The Scout Report for Social Sciences - March 07, 2000

March 07, 2000

A Publication of the Internet Scout Project
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The target audience of the new Scout Report for Social Sciences is faculty, students, staff, and librarians in the social sciences. Each biweekly issue offers a selective collection of Internet resources covering topics in the field that have been chosen by librarians and content specialists in the given area of study.

The Scout Report for Social Sciences is also provided via email once every two weeks. Subscription information is included at the bottom of each issue.

In This Issue


Learning Resources

New Data

Current Awareness

In The News


The Leonard Bernstein Collection
This American Memory Website from the Library of Congress (previewed in the August 28, 1998 Scout Report) features materials from the Library's massive collection of documents by and about the American composer and conductor Leonard Bernstein. The site offers 85 photographs, over 1,100 pieces of Bernstein's correspondence, and more than 250 scripts from the conductor's well-known Young People's Concerts and Thursday Evening Previews with the New York Philharmonic. These scripts are in the form of facsimile versions of Bernstein's musical outlines and written notes in preparation for his trademark presentations of music and spoken commentary. The correspondence also gives, among other things, a strong indication of Bernstein's tendency to conduct not only orchestras, but the lives of his loved ones as well. The material can be searched by keyword or browsed by title, name, or subject. [DC]
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SOSIG New Look
Social Science Search Engine
US Mirror
The Web's premiere Social Science gateway has gotten even better, with a new interface and several other features that help users find quality social science research and education resources, hand-picked and described by librarians and subject specialists. The heart of SOSIG remains its excellent Internet catalog, which includes thousands of online resources, browseable or searchable by subject area. Within each section, resources are organized by subcategory and listed by type. Each section supplies information on its editor and a link to an extremely useful Subject Guide to conducting online research in that field. Visitors can find additional, uncataloged resources, using the Social Science Search Engine, which indexes a database of over 50,000 Social Science Webpages. SOSIG also helps users stay current, not only with their constantly updated list of new additions, but also with a new My Account feature. Integrated with SOSIG's Grapevine (reviewed in the April 7, 1998 Scout Report for Social Sciences), My Account lets users customize SOSIG and register for a free weekly email notification of new resources in their area of interest. Note: At time of publication, Scout's US mirror of SOSIG does not yet reflect these changes. [MD]
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Resources For Methods In Evaluation And Social Research
This Website offers a substantial annotated listing of "resources for methods in evaluation and social research." The focus is on "how-to" do evaluation research and the methods used: surveys, focus groups, sampling, interviews, and other methods. Most of these links are to resources that can be read over the Web. A few, like the GAO (General Accounting Office) books, are for resources that can be sent away for, in this case, books that are free for US residents. The materials, which are clearly organized by the table of contents, have been compiled privately by Gene Shackman, a research scientist in the Analysis and Evaluation Unit at the New York State Department of Health. [DC]
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"Crunching Numbers: Crime and Incarceration at the End of the Millennium" [.pdf]
This article from the January edition of the National Institute of Justice Journal summarizes, in eight packed pages, significant data on crime and punishment in America over the course of the last century, with emphasis on the last few decades. Among other things, the report examines the recent decline in property crimes comparing figures to other countries, discusses the apparent drop in incidents of rape, and looks at the possible correlations between incarceration rates and crime levels -- all in a readable style with many useful graphs and in a manner that avoids simplistic conclusions. The article's author is Jan M. Chaiken, Director of the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). [DC]
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"Internet And Society: A Preliminary Report" [.pdf]
Press Release:
Preliminary Report:
The Stanford Institute for the Quantitative Study of Society released on February 17th a 43-page study of the social consequences of the Internet. The study, based on surveys of 4,113 adults in 2,689 households, reaches several provocative conclusions. Among them: up to 25 percent of the "respondents who use the Internet regularly (more than 5 hours a week) feel that it has reduced their time with friends and family," and roughly the same percentage of people find that the Internet has helped increase the amount of time they spend working at home without cutting back on their hours at the office. The study has drawn fire from journalists and Internet advocates who see the data as subjective and the report's projections about the negative impact of future Internet use on social relations as unfounded. [DC]
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Chemical and Biological Disarmament
This online directory from the University of Michigan Documents Center provides annotated links to materials related to chemical and biological warfare and disarmament. Included here are resources for background information, related international organizations, and subject-specific sites on chemical and biological warfare, Iraq, peace and conflict studies, as well as pertinent treaties and organizations. The site was created by librarian Susan Wright at the University of Michigan Residential College. [DC]
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Learning Resources

