The Scout Report for Social Sciences - November 30, 1999

November 30, 1999

A Publication of the Internet Scout Project
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The target audience of the new Scout Report for Social Sciences is faculty, students, staff, and librarians in the social sciences. Each biweekly issue offers a selective collection of Internet resources covering topics in the field that have been chosen by librarians and content specialists in the given area of study.

The Scout Report for Social Sciences is also provided via email once every two weeks. Subscription information is included at the bottom of each issue.

In This Issue


Learning Resources

Current Awareness

New Data

In The News


Information Technology: Its Impact on Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology -- NSF
.pdf version (287K):
This 1998 National Science Foundation (NSF) report is the fruit of a conference that was convened by NSF's Division of Undergraduate Education (DUE) to discuss the use of Information Technology (IT) for undergraduates in the hard sciences. After considering the explosion in both communication and computer technologies that has made IT so much more prevalent in undergraduate education, the report offers recommendations for ways to improve the use and integration of IT into standard curriculum. The consensus of the conference participants includes "a renewed call to change an academic culture that views research on education and the use of education technology as incidental or secondary to more traditional avenues of research." [DC]
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Public Agenda Online: On Thin Ice -- Public Opinion on the School Vouchers Debate
Web Summary:
Full Report (.pdf version):
[Note: Resource(s)/URL(s) mentioned above is no longer available.] (PDF Report)
Public Agenda Online (see the February 26, 1999 Scout Report) has posted the most comprehensive survey data on Americans's opinions about the ongoing debate over public funding of private schools. On Thin Ice presents six key findings with data drawn from focus groups, mail, and telephone surveys. Among the findings are the conclusion that few Americans are currently familiar with the fundamental concepts involved in this debate, such as vouchers and charter schools; and that most Americans favor reform but, pace some school choice advocates, do not regard vouchers as a panacea. The substantial Web summary offers an overview of these six findings as well as graphs and pie charts detailing the survey results. The complete survey data can be accessed online in .pdf format for free until December 2nd. A no-fee registration is required. [DC]
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Kids & Media @ The New Millennium
Table of Contents:
Press Release:
Report (.pdf):
Appendices (.pdf):
Released this month by the Kaiser Family Foundation, this booklength study touts itself as "one of the most comprehensive national public studies ever conducted of young people's media use." The study, "based on a nationally representative sample of more than 3,000 children ages 2 -18, shows how much time kids spend watching TV and movies, using computers, playing video games, listening to music, and reading." The report also examines the extent and nature of parental oversight, how children use media, and whether new media are replacing traditional ones for the nation's young people. One of the more sensational findings: "the typical American child spends an average of more than 38 hours a week - nearly five and a half hours a day - consuming media outside of school." [DC]
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Perspectives on Crime and Justice: 1998-1999 Lecture Series -- NIJ [.pdf, 202K]
ASCII Text (missing figures, charts, and tables):
The Department of Justice placed online this month the complete text of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) 1998-1999 lecture series. This year's collection includes papers by Max Kleinman on "getting deterrence right," Felton Earls on "the importance of men and fathers in socializing children and building the community," and Sissela Bok on the media's influence in shaping the public perception of crime and the institutional response to it. This publication represents the third in a series of lectures sponsored by the NIJ and "intended to bring new perspectives to policy discussions." [DC]
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Social and Economic Implications of Information Technologies: A Bibliographic Database Pilot Project
This pilot site from SRI International's Science and Technology Policy Program with support from the National Science Foundation Division of Science Resources Studies contains over 4,000 citations of "data sets, research papers, books, and web sites about the social and economic implications of information, communications, and computational technologies (IT)." These citations are organized in searchable listings called Road Maps, with categories such as Education, Government, Science, Globalization, and Employment and work, among others. Approximately one-third of the citations in the database have abstracts, and the majority appear to offer a link to the site or document. Also, citations on IT in the home have been specially annotated and collected on the IT in the Home project page. Directions for using the Road Maps Database is available from the main page as well as at the start page of each of the individual Road Maps. [MD]
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Factbook on Intelligence -- CIA
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has recently placed an updated version of its Factbook on Intelligence online. Essentially a brief history and guide to the CIA, the Factbook is navigated by chapter via a menu bar/ table of contents. The document covers key dates and the founding of the agency, Directors and Deputy Directors, the duties and responsibilities of the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI), legislative and executive oversight of intelligence, CIA medals, and a brief overview of American intelligence before World War II. While quite brief and somewhat basic, the Factbook offers a solid introduction to America's intelligence services. [MD]
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Learning Resources

