-based than scholarly, but the annotations make such distinctions apparent.) Introductions to each section also provide a sense of the overall state of Queer Studies and point to other resources such as useful search engines -- a few specializing in gay issues -- and to scholarly bibliographic databases. [DC]
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Foreign Affairs Online
This metasite on Foreign Affairs designed by a professor of International Law offers brief annotations and recommendations on a wide variety of Internet resources germane to the subject. Included here are annotated listings of official US and foreign government sites; UN sites; nongovernmental and intergovernmental organization sites; think tanks; news sources; sites devoted to human rights, international relations, and law; and much more. The section on map resources is particularly good, offering a number of "highly recommended" sites that researchers are likely to find valuable. Also among its thousands of links are those connecting to complete e-texts of the constitutions for hundreds of countries. Unfortunately, the site lacks a search engine at this time. [DC]
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GESIS: Newsletter -- Social Sciences in Eastern Europe
.pdf version (148K):
This quarterly newsletter provides extensively annotated listings of new publications, research projects, and institutions involved in social science research in Eastern Europe. The most recent edition includes reviews of and links to online databases for the Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) and data from the first four installments of the European New Democracies Barometer. The newsletters are archived to 1997, searchable, and voluminous in their coverage of ongoing work in the field. GESIS, the organization that maintains the newsletter, is "an infrastructural association which supplies fundamental social science services on a national and international level" on the European continent. [DC]
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A Virtuous Circle: Political Communications in Post-Industrial Democracies [.pdf]
The John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University has posted the complete draft text of this study of the state of the media in a technological age by Harvard Scholar Pippa Norris. Norris's unconventional thesis is that, contrary to the conclusions of many public intellectuals and academics, the dramatic changes in the forms of journalism in the last 20 years have not created a civic culture of cynicism, sensationalism, and "videomalaise." Drawing heavily on public opinion datasets and statistics about media use, Norris, in readable and engaging prose, makes the case that, while the profile of the media has significantly changed in post-industrial democracies, they are still serving a democratic process: that is, "public attention to the news media gradually reinforces civic engagement, just as civic engagement strengthens attention to the media." The study is scheduled for publication by Cambridge University Press in the Fall of 2000. Note: figures and tables appear at the end of each chapter in this online version. [DC]
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German Journal of Psychiatry
This academic online journal provides free access to its current and back issues. The current issue has articles and case reports on the treatment of depression with psychotropic drugs and transcranial magnetic stimulation as well as a discussion of body image dissatisfaction in eating disorder patients. Back issues and instructions for submission are also available on-site. [DC]
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Learning Resources