Uncle Tom's Cabin and American Culture [QuickTime, RealPlayer]
This site from the Institute for Advanced Technologies in the Humanities at the University of Virginia contains a plethora of materials concerning Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin and the nation's response to it. The site features a complete electronic edition of the first published version of the novel along with the various prefaces Stowe wrote for different editions as well as audio versions of most of the Christian hymns presented in the text. Users can also examine and compare different published editions of the text using 3-D applications as well as view selected manuscript pages and sheets from the novel's original newspaper serialization side-by-side. The site's unique value, though, lies in the documents it presents that elucidate the novel's historical and cultural context. Included here are anti-slavery and Christian abolitionist texts, materials on Sentimental Culture in the nineteenth century, newspaper reviews of the text, articles and notices, and both African-American and Pro-Slavery responses to it. The subsequent media history of the novel's adaptations in songs, children's books, plays, and films is also represented here. As if that isn't enough, the site offers "an interactive timeline, virtual exhibits to accompany the primary material, and lesson plans for teachers and student projects." The entire site -- including the individual text of Uncle Tom's Cabin -- can be easily searched or browsed. [DC]
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The Greeks: Crucible of Civilization [QuickTime, Shockwave, Flash, .zip, Netscape Navigator or IE Explorer 3.0+ recommended]
This superb companion site to the PBS special of the same name that previewed in late February offers a wealth of information and interactive elements for learning about Ancient Athens. The site centers around in-depth examinations of five key Greeks: Cleisthenes, the founder of democracy in Athens; Themistocles, the creator of the Greek navy; Pericles, Athens's most famous ruler; Aspasia, "the 'first lady' of Athens"; and of course, Socrates. The narratives are supplemented by video clips from the broadcast that can last as long as five minutes but download quickly and easily. In addition, an expandable timeline offers descriptions of a millennium's worth of key events in the history of Ancient Greece. The site's more innovative interactive elements include a map that lets the user choose to zoom in on different portions and structures in ancient Athens and learn more about their role in Athenian life as well as an interactive keyboard that lets users see and hear the ancient Greek alphabet and compare it to modern English equivalents. Most impressive are the real time Webcam of the Acropolis, a detailed 3-D animation of the Parthenon and entire Acropolis as it was in the glory of Classical Greece, and a substantial videoclip showing and discussing the Parthenon in particular. Finally, the site offers educational materials in the form of lesson plans geared to major figures and events. [DC]
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Images Of Women In Ancient Art
Subtitled "Issues of Interpretation and Identity," this Website, designed for an honors course at Sweet Briar College, explores the archaeological remnants of female representation in ancient art. Written primarily by the professor, Chris Witcombe, the site boasts images and commentary on women in prehistory, Ancient Egypt, the Aegean, Palestine, Greece, and "Barbarian Women." A special section goes into detailed analysis of the famous, apparently obese, stone figure, "Venus of Willendorf," sometimes taken to be a fertility figure. The site also features a "Women in Prehistory" bibliography, discussion topics and questions, and a fairly extensive directory of related sites, indexed by the specific artifacts discussed on the Website. The writing style is informative and casual, making this site an enjoyable means to reexamine some "ancient" stereotypes. [DC]
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Gendercide Watch
This Website from Gendercide Watch is devoted to raising awareness, facilitating research, and disseminating educational resources on gendercide (i.e. gender-selective mass killing). Undoubtedly the most comprehensive and up-to-date Website of its kind, Gendercide Watch features an annotated listing of current gendercide articles and reports in the news, a comprehensive discussion and definition of the phenomenon, as well as detailed case studies of gendercide occurrences in several countries and contexts, including Bangladesh, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Colombia, and gendercide elements in the Jewish Holocaust and the Armenian genocide of 1915-1916. Institutional case studies of gendercide elements in the application of penal punishment -- including the death penalty, maternal mortality, and military conscription are also posted. The site emphasizes male gendercide, reflecting the creators's "conviction that men are, indeed, generally the victims of the most severe gender-selective atrocities in such situations." An extensive, annotated list of gendercide and genocide links is given along with news releases from Gendercide Watch about current gendercide issues around the world. Human rights advocates are likely to want to bookmark this site. Gendercide Watch is "a project of the Gender Issues Education Foundation (GIEF), a registered charitable foundation based in Edmonton, Alberta." [DC]
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Smithsonian: Kiowa Drawings
The Smithsonian and the National Anthropological Archives offer online a substantial collection of the vividly colored drawings of the Kiowa Indians. This collection includes hundreds of images of Kiowa art from the nineteenth century on buffalo hide and more recent work on paper. The works are fascinating, particularly because of the thematic emphasis in these drawing on the interaction (often compelled) between the Kiowa -- a tribe of the Southern Plains -- and white Americans. Included here are drawings of anthropological field notes by the Kiowa for the Smithsonian's Bureau of American Ethnology, scenes of the Kiowa in captivity at an army garrison, and a copy of one of the Kiowan calendars, which were complex in their charting of the cycles of Kiowan life. [DC]
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Unpacking on the Prairie: Jewish Women in the Upper Midwest
Bringing together elements of ethnic, regional, and women studies, this site explores the history of pioneer Jewish Women in the Great Lakes and Plains regions. In text and images, the site narrates the journey from "the old country" through immigration tribulations in the East to setting up new homes in the frontier Middle West. The site examines the challenges of living in an environment often culturally and materially hostile to Jewish traditions and the solutions devised by Jewish women for dealing with everything from issues of keeping food kosher to coping with anti-Semitic neighbors and officials. There are excerpts here from oral histories and original manuscripts of Jewish women as well as an array of highly evocative photographs. Those with pertinent memories are also invited to post their own oral histories. Created by the Jewish Historical Society of the Upper Midwest in tandem with the Minnesota Historical Society, the site suggests the cultural and communal value of niche scholarship when thoughtfully done. [DC]
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Carleton Watkins: The Art of Perception
This site from the National Gallery of Art serves as companion to the Carleton Watkins exhibit began last week at the National Gallery of Art and continuing through early May. Watkins's work, best known for its dramatic nineteenth-century photographs of the Western landscape, is here featured in thumbnail and standard-size versions along with accompanying historical and biographical background. A chronology of Watkins's long life is also posted. One wishes, of course, for more than nine images, but given the breathtaking quality of some of them and their historic role in the aestheticization of the West, the site is well worth a visit. [DC]
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Network for Underwater Archaeology, Ireland (NUA)
Hosted by the University of Ulster, this site provides information and networking opportunities in the field of underwater archaeology in Ireland. Included here are photographs and descriptions of recent and ongoing excavations of shipwrecks, submerged forests, and other interesting underwater archaeological sites. The information is presented with academic expertise but still provides fascinating reading for the casual visitor. The site also hosts a bulletin board, news about the upcoming conference at the University -- Towards An Understanding Of Maritime Archaeology In Ireland -- and annotated links to two dozen related Websites. [DC]
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Le Bon, Gustave's The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind
The Electronic Text Center at the University of Virginia has posted the 1896 classic of social psychology, Gustave LeBon's The Crowd. Known for his seminal considerations of crowd psychology and its impact on the French Revolution, LeBon believed in a "crowd mind" that "is not an intellectual or rational entity but a sentimental and emotional one through which irrational ideas spread as if by a process of contagion." (Encarta Encyclopaedia) The site offers the entire text with a table of contents linked to each section and chapter. [DC]
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New Data

