The Scout Report for Social Sciences - January 25, 2000

January 25, 2000

A Publication of the Internet Scout Project
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The target audience of the new Scout Report for Social Sciences is faculty, students, staff, and librarians in the social sciences. Each biweekly issue offers a selective collection of Internet resources covering topics in the field that have been chosen by librarians and content specialists in the given area of study.

The Scout Report for Social Sciences is also provided via email once every two weeks. Subscription information is included at the bottom of each issue.

In This Issue


Learning Resources

Current Awareness

New Data

In The News


ESRC: Resource Guide to the Social Sciences
The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) of the United Kingdom have funded this newly posted Resource Guide to the Social Sciences. This directory provides annotated links to sites sorted by subject matter, including Bibliographic, reference and research information; Publications Online; Subject gateways; Data services; Datasets; Data Visualization; Software services and support for data processing; Images, moving pictures and sound; and Learning and Teaching Support Services. Annotations include a description of the site, the URL, and the terms of access. By no means exhaustive, the Guide instead focuses on those main Web sources students or researchers in social sciences will find most useful. [DC]
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UN Report on the Outcome of the World Summit for Social Development [.pdf]
Part One [.pdf, 102K]:
Wordperfect format:
Part Two [.pdf, 658K]:
Wordperfect format:
Published last month in preliminary form, this comprehensive report by the UN Secretary-General provides an assessment of progress on the international social development goals outlined at the World Summit for Social Development (WSSD) held in 1995 in Copenhagen (see the February 3, 1995 Scout Report). Collating and analyzing national reports from over 74 nations, the report examines specific national policies aimed at social development, depicts "the scope of regional and international cooperation in this area," presents "a series of regional overviews and analyses" that assess progress in the implementation of the WSSD goals, and analyzes eleven cross-cutting issues arising from the national reports as well as global and regional trends. [DC]
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Pan American Health Organization: Country Health Profiles and _Health
of the Americas, 1998_ [.pdf]
This site from the Pan American Health Organization (see the September 8, 1995 Scout Report) offers data and analysis on health and related sociological factors in the nations of the Americas. Users can click on the country of their choice via a map or list to access statistics on demographics, socioeconomic data, health risk factors, health care access, and mortality rates as well as an analysis of these and other data. Also available from this site is the text of Health in the Americas, a quadrennial publication that exhaustively "assesses the evolving health situation of the Americas-diseases, services, resources-at the regional and country levels" (free registration required). [DC]
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Library of Congress: Country Studies [.pdf]
This online series of books prepared by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress presently contains studies of 100 countries. Each study has been prepared by a "multidisciplinary team of social scientists" and offers a textbook-like portrayal of the beliefs, values, institutions, geography, politics, and economics of each country. Texts include photographs, tables, glossaries, maps, and bibliographies and are dated to indicate the timeliness of the research. Most volumes were written in a timeframe spanning the late 1980s to the present, with recent volumes marked as "new." [DC]
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National Opinion Research Center: "The Emerging 21st Century Family"
Press Release:
Full report [.pdf, 150K]:
This report from the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago uses survey data from the Center's 1972-1998 General Social Surveys (GSSs) and its cross-national component, the International Social Survey Program (ISSP), to assess changes in the structure and attitudes of the American family. The report provides some startling data on the changing composition of US households. For instance, in 1972, married couples with children were the most common household arrangement (45 percent); in 1998, only 26 percent of homes were so constituted. The study also found the emergence of a new socioeconomic-based differential in the choice of marriage among the middle and working classes. While data from the seventies show a comparable number of couples from both sectors choosing marriage, data from the 1990s indicated that "78 percent of middle-class adults were married, as opposed to 62 percent of working-class adults." [DC]
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EconData.Net: "Socioeconomic Data for Economic Development -- An Assessment"
This report, prepared for the US Department of Commerce, examines the uses of regional socioeconomic data in the United States in order to make suggestions for more efficient use of such data and provide better coordination between the federal agencies that generate such data and the regional organizations, governments, and institutions who employ and interpret it in the formation of public policy. The report was based on surveys of prime users of regional data and identifies about a dozen obstacles to effective, accurate data use and makes recommendations for improvements in the overall federal system of data dissemination. The report is posted by the EconData.Net site (see the October 21, 1999 Scout Report for Business and Economics). [DC]
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Learning Resources