The Capitol Project
This metasite from the University of Virginia American Studies Program uses the physical presence of the Capitol building in the Washington, DC area as an organizing principle for over 80 sites dealing with American history, government, and culture. Visitors can take a virtual tour of the Capitol, examining its architecture and detailing while linking with sites that offer thorough narratives of the history behind both the building itself and the events represented in its art and architecture. Users can also click on the Mall icon or a map of the nation to access sites such as the Arlington National Cemetery; The Holocaust Memorial Museum: An Analysis; Crossing the River: Race, Geography, and the Federal Government in Anacostia; and Puck: Politics and Satire in the Gilded Age. Those with specific interests can use the site and graphic indexes to quickly locate materials relevant to their study, or they can avail themselves of the on-site search engine. The educational opportunities provided by such a Website seem limited only by the creativity of students and their teachers. [DC]
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The Golden Crescent: Crossroads of Florida and Georgia
Developed by the National Park Service, this site explores the geography and history of "the Golden Crescent," a wide swath of land "along the Atlantic Coast from Savannah to Cape Canaveral and inland towards Tallahassee." The site provides discussion of several "cultural themes" of particular significance to the region, including the mounds and rings left on the landscape by prehistoric peoples, the struggle between colonial empires for control of the territory, the role of Plantation Agriculture, the impact and history of African-Americans, and the region's history as a resort for wealthy tycoons of the gilded age. A Map Room also allows users to locate and read brief descriptions, including travel information, of the National Park sites that coincide with these themes. [DC]
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Shakespeare's Globe [QuickTime]
Dedicated to the remarkable resurrection of the Globe Theatre completed in 1997, this site, sponsored by the University of Reading in the UK, provides history and background on both the original Globe and its reconstruction. Visitors can take a virtual tour of the Globe Theatre in stills or a virtual reality tour of the Globe while still under construction. In the former tour, clicking on various features of the new Globe, including its stage, brings up essays replete with photographs and hypertext discussing the dramaturgical uses of each element of the structure. A timeline details the history of the original Globe (rebuilt once in Shakespeare's time due to a fire) and its reconstruction some 350 years after it was torn down to build tenements in 1644. The site also provides links to other Shakespeare sites on the Web. [DC]
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Teaching Indigenous Languages
This site offers a wealth of materials relating to the anthropological, educational, and political issues involved with the teaching of Indigenous Languages. The best feature is the online full-texts of recently published scholarly studies and collections devoted to the subject. These texts include Revitalizing Indigenous Languages (1999), Teaching Indigenous Languages (1997), and Stabilizing Indigenous Languages (1996). The site also offers reprints of scholarly articles on such topics as American Indian language policy, models for teaching and maintaining indigenous languages, selected columns (1990-1999) from NABE (National Association for Bilingual Education) News, and quite a bit more. Many of the texts feature hyperlinks, and a site search engine is provided. Finally, an extensive, occasionally annotated list of links to Bilingual, American Indian, Indigenous Languages, and Literacy/ Reading sites is also posted. Jon Reyhner, an associate professor of bilingual and multicultural education at Northern Arizona University, maintains the site. [DC]
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Frontline: Apocalypse! The evolution of apocalyptic belief and how it shaped the western world.