Two from The National Center on Health Statistics
"Trends in Pregnancies and Pregnancy Rates by Outcome: Estimates for the United States, 1976-96"
Press Release:
Full report [.pdf]:
"Health Outcomes Among Hispanic Subgroups: Data from the National Health Interview Survey, 1992-95"
Press Release:
Full report [.pdf]:
In the last few weeks, the National Center on Health Statistics has released the reports listed above. The 48-page "Trends in Pregnancies and Pregnancy Rates by Outcome" study shows a decline in pregnancy rates between 1990 and 1996 with rates in 1996 being at their lowest in twenty years. The sharpest decline was among teenagers, "with the teen pregnancy rate falling by fifteen percent from its record high in 1991." Abortion rates were also down sixteen percent, making up twenty-two percent of pregnancy outcomes in 1996. The fifteen-page NCHS report "Health Outcomes Among Hispanic Subgroups" emphasizes a gap between the health levels of Puerto Ricans and other Hispanics. For example, "Eighteen percent of Puerto Rican individuals reported being in fair or poor health, compared with 14 percent of Cubans and 12 percent of 'other Hispanic' groups." [DC]
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"Recent Changes in U.S. Family Finances: Results from the 1998 Survey of Consumer Finances" [.pdf]
This 29-page report from the January edition of the Federal Reserve Bulletin (see the September 9, 1999 Scout Report for Business and Economics ) discusses changes in the financial profiles of US families between 1995 and 1998. Income continued a moderate upward trend, but net worth grew rapidly -- an increase largely, but not entirely, due to stock market accounts. The report features a sidebar table of contents for easy access. [DC]
[Back to Contents] Electronic Texts Database Philosophy Resources on the Internet has updated their collection of links to electronic texts in Philosophy available on the Web. The database supplies "over 800 links to electronic texts by famous philosophers throughout history." Currently, users can search only by author, but "in the future the texts will also be categorized and searchable by subject area and time period." [DC]
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Current Awareness
(For links to additional current awareness on tables of contents, abstracts, preprints, new books, data, conferences, etc., visit the The Scout Report for Social Sciences Current Awareness Metapage:

White Paper -- The One-China Principle and the Taiwan Issue
On February 21, the Chinese government issued a white paper rearticulating their stance on the "Taiwan question" and reaffirming their belief in "one China" under the auspices of the People's Republic. The paper comes in the wake of growing strains between the Mainland and Taiwan as Taiwan has made statements and gestures indicating a desire for independence and Beijing has responded with threats of invasion. On the issue of American involvement, the paper states that America, "should maintain only cultural, commercial and other non-governmental relations with Taiwan; oppose 'Taiwan independence,' 'two Chinas' or 'one China, one Taiwan' and not to stand in the way of the reunification of China." Presidential candidates, take note. [DC]
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New Working Papers

Baller, Robert D. et al. "Structural Covariates of U.S. County Homicide Rates: Incorporating Spatial Effects" -- Center for Social and Demographic Analysis
University at Albany, SUNY [.pdf]
Full text:

Brockmann, Hilke. "Why Is Health Treatment For The Elderly Less Expensive Than For The Rest Of The Population? Health Care Rationing In Germany" -- Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [.pdf]

Cornick, Delroy L. "Cyberspace: Its Impact On The Conventional Way of Doing and Thinking About Research"

From the European Commission:
"The Commission and Non-Governmental Organizations: Building a Stronger Partnership" [.pdf]

Grodsky, Eric and Devah Pager. "The Structure of Disadvantage: Individual and Occupational Determinants of the Black-White Wage Gap" -- Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin-Madison [.pdf]

Kogel, Tomas and Alexia Prskawetz. "Agricultural Productivity Growth And Escape From The Malthusian Trap" -- Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [.pdf]

Lloyd-Sherlock, Peter. "Failing The Needy: Public Social Spending In Latin America" in Journal of International Development Vol. 12 (January 2000): 101-119 [.pdf]

Novak, Thomas P. and Donna L. Hoffman. "Bridging the Digital Divide: The Impact of Race on Computer Access and Internet Use"
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New Think Tank Policy Papers and Briefs

Agricultural Research & Extension Network:
Boyd, Charlotte et al. (ed.) "The Contribution Of Soil And Water Conservation To Sustainable Livelihoods In Semi-Arid Areas Of Sub-Saharan Africa" [.pdf, 16 pp.]

Center for Defense Information:
Berr, Nicholas. "The Motives Behind China's White Paper on Taiwan: What Are They and How To Respond?" (Featured Article for Asia Forum)

International Food Policy Research Institute:
Smith, Lisa C. and Lawrence Haddad. "Overcoming Child Malnutrition in Developing Countries: Past Achievements and Future Choices"
Full report [.pdf, 55 pp.]:\Inetpub\cgiarweb\ifpri\2020\dp

Jerome Levy Economics Institute:
Levin-Waldman, Oren M. "Do Institutions Affect the Wage Structure?: Right-to-Work Laws, Unionization, and the Minimum Wage" (Policy Brief)
Full text [.pdf, 30 pp.]