An Edward Hopper Scrapbook -- NMAA
A companion to the Edward Hopper watercolor exhibit at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American Art (NMAA) October 22, 1999-January 3, 2000, this site features an assortment of Hopper art and artifacts. Arranged in scrapbook format, these audio recordings, letters, photographs, newspaper articles, and of course, paintings are meant to be browsed page by chronological page. The scrapbook begins in Nyaak, New York 1882-1900 with family photographs and ends with Hopper's obituary and gravesite. In between, users can view exhibition catalogs, letters to friends, paintings, and miscellany such as checks from Hopper's sales. The site also allows visitors to bypass paging through the scrapbook and select items from one of several lists: Art, Friends, Places, Shows, and Index. Regardless, the exhibition does an excellent job communicating Hopper's luminous vision. [TK]
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The Hoagy Carmichael Collection [RealPlayer G2, QuickTime 3 or 4]
"This multimedia web site is part of an 18-month project to catalog, digitize, and preserve every item in Indiana University's [IU] extensive collections pertaining to the life and career of master songwriter" -- and Bloomington native -- Hoagland "Hoagy" Carmichael (1899-1981) who composed, among other American pop standards, the classic "Stardust." The Collection contains sound recordings of Hoagy's music, letters, photographs of him and his family, print and handwritten musical compositions, drafts of lyrics, a brief biography, a virtual tour of the Hoagy Carmichael Room at the Archives of Traditional Music, links to additional primary materials at the Lily Library at IU, and more. The site can be searched or browsed. Constructed by IU librarians from the Digital Library Program and the Archives of Traditional Music, the site is a fine example of regional librarianship. [DC]
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Democracy in America: Alexis de Tocqueville
This site from the University of Virginia's American Studies Website does much more than provide an online edition of Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America. It offers contextual history not only for Tocqueville's famous trip but for the American Republic about which he made his trenchant, albeit biased, observations. The site features a virtual tour following Tocqueville's route in 1831 that includes his itinerary, a map of his route, and a travel narrative studded with piquant quotations from Tocqueville's letters and writings. Separate sections summarize and comment upon Tocqueville's encounters with Native Americans, slavery, religion, and the life of women in the early Republic (see the February 14, 1997 Scout Report for a review of this last section). Other sections discuss European Perspectives on Democracy, Tocqueville's Informants, Inland Navigation, Southwest Humorists, European Travellers in America in the same decade, and more. A key word/phrase search engine allows users to quickly locate on-site materials on particular subjects. [DC]
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Smithsonian: Science Service Historical Image Collection, 1926-1976
This collection of images with their original captions from Science Service -- a leading institution for the popularization of science through magazines, bulletins, and newswires for 50 years -- gives users insight into the presentation and status of scientific research from the rise of electrical technology through the modern nuclear age. The collection includes hundreds of images that can be searched or browsed, as well as over 130 subject headings for quick access. The site also provides links to a Master's Thesis and an essay on Science Service, exploring its role in the formulation of popular images of science. Besides being of use to the curious, this site is likely to be valuable to cultural historians and historians of science. [DC]
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Nova Online: Decoding Nazi Secrets
This companion site to the Nova episode "Decoding Nazi Secrets," broadcast this month on PBS, provides substantial essays on codebreaking and making, encryption on the Web, the mechanics of the Nazi's encoder Enigma, the personalities and genius of the men who cracked its code, and opportunities for users to code their own messages or participate in a codecracking contest (November 5-19). Additional resources and a teacher's guide are also provided. We can imagine the site both generating enthusiasm among high school students and helping them to develop valuable analytical skills. [DC]
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Ancient Egypt: the Mythology
This Website, "dedicated to supplying information about the religious beliefs of ancient Egypt," offers internally linked essays and descriptions from scholarly sources detailing the relationship between the land and ancient beliefs; glossaries with healthy descriptions of the deities and symbols; and eighteen prominent mythological stories of Ancient Egypt. An annotated list of about a dozen other pertinent sites is also posted. A simple search engine is provided and can be accessed by going to the incongruously titled "Egypt" page, which offers users an opportunity to search the site, sign the guestbook, or email the author -- a college instructor -- questions about Egyptian mythology, but which offers no additional information on Egypt itself. [DC]
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History of American Education Web Project
Maintained by Professor Robert N. Barger at Notre Dame, this site offers an online history of American education from the Puritans to the present. Separate sections focus on European Influences on American Educational History, the Colonial Period of American Education, the Early National Period of American Education (ca. 1776-1840), the Common School Period of American Education (ca. 1840-1880), the Progressive Period of American Education, and the Modern Period of American Education (ca. 1920-present). Each section offers brief scholarly essays on relevant topics as well as images and texts from the period discussed. [DC]
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Mystic Places: Easter Island, Nazca Lines, Stonehenge
This Website from The Discovery Channel of Canada explores "some of the world's most enigmatic places." It features separate sections on three famous sites -- Easter Island, Nazca Lines, and Stonehenge -- discussing the construction, cultural significance, and physical history of the extraordinary structures erected at each. The site also offers a slideshow presenting dozens of dramatic photographs from the three places as well as links to pertinent news releases and features archived on the Discovery site. The discussions and images provided are extensive and can serve as a stand-alone source of information, suitable for individual or secondary education. [DC]
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National Gallery of Art (NGA): Mark Rothko
This NGA online exhibition traces the career of one of the most successful alumni of what came to be known as the New York School of painters. The site is intelligently built along a time line that shows Rothko's canvases at various points in his artistic development with commentary in the margin. The result is to emphasize the viewers encounter with Rothko's vibrant canvases and to provide just enough history and analysis to give context. Given Rothko's own suspicion of words in relation to art -- many of his canvases were either untitled or simply numerically identified -- this approach seems just right. [DC]
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Current Awareness
(For links to additional current awareness on tables of contents, abstracts, preprints, new books, data, conferences, etc., visit the The Scout Report for Social Sciences Current Awareness Metapage:

"Global Environmental Protection in the 21st Century"
Posted by the Foreign Policy in Focus gateway, this special report examines the deterioration of the environment since the promises for global environmental improvement made at the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED or the "Earth Summit"). Authored by the Executive Director of the Center for International Environmental Law, David Hunter, the report considers why the global environment continues to worsen and what global changes are necessary to reverse this slide. Reasonable rather than polemical, the report offers substantial statistics (easily accessed from a short menu on the table of contents) documenting the state of the environment and proffers concrete suggestions concerning US-supported geopolitical change and integration of environmental needs with those of the global economy. The report will be published as an essay in Global Focus: U.S. Foreign Policy at the Turn of the Millenium, forthcoming from St. Martin's Press in early 2000. [DC]
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New Working Papers

