The Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities - January 9, 2001

January 9, 2001

A Publication of the Internet Scout Project
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The target audience of the new Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities is faculty, students, staff, and librarians in the social sciences and humanities. Each biweekly issue offers a selective collection of Internet resources covering topics in the field that have been chosen by librarians and content specialists in the given area of study.

The Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities is also provided via email once every two weeks. Subscription information is included at the bottom of each issue.

In This Issue

New from Internet Scout


Learning Resources

New Data

Current Awareness

In The News

New from Internet Scout

The Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities
Starting this week, the Scout Report for Social Sciences has become the Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities. The content of the report will remain the same, but we feel the new name better reflects the report's focus.

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International Crime Threat Assessment
Released in late December, this global assessment was prepared by a US government interagency working group that included representatives from the Central Intelligence Agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Drug Enforcement Administration, US Customs Service, US Secret Service, and other relevant agencies. In response to a rise in international crime since the close of the Cold War, this report examines a number of areas: the global context of international crime, international crimes affecting US interests, worldwide areas of international criminal activity, the consequences of international crime for US strategic interests, and the future of international crime along with its prevention. The information is provided in a concise format with subject boxes and bullet-points for quick scanning of the information. [DC]
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Human Rights Watch World Report 2001 [.rtf, .zip]
Human Rights Watch issued their annual world report last month, summarizing the state of human rights in 70 countries around the globe. Written with the clarity and detail that have marked previous annual issues, this year's report offers both good and bad news. On the positive side, it notes the popular overthrow of the Milosevic regime in Yugoslavia, the conclusion of a treaty barring the use of children as soldiers, and the UN Commission on Human Rights's first formal criticism of a permanent member of the UN Security Council (Russia, for its abuses in Chechnya). On the negative, the report cites the continued failure of the UN Commission to condemn China and the failure of the US to require the Colombian army to sever ties with paramilitary organizations as a condition for the recent huge military aid package to that country. The report begins with an essay on the global economy and then covers human rights developments by region. Separate sections of the report address special topics such as academic freedom, censorship, access to education, children's rights, and women's human rights. The report is available in both HTML and .rtf (zipped or uncompressed) formats. [MD]
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Full Report of the Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence Against Women -- Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey [.pdf]
Released in November in both .pdf and ASC II formats, this 61-page research report delivers some alarming statistics on the prevalence of violence against women in the US. The report details the National Violence Against Women Survey's methods, then gives findings on the prevalence and incidents of rape, physical assault, and stalking; the risk of violence among racial minorities and Hispanics; women's and men's risks of intimate partner violence; violence experienced as a minor and as an adult; and physical injury and use of medical services. Key findings include the discovery that 17.6 percent of women reported they had been the victim of a rape or attempted rape at some time in their life and that 64 percent of the women who reported being raped, physically assaulted, and/or stalked since age 18 were victimized by a current or former husband, cohabiting partner, boyfriend, or date. [DC]
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PALMM (Publication of Archival Library and Museum Materials)
Supervised by the libraries of the State University System (SUS) of Florida, PALMM -- Publication of Archival Library and Museum Materials -- will eventually serve as a searchable database of collections belonging to SUS institutions or geographically or thematically pertaining to the state of Florida. Currently, the Website has two large collections available: the Florida Heritage Collection (see the December 15, 2000 Scout Report) and the Linking Florida's Natural Heritage collection. The latter features materials concerning Florida's landscape and fauna; the former "is an ongoing cooperative SUS project to digitize and provide web access to materials broadly representing Florida's history, culture, arts, literature, sciences and social sciences." Users are offered a variety of search and browse parameters, allowing them to customize the collections and institutions searched as well as the subjects and key terms. Unfortunately, many of the collections accessed through this database are not SUS collections, and the links are often simply to the main page of the Website holding a particular item or collection, not to the item or collection itself. While still clearly under construction, PALMM already serves as a powerful, if not always razor-sharp, tool for research into topics of Floridean history and geography. [DC]
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William Hogarth Research Site
Emphatically titled The Site for Research on William Hogarth (1697 - 1764), this Website offers book reviews, online essays, selections from a forthcoming scholarly bibliography on Hogarth, abstracts of books, related links, a limited gallery, and a discussion board. Hogarth was an English engraver and painter of some repute whose reputation today depends largely upon the adoption of some of his aesthetic theories by prominent writers of the Romantic period. The materials here are both considerable and reputable. [DC]
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A Guide to Africana Philosophy and Philosophers of African Descent -- University of Pennsylvania Library
This subject guide from the University of Pennsylvania Library provides an annotated list of books, articles, essays, databases, electronic resources, Websites, discussion lists, conferences, and organizations and associations related to Africana philosophy and philosophers of African descent. The Web-based listings include links to the materials. The guide also provides links to descriptive entries for dozens of contemporary philosophers of African descent and 20 entries for retired or deceased African-American philosophers. [DC]
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Learning Resources