This companion site to PBS's Frontline special, "Apocalypse!" continues in the direction established by the extraordinary Website (and Frontline special) "From Jesus to Christ: The First Christians" (see the April 10, 1998 Scout Report). Apocalypse! features an extended section on apocalypticism, which ranges from the expectations of the early believers, to the Crusaders of the middle ages, to various New World imaginings of the end (and America's pivotal role in it). The site's pictorial chronology offers a series of artistic renderings of the apocalypse throughout western history; a report on the rise of the Antichrist as a central figure in end time scenarios; a complete text of the Book of Revelation; and a roundtable discussion in which "scholars assess apocalypticism and the American psyche" as well as "what happens after the year 2000." The Website also links to information about primary texts in apocalyptic studies and to video clips from the broadcast of Apocalypse! which began on PBS stations last week. [DC]
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Cambridge International Dictionaries Online
Explicitly designed for the International or second-language speaker, this site allows users to search -- but not browse -- Cambridge's Dictionary of American English,International Dictionary of English,International Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs, and International Dictionary of Idioms. Entries have value-added, second-language instructional items such as the identification of "false friends" (i.e., false cognates), simple codes that "demonstrate all the important grammatical patterns of a word," and a limited defining vocabulary that minimizes the need for students to look up the definition of a definition. Both the phrasal verb dictionary and the dictionary of idioms will be helpful to ESL students as the search engine returns a number of similarly worded entries to a student's possibly imprecise query. Note: users cannot search all four volumes at once, and we found the International Dictionary more helpful than the Dictionary of American English for basic definitions and breadth of coverage. [DC]
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G. Robert Vincent Voice Library
Maintained by the Michigan State University Libraries, this site offers selections from the largest academic voice library in the nation. Unfortunately, the site offers only a fraction of the library's more than 50,000 voices ranging over 100 years. Still, users can access excerpts from the speeches of over a dozen presidents, including Warren G. Harding coining the phrase "America First," Theodore Roosevelt pronouncing on "why the bosses oppose the progressive party," and John F. Kennedy publicly discussing the Cuban Missile Crisis. Selections of poems and fiction are also provided from the Michigan Writer's Series. Finally, the Website links to NPR's Lost and Found Sound, a fascinating collection of audio materials from the last century (see the March 26, 1999 Scout Report). [DC]
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Isaac Asimov Home Page
This site is dedicated to Isaac Asimov, who wrote over 500 books in his lifetime. The site features essays and reviews of Asimov's work (particularly, but not exclusively, of his work in science fiction); annotated catalogs, guides, and bibliographies for works by and about Asimov; and links to related sites, including publishers and periodicals with archival materials by the author. Since Asimov published so often on so many different topics, from Shakespeare to science fiction to organic chemistry, such a Website serves as a useful meta-bibliography to his corpus. And for those truly impressed by how astonishingly prolific Asimov was, there is also a graph of his book publishing rates over the course of his career. The site is maintained by Asimov enthusiast Edward Seiler. [DC]
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Current Awareness
(For links to additional current awareness on tables of contents, abstracts, preprints, new books, data, conferences, etc., visit the The Scout Report for Social Sciences Current Awareness Metapage:
The Wall Street Journal calls "the number one aviation-safety resource on the net." In addition to offering ongoing coverage of current investigations, including that of EgyptAir Flight 990, the site provides links to full-text accident reports for dozens of air disasters over the last 40 years; a news archive of stories on recent airline accidents; eyewitness reports; feature articles by experts on air safety issues; Special Reports by the authors of the Website on particularly complex or illustrative airline failures, such as that of TWA 800 which exploded fifteen minutes after take-off from New York; and for those who have use of such materials, crash photographs and videos. Chris Kilroy, a pilot and student at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, and Darryl Morrell, an amateur historian of air disasters, maintain the site. [DC]
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New Working Papers