Cromwell, Elizabeth. "Agriculture, Biodiversity And Livelihoods: Issues And Entry Points" (Overseas Development Institute) [.pdf, 234K]

Hertel, Thomas W. et al. "Agriculture and Non-agricultural Liberalization in the Millennium Round" [.pdf, 139K]

Kreyenfeld, Michaela and Gert G. Wagner. "A Forgotten Issue: Distributional Effects of In-Kind Subsidies - The Case of Day Care in Germany" (Institute For Social And Economic Research, Working Papers) [.pdf, 43K]

Meier, Ann. "Social Capital and School Achievement Among Adolescents" [.pdf, 94K]

Nordstrom, Hakan and Scott Vaughan. "Trade and the Environment" (for the World Trade Organization, Special Studies) [.pdf, 952K]

Sandefur, Gary, Ann Meier, and Pedro Hernandez. "Families, Social Capital and Educational Continuation" [.pdf, 74K]

Voss, Paul R., David D. Long, and Roger B. Hammer. "When Census Geography Doesn't Work: Using Ancillary Information to Improve the Spatial Interpolation of Demographic Data" [.pdf, 113K]
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New Think Tank Policy Papers and Briefs

Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty (Occasional Papers):
Holland, James C. "The Legacy of an Education"

Tonsor, Stephen. "Quest for Liberty: America in Acton's Thought"

American Enterprise Institute:
Helms, Robert B., Introduction to Medicare in the 21st Century: Seeking Fair and Efficient Reform (a collection of essays edited by Helms, forthcoming in 1999)

Brookings Institution:
Ellwood, David T. "Children's Roundtable Report #2: The Plight of the Working Poor"
.pdf version (550K):

Center on Budget and Policy Priorities:
Johnson, Nicholas. "A Hand Up: How State Earned Income Tax Credits Help Working Families Escape Poverty 1999 Edition"
Executive Summary:
Full-text (.pdf, 109K):

Johnson, Nicholas. "Estimating the Cost of a State Earned Income Tax Credit"

The Urban Institute:
Lerman, Robert and Stefanie Schmidt. "An Overview of Economic, Social, and Demographic Trends Affecting the U.S. Labor Market" (Final Report)
.pdf version (178K):

Perun, Pamela. "Matching Private Saving with Federal Dollars: USA Accounts and Other Subsidies for Saving" (Number 8 in Series, "The Retirement Project")
.pdf version (148K):

Loprest, Pamela J. and Shelia R. Zeldlewski. "Current and Former Welfare Recipients: How Do They Differ?"
.pdf version (80K):

Penner, Rudolph G. et al. "Saving the Surplus to Save Social Security: What Does It Mean?" (Number 7 in Series, "The Retirement Project")
.pdf version (149K):
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New Offerings from Academic Publishers

Association of American University Presses: New Releases

Michigan State University Press Online: New Releases

Cambridge University Press

Perseus Books: By Category

Thela Thesis -- Just Published

Oxbow Books -- Publishers of titles on archaeology, classical studies, and medieval studies.
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RIAO (Recherche d'Informations Assistee par Ordinateur) 2000 Meeting: Content-Based Multimedia Information Access
April 12-14, 2000
College de France, Paris, France

The Humanities Advanced Technology and Information Institute (HATII): Digitization for Cultural Heritage Professionals (Course Offering from University of Glasgow and Rice University)
March 5-10, 2000
Rice University, Houston, Texas

Third International Symposium on Electronic Theses and Dissertations: Applying New Media to Scholarship
March 16-18, 2000
University of South Florida, St. Petersburg, Florida

London Socialist Historians Group: New Research in Socialist History
Saturday May 6, 2000
Institute of Historical Research, London
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New Tables of Contents/ Abstracts

First Monday: Peer Reviewed Journal on the Internet (full-text)
Vol. 4 No. 11 (November 1, 1999)

Critical Social Policy: A Journal of Theory and Practice in Social Welfare (table of contents, abstracts)
Vol. 19 No. 4 (November 1999)

The English Historical Review (table of contents)
Vol. 114 No. 459 (November 1999)

International Journal of Cultural Property (table of contents, full-text) [.pdf]
Vol. 8 No. 2

Archaeology Magazine (table of contents, abstracts, some full-text articles)
Vol. 52 No. 6 (November/December 1999)
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Job Guides/ Funding

H-Net Job Guide

The Chronicle of Higher Education Job Openings
Social Science

Academic Employment Network (By State)

American College Personnel Association: ACPA Ongoing Placement Listings
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New Data

