The Scout Report for Social Sciences - January 11, 2000

January 11, 2000

A Publication of the Internet Scout Project
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The target audience of the new Scout Report for Social Sciences is faculty, students, staff, and librarians in the social sciences. Each biweekly issue offers a selective collection of Internet resources covering topics in the field that have been chosen by librarians and content specialists in the given area of study.

The Scout Report for Social Sciences is also provided via email once every two weeks. Subscription information is included at the bottom of each issue.

In This Issue


Learning Resources

Current Awareness

New Data

In The News


WERS98 Data Dissemination Service
This Website, brought online last month, is designed to help users with access to and analysis of data from the 1998 Workplace Employee Relations Survey (WERS98) of Great Britain. WERS maps the patterns of employment relations practice in Britain, monitors changes in such practices over time, and provides assessments of the effects of public policy. In addition to providing a link to the raw data from WERS at the University of Essex, the Data Dissemination site offers copies of the surveys and interview scripts from WERS, an Introductory Guide to the Analysis of WERS98, data tabulations, a list of related publications and links, and access to a WERS user group, allowing teachers, students, and researchers to exchange information concerning data analysis. The site is funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). [DC]
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Two from Internet Resources:
Twentieth-century Authors
Russian studies
College and Research Library News has posted these two new annotated directories to aid students and researchers working in Russian studies or with English literature of the twentieth century. The former casts a wide net over English and Cyrillic sites in Russian studies, offering a sampling of search engines, news media, meta-indexes, online publications, academic research, and subject-specific sites, just to name a few. The Twentieth-century Authors site focuses on major English-language writers, offering mainly "biographical and bibliographic information, with some information on literary criticism." [DC]
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CIA Publication: At Cold War's End: US Intelligence on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, 1989-1991
This text gives an intelligence history of the last years of the Soviet Empire. In November, the Center for the Study of Intelligence (CIS) prepared this compendium for a conference on the end of the cold war held at the Texas A&M University campus. The text offers an historical narrative of the US perspective on the rapidly developing events in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union during this time, followed by an extensive online volume of intelligence documents created during the Soviet collapse. According to the preface, the declassification of such documents so soon after their initial composition is unusual and evidences the CIA's new policy of "greater openness." [DC]
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LD Online: Learning Disabilities Information and Resources
Billing itself as "an interactive guide to learning disabilities for parents, teachers, and children," this site presents a wealth of information on the various types of learning disabilities and their treatments. The site manages to serve its diverse audience well. Newcomers to LD issues will find the "ABC's of LD/ADD" clear and informative, while those with more experience and interest in research will appreciate the annotated, subject-indexed directory of LD resources on the Web as well as the weekly research updates, detailing new research from experts in the field. In addition, the KidZone features interactive components designed to help empower students with LD to communicate their needs to parents and teachers. There are also discussion lists, a site search, an "LD Store," and extensive listings of state and national agencies and organizations where individuals can help and get further information. [DC]
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Library Consortium Management: An International Journal
This new online journal from MCB University Press is devoted to professional issues in library consortia use and management. It currently is available on a free trial basis for a few more weeks. Articles in the current issue (no. 3/4) include "Use Levels and New Models for Consortial Purchasing of Electronic Journals," "Distributed Processing and Windows NT: the Ideal Infrastructure for Library Consortia," and "The Development of Library Client Service Programs and the Role of Library Consortia," as well as columns on related consortium issues. Users are encouraged to provide feedback to the editors on the discussion list available from a link on the homepage. [DC]
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"Roadside Architecture in 1950s America: Reflections of a Society"
This online essay by a Kenyon college student offers a well-written and substantive discussion of how the advent of the Interstate Highway system in the 1950s and the attendant proliferation of roadside architecture and advertising reflected and shaped American ideology. The essay, replete with numerous graphic representations, discusses the pre- and post-Interstate Highway systems, billboards, gas stations, diners, motels and popular travel destinations, Levittown, Dixie Highway, and Interstate 75. Balancing detail and generalization, "Roadside Architecture" uncovers the cultural values hiding in plain sight along the streamlined byways of the Eisenhower era. [DC]
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Learning Resources Resources for Translation Professionals
Looking for a glossary of cigar terms, a Danish-Japanese dictionary, or a collection of Cree language lessons? is the place to go. Hosting an impressive and actively maintained collection of tools for translation professionals, is the work of Robert Altenburg and Dyran Maldonado. The site's features are too numerous to give an exhaustive list here. In the Dictionaries, Glossaries and Word Lists, and Grammar and Idioms sections, users will find links to a range of off-site reference materials. Currently, features approximately 1,600 glossaries and more than 60 online grammars. Other sections of the site -- Jobs and Forums, Calendar of Events, and Essays -- focus on information about translation itself, professional opportunities, and related issues. xlation also links to resources on Computer Assisted and Machine Translation, Mailing Lists, and more. As an added bonus, the front page offers a quote, site, and piece of trivia for each day. [TK]
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Chronology on the History of Slavery