Alexander, Jeffrey C. "Race and Civil Repair: Civil Trauma and the Tightening Spiral Of Communication-Regulation" (Chapter ten from a draft of Possibilities of Justice: Civil Society and Its Contradictions by Jeffrey C. Alexander) [.pdf, 172K]

Billar, Francesco C., Piero Manfredi, and Alessandro Valentini. "Macro-Demographic Effects of the Transition to Adulthood: Multistate Stable Population Theory and an Application to Italy" (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research) [.pdf, 180K]

Bonacich, Edna. "Capitalism and the Racialization of Labor:
A Comparison of Slavery and Sweatshops" (The Center for Comparative Social Analysis Workshop) [.pdf, 71K]

Doblhammer, Gabriele, Joseph Lee Rodgers, and Roland Rau. "Seasonality of Birth in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Austria: Steps toward a Unified Theory of Human Reproductive Seasonality" (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research) [.pdf, 425K]

Doblhammer, Gabriele and James W. Vaupel. "Reproductive History and Mortality Later in Life for Austrian Women" (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research) [.pdf, 130K]

Mann, Michael. "Explaining Murderous Ethnic Cleansing" (The Center for Comparative Social Analysis Workshop) [.pdf, 88K]

Nagarajan, Nigel. "The Millennium Round: An Economic Appraisal" (European Commission -- Economic Papers)
Full Text (.pdf, 359K):
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New Think Tank Policy Papers and Briefs

American Enterprise Institute:
Bowman, Karlyn. "Social Security: A Report on Current Polls"

The Cato Institute:
Nadler, Richard. "The Rise of Worker Capitalism" (Cato Policy Analysis No. 359)
Executive Summary:
Full Text [.pdf, 136K]:

Layne, Christopher. "Faulty Justifications and Ominous Prospects: NATO's 'Victory' in Kosovo" (Cato Policy Analysis No. 357)
Executive Summary:
Full Text [.pdf, 96K]:

Olson, William J. and Alan Woll. "Executive Orders and National Emergencies: How Presidents Have Come to 'Run the Country' by Usurping Legislative Power" (Cato Policy Analysis No. 358)
Executive Summary:
Full Text [.pdf, 162K]:

Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation:
Feder, Judith and Sheila Burke. "Options for Expanding Health Insurance Coverage: A Report on a Policy Roundtable"
Full Text [.pdf, 1253K]:

Jerome Levy Economics Institute:
Mayer, Martin. "Risk Reduction in the New Financial Architecture" (Public Policy Brief Highlights)

Papadimitriou, Dimitri B. and L. Randall Wray. "Does Social Security Need Saving?" (Public Policy Brief Highlights)

Prison Activist Resource Center:
Goldberg, Eve and Linda Evans. "The Prison Industrial Complex and the Global Economy"
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New Offerings from Academic Publishers

Association of American University Presses: New Releases

Cambridge University Press

Perseus Books: By Category

Thela Thesis -- Just Published

Oxbow Books -- Publishers of titles on archaeology, classical studies, and medieval studies.
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ACM Digital Libraries '00
The Fifth ACM Conference on Digital Libraries
June 2-7, 2000
San Antonio, Texas

Directions and Implications of Advanced Computing (DIAC) Symposium: Shaping the Network Society -- The Future of the Public Sphere in Cyberspace
May 20-23, 2000
Seattle, Washington

Seventh Annual Stabilizing Indigenous Languages Symposium: Language Across the Community
May 11-14, 2000
Toronto, Canada
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New Tables of Contents/ Abstracts

New JSTOR Title:
Ethics (Continues: International Journal of Ethics)
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Vols. 1-104 (Issue 1), 1890-1993

The Missouri Review (Online edition: full-text of selected articles from print edition and added text from back print issues)
Vol. 22, No. 2

The Progressive Magazine (Online edition: selected text from print version)
November 20, 1999

Contributions to Political Economy (Abstracts, full text)
Vol. 18, No. 1 (1999)

American Literary History
Vol. 11, No. 4: Winter 1999
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Job Guides/ Funding

H-Net Job Guide

The Chronicle of Higher Education Job Openings
Social Science

Jobs in Higher Education

US Census Bureau: Employment Opportunities
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New Data