Australian Literature Database: A Collection of 18th, 19th and early 20th century Australian texts
Part of the metasite of the Scholarly Electronic Text and Image Service (SETIS) at the University of Sydney Library, this site allows users to access hundreds of complete texts of literary and historical works written by Australians in the last three centuries. Included here are poems, short stories, novels, reference works, memoirs, historical narratives and documents, and much more. The texts can be browsed or searched with options allowing users to search or limit searches by date, publisher, author, title, genre, gender of author, or opening lines. A limited number of historically valuable texts are displayed in page image format; the rest are offered in standard .html. Since many of these texts can be difficult for students and researchers not on the southern continent to find, the database is all the more valuable to those doing work in this field. [DC]
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Multnomah County Library Homework Center: Social Issues
"Created to meet the needs of Multnomah County middle and high school students researching current social issues from multiple perspectives," this Website offers an annotated directory to hundreds of Internet sites dealing with over three dozen controversial social issues of our time. Topics include, but are not limited to, Abortion, AIDS, Creationism, Environmental Protection, Flag Burning, Genetic Engineering, Global Warming, Gun Control, Homelessness, Prayer in Schools, Sweatshops, and Welfare Reform. Subject directories are sometimes further broken down into megasites, pro and con sites, legislation, Supreme Court decisions and other pertinent headings. Despite the primary audience of K-12, the materials here would be suitable for college level undergraduate research or general information gathering. The site is part of the Multnomah County Library Homework Center, originating in Portland, Oregon. [DC]
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The American Forum for Global Education
The American Forum for Global Education is a private, nonprofit organization dedicated to "promoting the education of our nation's youth for responsible citizenship in an increasingly interconnected and rapidly changing world." The site provides information about its activities and resource materials relevant to its mission. Educators here can find out more about programs to improve teaching about China in New York public schools and to enhance collaboration between university scholars and teachers in the development of globally-focused curriculum. They can also participate in "The Global Exchange" -- an online forum for teachers to share their experiences on the Internet. The materials section features dozens of planned units on topics in Area Studies & Culture, Global Connections, Global Issues, Conflict & Conflict Resolution, Environment, and International Organizations. Recent examples include units on Literature and the Chinese Diaspora, Democracy as a Value, and Around the World in Ten Days, a ten-day whirlwind unit on major trends in world history. Appropriate grade levels are indicated for each unit, ranging from K-12, but with an emphasis on junior high and high school levels. [DC]
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Documenting the American South: The Southern Homefront -- 1861-1865, Education
Posted as part of the Documenting the American South project (see the April 18, 1997 Scout Report), this Website offers primary documents relating to efforts by the Confederacy to shape its own educational system. The site includes .html versions of period textbooks such as The First Dixie Reader; Designed to Follow the Dixie Primer and First Book in Composition, Applying the Principles of Grammar to the Art of Composing: Also, Giving Full Directions for Punctuation; Especially Designed for the Use of Southern Schools. These texts include online illustrations, frontispieces, and cover pages. There are five complete education texts in all and the text of a bill to provide for the establishment of graded schools in North Carolina. The documents are also available in SGML/TEI file for use with Panorama. Note: when we visited the site, texts loaded very slowly. [DC]
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Inuit and Englishman: The Nunavut Voyages of Martin Frobisher
Sponsored by the Canadian Museum of Civilization, this site explores the voyage of Englishman Martin Frobisher to the New World in his efforts to find the Northwest Passage to Asia. Instead, he found Baffin Bay in the Canadian Northwest and its Inuit natives. The site is rich with both archaeological and historical information gleaned from sites on and near Kodlunarn Island where Frobisher and his men set up camp, and from historical documents held in British museums. Included here are historical and contemporary maps of the area, photographs of the archaeological sites, extracts from the logs of Frobisher and his men, and more. The site's objectivity makes the ironies and injustices that resulted from this encounter of European explorers with native peoples all the more apparent. [DC]
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This highly useful commercial site distinguishes itself from other online reference sources in several ways. First, when users type in a word seeking its definition, the site returns several definitions from different, reputable dictionaries (including, sometimes, foreign language ones), allowing users to compare meanings. Second, the site features a Q/A page where visitors can ask "Dr. Dictionary" questions relating to words and grammar. (Individuals seeking to refresh their memory on the rule of "'I' before 'e' except after 'c,'" or wanting to know the difference between "its" and "it's" will find help here.) Third, and most strikingly, the site features a translation page that will translate anything from a phrase to an entire Webpage from one major European language, including English, to another. There are word games, online foreign dictionaries, and links to writing resources here as well. [DC]
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The American Experience: Nixon's China Game [RealPlayer, QuickTime]
Richard Nixon continues to be a source of fascination as well as intense debate for political scientists and historians. This companion Website to the PBS broadcast this month of "Nixon's China Game" examines what is generally regarded as the main triumph of the Nixon presidency, his opening of relations with China. The site's best feature is an interview with Henry Kissinger -- available in text, audio, and video -- in which he discusses both the geopolitical strategizing and the behind-closed-doors maneuvers at the White House that took place before and during the summit. The site also provides background essays on the main figures on both sides at the summit as well as maps, Nixon's itinerary, interview transcripts, a selected bibliography, an enhanced transcript of the film (available January 31), and a teacher's guide offering suggestions for discussion based on viewing the film. [DC]
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Current Awareness
(For links to additional current awareness on tables of contents, abstracts, preprints, new books, data, conferences, etc., visit the The Scout Report for Social Sciences Current Awareness Metapage:

The Center for Public Integrity: The Buying of the President
Joining the ranks of other fine Websites serving as watchdogs over the 2000 presidential elections campaign, this one from The Center for Public Integrity mirrors data from the just published book The Buying of the President. Drawing primarily on Financial Disclosure Statements available on-site, the Center provides listings of each candidate's assets, the sources of honoraria and travel money, the candidate's top 25 career patrons, and the size and disbursements of his campaign war chest. The site also features information concerning possible candidate violations of campaign laws currently under review by the Federal Election Commission as well as a listing of the top 50 soft money donors to the Democratic and Republican parties. Voters in Iowa and New Hampshire take note. [DC]
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New Working Papers

Caton, Stephen. "'Anger Be Now Thy Song': The Anthropology of An Event" [.pdf, 222K]

Daeumer, Roland. "Self-employment and Wealth Disparities between Black and White Households Approaching Retirement" (Population Research Institute -- Pennsylvania State University) [.pdf, 81K]

Flory, Thomas S. and Nancy J. McDermott. "A Cooperative Mode of Organization for Social Science Computing" (Center for Demography and Ecology)
Full Report [.pdf, 95K]:

Foray, Dominique and Ali Kazancigil. "Science, Economics and Democracy: Selected Issues" (Prepared for the World Conference on Science UNESCO - ICSU; Management of Social Transformations - MOST Discussion Paper No. 42 )

Logan, John Allen, Peter D. Hoff, and Michael A. Newton. "Estimation for the Marriage Model" (Center for Demography and Ecology)
Full Report [.pdf, 211K]:

Post, David and Amy Stambach. "District Consolidation and Rural School Closure: E Pluribus Unum" (Population Research Institute -- Pennsylvania State University) [.pdf, 75K]

Rasmussen, Anders. "Institutional Games Rational Actors Play -- The Empowering Of The European Parliament"
Full text:
Full text [.pdf, 595K]:
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New Think Tank Policy Papers and Briefs

The Commonwealth Fund:
Duchon, Lisa et al. "Listening to Workers: Findings from The Commonwealth Fund 1999 National Survey of Workers' Health Insurance" [.pdf, 156K]
Duchon, Lisa et al. "Listening to Workers: Challenges for Employer-Sponsored Coverage in the 21st Century" [.pdf, 51K]

Schoen, Cathy, Erin Strumpf, and Karen Davis. "A Vote of Confidence: Attitudes Toward Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance" (Issue Brief)

Population Studies Center:
Knodel, John et al. "Older People and AIDS: Quantitative Evidence of the Impact in Thailand"
Full text [.pdf, 79K]:

Russell Sage Foundation: Papers from the Working Group on the Construction and Maintenance of Trust:
Bacharach, Michael and Diego Gambetta. "Trust in Signs" [MSWord, 113K]
Bates, Robert H. and Barry R. Weingast. "Rationality And Interpretation: The Politics of Transition" [MSWord, 170K]

Hardin, Russell. "Distrust" [MSWord, 86K]

Levi, Margaret. "When Good Defenses Make Good Neighbors: A Transaction Cost Approach to Trust and Distrust" [MSWord, 87K]

Troy, Patrick. "Distrust And The Development Of Urban Regulations" [MSWord, 103K]

The Urban Institute:
Acs, Gregory and Megan Gallagher. "Income Inequality among America's Children"
.pdf version, 85K:
Coughlin, Teresa A., Leighton Ku, and Johnny Kim. "Reforming the Medicaid Disproportionate Share Hospital Program in the 1990s"
.pdf version, 181K:
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New Offerings from Academic Publishers

Association of American University Presses: New Releases

Baker&Taylor Academia -- Upcoming Books to Buy (January 2000)

Cambridge University Press

Perseus Books: By Category

Thela Thesis -- Just Published

Oxbow Books -- Publishers of titles on archaeology, classical studies, and medieval studies.
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21st Century Trust: The Knowledge Society -- Changing the shape of education for the 21st century
Klingenthal Castle, near Strasbourg, Germany
September 8-16, 2000

Digital Resources for the Humanities
September 10-13, 2000
University of Sheffield, UK

21st Century Trust: Ending Anarchy? -- International Rule and Reconstruction After Conflict
Madingley Hall, Cambridge, UK
October 5-13, 2000

Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Multimedia 2000
October 30-November 3, 2000
Los Angeles, California
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New Tables of Contents/ Abstracts/ Online Issues

MERIA: Middle Eastern Review of International Affairs (Full text)
Vol. 3, No. 4 (December 1999)

Ariadne (Full text)
No. 22, (December 1999)

D-Lib Magazine (Full text)
Vol. 6, No. 1 (January 2000)

International Journal of Public Opinion Research (Table of contents, abstracts)
Vol. 11, No. 2 (Summer 1999)

The Classical Quarterly (Table of Contents)
Vol. 49, No. 1(1999)
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Job Guides/ Funding

H-Net Job Guide

The Chronicle of Higher Education Job Openings
Social Science

Academic Employment Network (By State)

American College Personnel Association: ACPA Ongoing Placement Listings
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New Data

National Institute on Drug Abuse: Monitoring the Future
Conducted by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, a branch of the National Institute of Health (NIH), this "ongoing study of the behaviors, attitudes, and values of American secondary school students, college students, and young adults" is primarily based on data from surveys of some 50,000 eighth, tenth, and twelfth graders conducted since 1991. The site provides press releases as well as summary data charts and tables of recent reports, a substantial bibliography of papers and monographs generated by the study, information about study design, materials for school administrators, and more. Recent study data currently available on-site include statistics on teen drug use, smoking, and cigarette brand preferences. Microdata from the cross-sectional, in-school surveys may be obtained through a link to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Data Archive (SAMHDA). [DC]
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US Department of Justice: Homicide Trends in the United States
.pdf version (620K):
This site from the Bureau of Justice Statistics provides a series of data charts that describe homicide patterns and trends in the United States since 1976. Coverage includes statistics on demographic trends by age, gender, and race; infanticide and eldercide; homicide of intimates and law enforcement officials; and trends by region, weapons, and urban population. Overview sections provide summaries of significant trends in these and other categories. One of the more dramatic findings: "the homicide victimization rate for 14-17 year-olds increased almost 150% from 1985 to 1993." The report is also available in .pdf format. [DC]
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NCES: "Trends in Disparities in School District Level Expenditures per Pupil" [.pdf, 2,444K]
This statistical analysis report, posted in December by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), "examines disparities between school districts in instructional expenditures in elementary and secondary schools for each state and also for geographic regions and the nation as a whole for the period from 1979-80 to 1993-94." The report indicates declining disparities for most states during this period, but cautions that such results may not always reflect a "more equitable distribution of education expenditures" since "the percentage and distribution of special needs students may have changed over that period." [DC]
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Kaiser Family Foundation Survey: "Medicaid and Children -- Overcoming Barriers to Enrollment" [.pdf, 376K]
Just published by the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, this report is comprised of a nationwide telephone survey of 1,335 low-income parents whose children are either participants in Medicaid or nonparticipants who appear to be eligible for it. Key survey findings include 1) children who are currently uninsured but eligible for Medicaid tend to come from two-parent, working families with little participation in welfare; and 2) a complicated process of enrollment, including extensive documentation, impedes delivery of the service to eligible children. According to their Website, "the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation is an independent philanthropy focusing on the major health care issues facing the nation." [DC]
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In The News