This chronology is part of the Help Save the Holt House Website, a community activist organization dedicated to the recovery and preservation of possible slave remains and archaeological evidence at the historic Holt House on grounds now supervised (and closed off) by the Smithsonian. Offering detailed information about key events in the history of slavery spanning from 1619 to the Emancipation Proclamation, the timeline supplies more substantive information than most. For the most part, the material has been gleaned from academic sources to which the site offers direct links. A discussion list on the history of slavery is also available via a link to the Holt House Website. [DC]
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Education World: Best of 1999
This month, Education World, a prime distributor of free K-12 educational materials on the Web, offers its annual "best of" series, collected from the previous twelve months's lesson plans, curriculum articles, book reviews, Website reviews, and other educational aids. There are ten links per series, and the top five offer summary annotations for quick browsing. [DC]
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US Census in Schools: Making Sense of Census 2000 [.pdf]
The US Census has developed this Website to facilitate K-12 teachers and students in using the Census to learn about map literacy, community involvement, and managing data. Approaching the Census as an opportunity to learn both civics and basic skills, the site offers detailed, well-thought out lessons engaging students with the processes involved in designing, collecting, and understanding the Census. Particular emphasis is given to having students identify their "places" (and those of their communities) in the data map of the nation the census creates. Note: all files are in .pdf format and take some time to peruse as there are no sidebar tables of contents. [DC]
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Jewish-American History on the Web
"Dedicated to 19th Century Jewish-American history, poetry and fiction, polemics and philosophy," this site provides an omnibus of historical materials relating to Jewish contributions to nineteenth-century American history with an emphasis upon the settlement of the West and the Civil War. Primary documents here include letters, memoirs, and slavery polemics of both Union and Confederate Jewish-Americans; the full-length chronicles of a Jewish-American artist's journey with Col. Fremont's Last Expedition "across the Rocky Mountains; including three months' residence in Utah, and a perilous trip across the Great American Desert to the Pacific;" and more. There are also secondary materials including book reviews of recent historical monographs on the history of the theological struggles between factions in the Jewish-American faith and articles detailing the lives of prominent Jewish-Americans of the time. An independent amateur historian maintains the site, and not all materials are as well introduced or contextualized as others. But for the interested user, it's that mythical chest in the attic -- full of items, some useless, others invaluable. [DC]
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John Milton Reading Room
A collaborative project between Thomas Luxon, associate professor of English at Dartmouth College, and his students, the Milton Reading Room offers most of Milton's major poetry in English, including Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained, "On the Morning of Christ's Nativity," Samson Agonistes, and "Lycidas;" and selected major prose works, including Areopagitica,The Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce,Of Education, and The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates. The texts include framed annotations that link to reference materials, such as sources of literary allusions and historical background, as well as gloss archaic words or uses. Researchers in Milton studies will find the extensive bibliography of recent secondary literature especially helpful. [DC]
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Tete a tete: Portraits by Henri Cartier-Bresson
This National Portrait Gallery exhibit celebrates the work of the photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson, who coined the term "decisive moment" to refer to that sort of portrait photography that seemed at once candid and deeply expressive of the subject's essential self. The accompanying narration for the exhibit is enlightening as to Cartier-Bresson's place in the history of photography, and the posted photographs of charismatic people like Coco Chanel, Truman Capote, William Faulkner, and Alexander Calder bear out his claim to fame. One might wish, however, that the Gallery had chosen to post more than the modest seven portraits offered here. [DC]
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The American Experience: Eleanor Roosevelt
This PBS companion site to the film biography -- to be broadcast this month -- of America's most famous first lady offers supplemental information and learning resources, including biographical information on Eleanor and Franklin Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt, Louis Howe, Marian Anderson, and J. Edgar Hoover; historical background on the Progressive Movement, the battle for suffrage, and the Detroit Race Riots of 1943; and a timeline and maps relating to Roosevelt's life and journeys as first lady and social reformer. The Teacher's Guide provides some discussion-starter questions for use before and after viewing the film, and in this section, users will also find several activities that focus students on different aspects of Roosevelt's life and contributions to history. [DC]
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Expeditions: 150 Years of Smithsonian Research in Latin America [Shockwave]
This site celebrates the work of Smithsonian-sponsored expeditions to and research in Latin America and the Caribbean over the last century and a half. The site offers hypertext discussions (including sketches, photographs, and artifacts) of the results of expeditions and the work of their naturalists, such as the International Expedition sponsored by the United States which circumnavigated the globe between 1838 and 1842 and gathered over 40 tons of materials for the Smithsonian's natural history collections, much of it from Latin America. The site discusses archaeological materials found in Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central and South America, emphasizing the enterprise and collaboration of naturalists between governments and within the United States, but giving little attention, it seems to us, to the possible colonial implications of this history of prodigious collecting in other lands. [DC]
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Current Awareness
(For links to additional current awareness on tables of contents, abstracts, preprints, new books, data, conferences, etc., visit the The Scout Report for Social Sciences Current Awareness Metapage:

New Working Papers

Gustavsson, Sverker. "Reconciling Suprastatism and Democratic Accountability" [.rtf also available]

Lee, Ian B. "In Search of a Theory of State Liability in the European Union" [.rtf also available]

Lichter, Daniel T. and Deborah Roempke Graefe. "Finding A Mate?: The Marital and Cohabitation Histories of Unwed Mothers" [.pdf, 94K]

Schotter, Andrew and Barry Sopher. "Social Learning And Coordination Conventions In Inter-Generational Games: An Experiment In Lamarckian Evolutionary Dynamics" [.pdf, 226K]

Shaw, Jo and Antje Wiener. "The Paradox of the 'European Polity'" [.rtf also available]

Walker, Neil. "Flexibility within a Metaconstitutional Frame: Reflections on the future of legal authority in Europe" [.rtf also available]

Western, Bruce and Becky Pettit. "Black-White Earnings Inequality: Employment Rates, and Incarceration" [.pdf, 287K]
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New Think Tank Policy Papers and Briefs

The Commonwealth Fund:
Anderson, Gerard F. and Peter S. Hussey. "Health and Population Aging: A Multinational Comparison"

Davis, Karen and Susan Raetzman. "Meeting Future Health And Long-Term Care Needs Of An Aging Population"

Fagnani, Lynne and Jennifer Tolbert. "The Dependence Of Safety Net Hospitals And Health Systems On The Medicare And Medicaid Disproportionate Share Hospital Payment Programs"

Hoover Institution:
McQuillan, Lawrence J. "The Case Against the International Monetary Fund" (Hoover Essays in Public Policy)

Sowell, Thomas. "Race, Culture, and Equality" (Hoover Essays)

Population Studies Center (University of Michigan):
Friedman, Jed et al. "Work and Retirement among the Elderly in Vietnam" (PSC Research Report No. 99-442) [.pdf, 171K]

VanLandingham, Mark. "The Impacts of HIV/AIDS on Older Populations in Developing Countries: Some Observations based upon the Thai Case" (PSC Research Report No. 99-441) [.pdf, 77K]

The Jerome Levy Economics Institute:
Cadette, Walter M. "Social Security Privatization: A Bad Idea" (Policy Notes)
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New Offerings from Academic Publishers

Association of American University Presses: New Releases

Michigan State University Press Online -- New Releases

Cambridge University Press

Perseus Books: By Category

Thela Thesis -- Just Published

Oxbow Books -- Publishers of titles on archaeology, classical studies, and medieval studies.
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Sixteenth Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning
August 2-4, 2000
Madison, Wisconsin

Shaping the Network Society: The Future of the Public Sphere in Cyberspace
May 20-23, 2000
Seattle, Washington

Eighteenth General International Peace Research Association (IPRA) Conference: Challenges for Peace Research in the 21st Century. A Dialogue of Civilizations
August 5-9, 2000
Tampere, Finland

Common Bond Institute: Eighth Annual International Conference
On Conflict Resolution: Sharing Tools for Personal/ Global Harmony
May 11-21, 2000
St. Petersburg, Russia
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New Tables of Contents/ Abstracts

Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice (abstracts, full-text)
Volume 6, Issue 4 (Winter 1999)

The China Quarterly (table of contents, abstracts)
Volume 160, Issue 1 (December 1999)

International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching (table of contents, abstracts)
Volume 37, Issue 4 (November 1999)

Screen (table of contents only)
Volume 40, Issue 4 (Winter 1999)

Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education (table of contents only)
Volume 2, Issue 3 (1999)
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Job Guides/ Funding

H-Net Job Guide

The Chronicle of Higher Education Job Openings
Social Science

Academic Employment Network (By State)

American College Personnel Association: ACPA Ongoing Placement Listings
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New Data

Digital Atlases from the Electronic Map Library
The Electronic Map Library at the California Geographical Survey (see the March 24, 1998 Scout Report) has added the regions of Chicago and Cook County, Honolulu and Oahu, and Seattle, Washington and vicinity to its collection of digital atlases in the continuing American Cities Atlas Project. The maps provide distribution data on Population and Race, Ancestry and Nationality, Income and Poverty, and Adult Educational Attainment. [DC]
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Capital Punishment 1998
The US Department of Justice has released statistics detailing the characteristics of people under the sentence of death as of December 31, 1998. In addition to summarizing the movement of prisoners into and out of death sentence status during 1998, the report provides "data on offenders' gender, race, Hispanic origin, education, marital status, age at time of arrest for capital offense, legal status at time of capital offense, methods of execution, trends, and time between imposition of death sentence and execution." The report also offers preliminary data on executions in 1999 and historical data on executions since 1930 as well as sentencing since 1973. [DC]
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In The News

Security Council Addresses AIDS in Africa
1. Yahoo!News: "U.N. Debates AIDS Threat in Africa"
2. Boston Globe: "On AIDS and A Vision for Security in the Troubled Regions of Africa"
3. "Gore To Announce Administration Push To Fight AIDS In Africa"
4. Boston Globe: "A Continent's Crisis: AIDS and the African" (Special Report)
5. The Village Voice: "AIDS -- The Agony of Africa"
6. UNAIDS: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
7. MSNBC: Aids in Africa (Slide Presentation)
8. AIDSLink South Africa
9. "Uganda's successful anti-AIDS program targets youth"
On Monday, Vice President Al Gore opened the first UN Security Council of the new century with the announcement of US intentions to focus the council's agenda for the next week on the AIDS epidemic in Africa. Part of a larger focus on Africa in general for the month-long tenure of the US chairship, this announcement marks the first time the Security Council has taken up a major world health crisis. Usually, such an issue is handled by the World Health Organization with the Security Council restricting itself to matters of international relations and politics. Ambassador Richard Holbrooke justifies such a departure from tradition by pointing out that last year the AIDS epidemic killed ten times as many as armed conflict in Africa (2,000,000 deaths from AIDS vs. 200,000 deaths in combat). In several African nations, one in four individuals are infected. In addition, 10,000,000 children have been orphaned by the epidemic on a continent where social support systems are often inadequate; and in some cities, as many as 40 percent of all adults have HIV. The administration hopes that such a bold move will help bring renewed attention to the crisis and break down the taboo against acknowledging a disease that Peter Piot, the director of UNAIDS, believes has the "potential to destabilize the whole continent."

Yahoo!News (via the Associated Press) (1) and the Boston Globe(2) summarize the Security Council agenda for this month. CNN reports on the administration's choice of Vice-President Gore to open the Security Council session (3). The Boston Globe's four-part report (4) provides substantial background on the African AIDS crisis, including statistics, in-depth personal coverage, and analysis of the political and cultural obstacles to remedying the situation. The Village Voice offers an eight-part series (5) on the crisis that covers some of the same territory as the Globe's report, but also goes into more detail on some of the cultural consequences of the epidemic. UNAIDS (6) provides reports, data, and updates on the World AIDS campaign. A new report on children orphaned by AIDS in Africa is also posted here (see the December 10, 1999 Scout Report). MSNBC (7) features captioned photographs that graphically detail the individual suffering caused by the epidemic. AIDSLink South Africa (8) tries to diminish that suffering by supporting "indigent communities affected by AIDS, through financial grants, counseling, legal support and advice, and skill building workshops." Last fall, CNN ran a story chronicling successful anti-AIDS efforts in Uganda (9)--a source of hope. [DC]
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