The Nation's Report Card: Focus on Civics
Press Release:
Report Card Highlights:
Executive Summary:
Full Report [.pdf, 2144K]:
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) recently released results of their 1998 National Assessment of Civics. The assessment tested over 22,000 students in the fourth, eighth, and twelfth grades using multiple-choice and open-ended questions to assess civics knowledge and skills. The assessment found that "about two-thirds of students at each grade performed at or above the "Basic" level. This means, at grade eight, for example, students can identify the fundamental principles of American democracy; [and] understand that the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights are the sources of these ideas." The report presents the data and analyzes the results in relation to grade level, geography, race, public vs. private institutions, gender, and socioeconomic standing. [DC]
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The State of Food Insecurity in the World 1999
This excellent report from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, The State of Food Insecurity in the World (SOFI), found that, in 1999, 790 million people in the Third World are undernourished, and 34 million in First and Second World nations also do not have enough to eat. Although the number of undernourished people has dropped by 40 million since 1996, a decline of 8 million a year, the world will not be able to meet the 1996 World Food Summit goal of reducing the number of starving people to about 400 million in 2015. This 35-page report is filled with graphically rendered data sets, maps, glossaries of defined terms, and side bars highlighting specific countries and issues. SOFI's presentation conveys the urgency of the issues surrounding the world's food insecurity clearly and concisely. [EM]
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US Census: Historical Census Data on Educational Attainment [.pdf]
As part of an "ongoing effort to publicize more than 500 such demographic documents," the Commerce department placed online this month ten reports originally released between 1973 and 1993 containing "data on educational attainment that were collected yearly in the March supplement to the Current Population Survey (CPS)." The documents provide CPS data on "educational attainment by age, income, sex, family status, state of residence and other characteristics." The .pdf files can be accessed separately for each year from the Census Bureau's Educational Attainment section at the URL above. [DC]
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In The News

Russia Escalates Chechen War, Risks Reprisals from the West
1. "West increases pressure on Russia to halt Chechen war"
2. "Russia launches new phase of Chechnya operation"
3. "Russians Bombard Chechen Capital"
4. The Center for Defense Information: Crisis in North Caucasus
5. Russia Advances on Grozny
6. Institute for War and Peace Reporting: Russo-Georgian War of Words Escalates over Border
7. Chechen Republic Online
8. Chechnya (Chechen Republic) Maps
9. Chechen (Ichkeria) -- Internet Resources
Late last week, Russian forces launched a massive bombardment of the Chechen capital, inaugurating a new offensive using more high-powered artillery than had been previously employed in the conflict. Chances for a peaceful resolution diminished earlier this month when Yeltsin rejected appeals from Western leaders to find a political settlement to the strife. Yeltsin and Russian officials insist that they are fighting Muslim terrorists, while Western leaders point to collateral damage of Chechen civilians and the mass exodus of over 200,000 Chechen refugees in recent months. Meanwhile, the situation is sure to be the primary subject of talks begun yesterday between Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov and Knut Vollebaek, chairman of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). Recently, the head of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) suggested that Russia's actions in Chechen could affect the release of the IMF's next loan installment of 630 million dollars to Moscow. Russia has reacted with outrage to the proposal of such a linkage. The conflict has also worsened Russia's relations with its neighbor Georgia as officials accuse the Georgian government of allowing the movement of rebel troops and supplies back and forth across their mountainous border with Chechnya. Georgia steadfastly denies any collusion with the rebels.

CNN (1), (2) and The Washington Post(3) report on the latest developments in the conflict. The Center for Defense Information (4) offers a detailed timeline of key events over the last four months as well as background information on the roots of the conflict and links to relevant Websites. The online news service (5) offers special commentary and reports as well as a map showing the disposition of Russian troops as they moved on Grozny last month. This report from the Institute for War and Peace Reporting (6) details Russia's increasingly insistent allegations that Georgia is aiding the Chechen rebels and Georgia's equally insistent, and apparently largely credible, denials of such aid. Monitored by the government of the Chechen Republic, this site (7) offers a wealth of information about the people, history, and geography of Chechnya, including archives of news stories about the conflicts with Russia. The University of Texas at Austin makes available CIA maps (complete with topographical details) of Chechnya, Grozny, and the surrounding regions (8). The Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University offers a directory of Internet resources (9) on Chechen history and culture. [DC]
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences is published every other Tuesday by the Internet Scout Project, located in the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Department of Computer Sciences.

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