USAID Center for Democracy and Governance:
"Managing Assistance In Support Of Political And Electoral Processes" [.pdf, 91 pp.]
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New Offerings from Academic Publishers

Association of American University Presses: New Releases

Baker&Taylor Academia -- Upcoming Books to Buy (March 2000)

Cambridge University Press
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Positioning Libraries On The Internet And Using Internet In Libraries
May 25-28, 2000
Interuniversity centre (IUC) Dubrovnik, Croatia

Thirty-Third Essex Summer School In Social Science Data Analysis And Collection
July 9-August 18, 2000
University of Essex Colchester, UK

The Virtual Reference Desk 2nd Annual Digital Reference Conference: The Facets Of Digital Reference
October 16-17, 2000
Seattle, WA

International Association of Labour History Institutions Annual Conference
September 6-9, 2000
Oslo, Norway
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New Tables of Contents/ Abstracts

Behaviour and Information Technology (table of contents, full-text only with subscription)
Vol. 19 No. 1 (January 2000)

British Educational Research Journal (table of contents, full-text only with subscription)
Vol. 26 No. 1 (January 2000)

European Sociological Review (table of contents, abstracts)
Vol. 16, No. 1 (March 2000)

Journal of Communication (table of contents, abstracts)
Vol. 50, No. 1 (Winter 2000)

Harvard Review of Psychiatry (table of contents, abstracts, full-text: .pdf)
Vol. 7, No. 6 (March/ April 2000)
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Job Guides/ Funding

H-Net Job Guide

The Chronicle of Higher Education Job Openings
Social Science

Academic Employment Network (By State)

NASPA, Student Affairs Administrators in Higher Education Jobslink

American College Personnel Association: ACPA Ongoing Placement Listings
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In The News

Mozambique: Coping with the Aftermath
1. The Economist: "Mozambique's Misery"
2. Mozambique News Agency: Weekly Reports
3. Yahoo! News: "New Challenges in Mozambique" (AP)
4. Yahoo! News: "Agencies Helping Mozambique Victims" (AP)
5. "US Joins in Mozambique Rescue"
6. University of Pennsylvania's African Studies Center: Mozambique Page
7. The University of Texas at Austin Libraries: Relief Map of Mozambique
8. Human Rights Watch Report (1999): Mozambique
In the wake of three weeks of flooding that claimed thousands of lives and were the worst in living memory, the people of Mozambique and relief workers are struggling to prevent the aftermath of this natural disaster from being even more devastating than the waters themselves. With almost all of the people who had been stranded in trees and on rooftops by the torrential floodwaters rescued, the country now turns its attention to the problem of dealing with the nearly 250,000 people who are packed into 64 refugee camps. Food, clean water, and medical attention are desperately needed, but relief efforts are hampered by destruction of normal travel routes and by the fact that Mozambique is not equipped to handle massive air traffic into the country. Relief workers fear outbreaks of malaria, cholera, and dysentery as unsanitary conditions in the camps combine with overcrowding and nearby stagnant waters. The floods are particularly galling to a nation that had righted itself after decades of civil war and had been enjoying a period of sustained economic growth and political security. Worse, there are reports of potentially more rain on the way.

The Economist(1) offers an excellent report on both the physical and economic devastation being wrought by the floods. The Mozambique News Agency (2) posts weekly news reports, and this week's is entirely devoted to both the international and national response to the flood. Associated Press stories posted on the Yahoo! News site detail the most immediate needs of the survivors (3) and offer a listing -- with links to Websites -- of charitable agencies involved in rescue efforts, including Oxfam and Doctors Without Borders (4). The Washington Post(5) reports on the arrival of 600 US Troops on Monday to help relief efforts. The African Studies Center at the University of Pennsylvania provides annotated links to resources on Mozambique (6), including maps, the CIA World Factbook, US State Department travel advisories, and the Mozambique embassy in the US. The University of Texas at Austin Libraries (7) offer a detailed relief map of the country, allowing users to examine the river routes of the floods. Finally, Human Rights Watch (8) reports on the political stability of the country in 1999. [DC]
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences is published every other Tuesday by the Internet Scout Project, located in the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Department of Computer Sciences.

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Copyright Susan Calcari and the University of Wisconsin Board of Regents, 1994-2000. The Internet Scout Project (, located in the Computer Sciences Department of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, provides information about the Internet to the U.S. research and education community under a grant from the National Science Foundation, number NCR-9712163. The Government has certain rights in this material. Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of the entire Scout Report provided this paragraph, including the copyright notice, are preserved on all copies.

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