Report on the American Workforce, 1999 [.pdf, 1037K]
The US Department of Labor has issued its annual report on the American workforce. This year's edition concentrates on workplace responses to an increasingly competitive global market, the central role of improved skills for all workers, and the current state of the balance of work and family. The report consists of four chapters, each of the first three analyzing one of the aforementioned issues, the last offering a compendium of data upon which the analyses are based. [DC]
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Data and Program Library Service: Political Elites In Mexico, 1900-1971
The Online Data Archive of the Data and Program Library Service (DPLS) at the University of Wisconsin recently posted this demographic data report detailing the backgrounds of major political office holders in Mexico. "The data file contains information on the political office holder's sex, birthplace, profession/occupations, military service, data and place of birth and death, father's occupation, education, travel abroad, intellectual activities, political affiliation, political offices held and length of stay, activity during the revolution of 1910-1020, geographical entity represented, and memberships in political and other organizations." [DC]
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Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ): Attacks on the Press, 1998
This annual report of the CPJ documents worldwide physical and political abuses of journalists. The report provides information on journalists murdered or imprisoned; the ten worst offending political leaders; special reports on the treatment of the press in Nigeria, Latin America, Southeast Asia, Algeria, and the Republics of the former Soviet Union; previous annual reports; an annotated listing of germane CPJ publications; a review of the 1998 International Press Freedom Awards; and a discussion of how CPJ investigates and classifies attacks. "The Committee to Protect Journalists is a nonpartisan organization of journalists dedicated to the defense of press freedom around the world." [DC]
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In The News

"Zero tolerance": A Controversial Case in Decatur
1. Decatur Herald & Review Online: Expulsion stories archive
2. Rainbow/PUSH Coalition: Punishment Does Not Fit the Crime
3. Chicago Sun-Times: "The brawl that started it all"
4. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP): School Violence Resources
5. National Governors' Association Report: "Making Schools Safe"
6. Phi Delta Kappan, the Professional Journal for Education: "The Dark Side of Zero Tolerance--Can Punishment Lead to Safe Schools?"
7. Keep Schools Safe: A Collection of Resources to Help Make Schools Safer
This weekend, an estimated 2,000 people joined Jesse Jackson in a march in Decatur, Illinois to protest the year-long suspension of six African-American students at Eisenhower High for their participation in a fight on September 17 at a school football game. Initially, the local school board, citing the district's "zero tolerance" for school violence policy, had expelled seven students for two years -- one of whom subsequently withdrew. After the intervention of Jesse Jackson, community protests, and a visit by Illinois governor Ryan, the board agreed to a one-year suspension, but Jackson and supporters are pushing for a program that includes the possibility of the six students returning to Eisenhower with the start of the Spring semester. The controversy has highlighted both racial tensions and questions about the wisdom of zero tolerance policies schools have enacted in the wake of school shooting tragedies such as the one in Littleton, Colorado last spring. A publicly released video tape of the fight -- apparently not yet online -- generated highly conflicting views of the ferocity of the violence. Jackson and others saw it as presenting nothing more than a "typical school fight." The school board and supporters claim it documents "mob action" and "gang violence." Despite much posturing by both Rev. Jackson and the members of the board, a compromise, brokered by State Schools Superintendent Glenn McGee, is under consideration.

Decatur Herald & Review Online (1) provides an archive of all local stories from two Decatur dailies relating to the initial incident, expulsion decision, protests, and intervention of the Reverend Jesse Jackson. The Rainbow/PUSH Coalition Website (2) offers a statement by Jesse Jackson detailing the Coalition's reasons for opposition to the two-year expulsion and offering the details of a proposed alternative response. The Sun-Times(3) reports on the original fight on September 17 at Eisenhower High School, including descriptions of the character of the fighting from eyewitnesses. The Justice Department's OJJDP (4) provides an extensive listing of reports, studies, news briefs, recommendations, and the like relating to data and policy recommendations regarding school violence. The National Governors' Association report, "Making Schools Safe" (5), details the problem of school violence and proposes solutions, emphasizing new research that supposedly provides early identification of potential student risks. This scholarly article (6) questions the value of indiscriminate zero tolerance policies. Keep Schools Safe (7), a site sponsored by the National Association of Attorney Generals and the National School Boards Association, offers resources and advice to educators, parents, and teachers on issues of school safety and prevention of violence. [DC]
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences is published every other Tuesday by the Internet Scout Project, located in the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Department of Computer Sciences.

Susan Calcari
Rachael E. Bower
David Charbonneau
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Paul M Schwartz
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Copyright Susan Calcari and the University of Wisconsin Board of Regents, 1994-1999. The Internet Scout Project (, located in the Computer Sciences Department of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, provides information about the Internet to the U.S. research and education community under a grant from the National Science Foundation, number NCR-9712163. The Government has certain rights in this material. Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of the entire Scout Report provided this paragraph, including the copyright notice, are preserved on all copies.

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