Supreme Court Says States Can Limit Political Contributions
1. The New York Times: "Justices Uphold $1,000 Cap on Campaign Contributions"
2. Free! The Freedom Forum Online: "Maine's campaign law violates contributors' free speech, opponents tell court"
3. Free! The Freedom Forum Online: "Federal judge upholds contribution limits for Maine House, Senate races"
4. Free! The Freedom Forum Online: Money Talks!: A Series Examining the Free Speech Implications of Efforts to Reform Campaign Finance
5. Public Campaign - Clean Money, Clean Elections
6. ACLU Letter to Senator Mitch McConnell Regarding the Constitutionality of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 1997
7. ACLU: "In New Alliance, ACLU and Public Campaign Urge Support for Full Public Financing"
8. Campaign Finance Information Center
9. Brookings Institution: Campaign Finance
10. The New York Times: Supreme Court Guide
Yesterday in a 6-3 vote, the Supreme Court upheld the right of states to limit the amount of money individuals can contribute to political candidates. Writing for the majority, Justice David Souter concluded that such restrictions are in line with the Court's findings in the 1976 decision of Buckley v. Valeo, which upheld a congressional law limiting individual contributions to 1,000 dollars but which found overall spending limits to be unconstitutional. Some observers see this decision as evidence that the Court is ready to revisit Buckley v. Valeo and redraw the money equals speech formulation that the decision instituted. As Justice Stevens remarked in a separate consenting opinion, "Money is property; it is not speech." However, Justice Kennedy in dissent warned, "the court's decision has lasting consequences for . . . the [political] speech upon which democracy depends." It is also very possible that Justices such as Rehnquist and O'Connor were operating more in line with the Court's trademark shift in favor of states's rights than out of a desire to revisit the first amendment issues the case raises.

The New York Times(1) summarizes the court's decision. Freedom Forum offers two stories ((2) and (3)) detailing the argument and judicial decision rendered this month in a Maine federal district court upholding a state campaign law restricting individual contributions to gubernatorial and legislative candidates. A series from the Freedom Forum (4) outlines a comprehensive argument for not sacrificing free speech to the cause of campaign finance reform. On the other side of the issue, Public Campaign's Website (5) features daily updates on campaign financing issues as they affect the current presidential campaign. Here, users will find major reports on issues of campaign financing, including ones on special interest influence in Washington, the issue of campaign contributions and racial politics, and "Twenty Things You Can Do." A letter from the American Civil Liberties Union (6) tendered to House of Representatives Committee on the Judiciary Subcommittee on the Constitution details the constitutional objections the ACLU has to the McCain-Feingold campaign finance reform bill, including the organization's interpretation of Buckley v. Valeo. But an ACLU press release (7) explains the major announcement last fall that two long-time adversaries on this issue -- the ACLU and Public Campaign, an advocacy group for campaign finance reform -- had found new common ground. The Campaign Finance Information Center (8) posts data and reports on campaign financing for each of the 50 states as well as providing data and a search engine that allows users to "track cash flow across the nation." The Brookings Institution offers an excellent site on Campaign finance issues (9) with recent reports, publications, interviews, FEC notices of inquiry, and the online scholarly volume, Campaign Finance Reform: A Sourcebook. The Supreme Court Guide from The New York Times provides links to recent Times stories covering the Court and offers several useful resources: an online Q and A page with Times's court reporter Linda Greenhouse; a search link to FindLaw, allowing users to search for Supreme Court decisions by parties, date, or keyword; as well as links to other legal sources and institutions. [DC]
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences is published every other Tuesday by the Internet Scout Project, located in the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Department of Computer Sciences.

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