The Canadian Encyclopedia [Shockwave, RealPlayer, QuickTime]
Last month, Historica, a Canadian foundation dedicated to the preservation of Canadian cultural heritage, posted the first online edition of The Canadian Encyclopedia, a massive one-volume reference to Canada authored by over 4,000 Canadians. This searchable edition features more than 10,000 articles written by a broad base of Canadians who are experts in their individual subjects. (An aggressive act of intellectual egalitarianism, the work employs far more authors than the much larger, but more editorially driven, Encyclopedia Britannica.) In addition to entries written in hypertext format with bibliographies, the encyclopedia offers interactive elements, such as statistical graphs, multimedia presentations of key historical events, quizzes and games, student guides, monthly topical features, and more. The encyclopedia is accessible in French and English and has a separate student's edition as well. Note: we did find some brief instances of printer code in the entries; it would appear that another edit of the online version would be beneficial. [DC]
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The Virtual Museum of Education Iconics
This new site from the University of Minnesota's College of Education features images and interpretive texts concerning the iconic representations of instruction in the Western world down through the ages. The site offers galleries of representations of the "seven liberal arts," the female figure of Grammar, St. Anne and the Education of the Virgin Mary, Jesus at School, Aristotle's fall from grace, choir stall carvings and misericords, and more. Available in thumbnail and full-frame sizes, the images will also eventually be offered in a searchable database. In order to appreciate the full significance of these representations of classic "scenes of instruction," users will want to read the excellent articles posted in the lecture hall that correspond to each gallery. Note: we did experience some odd routings in the site's navigation. [DC]
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City Sites: An Electronic Book
Recently published online by the 3Cities research project (see the December 8, 2000 Scout Report) hosted at the Universities of Birmingham and Nottingham in the UK, this electronic text offers excellent multimedia essays on American urbanism as represented by Chicago and New York from the 1870s to the 1930s. Music, photographs, illustrations, and text are used to explore the emergent urban life of these two great American hubs. Pop-up windows offer links to any section of the table of contents, allowing users to navigate both the overall "book" and the individual articles in a manner of their own choosing. A related section accessed via the site's sidebar contains articles and information on issues of architecture (including zoning), leisure, race, and space. A bibliography with hundreds of entries concerning issues of urbanism is also posted. The texts are written in a scholarly, yet engaging manner and help affirm the value both of a well-constructed electronic text as well as cultural analysis undertaken from a geographic vantage point. Users are asked to register, without cost. [DC]
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Writing on Hands: Memory and Knowledge in Early Modern Europe
This stimulating Website from the Trout Gallery at Dickinson College in Pennsylvania "focuses on the hand as a meeting place of matter, mind, and spirit" in early modern European thought. It offers dozens of images, "dating primarily from the fifteenth to the seventeenth centuries, concerning the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge from such diverse realms as anatomy, psychology, mathematics, music, rhetoric, religion, palmistry, and alchemy." The images include "miniatures, prints, and drawings [related to hands] that are inscribed with, or surrounded by, natural marks, such as lines or creases, or artificial ones, including letters, numbers, words, or symbols." Each image in the exhibition is explicated in relation to particular dominant themes of the science and thought of the era and features a full description, including context, of the item from the museum's catalog. The images are also "interactive," giving visitors the opportunity to select which themes they wish to learn more about and allowing them to activate animated portions. A fascinating, intelligently produced site whose primary drawback is that it runs very poorly on Netscape. Accordingly, we suggest individuals with an option use Explorer with this one. [DC]
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SNOW (Special Needs Opportunity Windows)
This Website from the SNOW (Special Needs Opportunity Windows) project in Toronto, Canada serves as "a clearinghouse of practical resources and curriculum materials for serving students with special needs, as a place for educators to meet and share ideas, and as a place for educators to develop their professional skills." In addition to materials describing workshops, curriculum, and professional development at SNOW, the Website presents separate resource sections on "best practices," including materials on Web accessibility, accommodations for people with disabilities, safe schools, and a collection of resources for parents of children with special needs and on learning technologies, giving information "on distance education, adaptive technology for people with disabilities, and multimedia uses in online learning experiences." An extensive categorized list of Web resources and an online forum are also featured on-site. The Website is available in both French and English. [DC]
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Standard Deviants TV -- PBS
This companion Website to the popular educational PBS series Standard Deviants TV features detailed synopses of the materials covered in the first thirteen of the twenty-six half-hour shows being broadcast by Public Television as well as supplementary tests, vocabulary listings, top ten lists, related Web resources, questions for further discussion and more. The programs are designed to be appropriate for any student from middle-school to college and beyond, and the subjects covered include American government, astronomy, grammar, Shakespeare, Spanish, French, public speaking, geology, marketing, business law, HTML programming, the Internet, and more. Companion materials for the remaining thirteen episodes are to be posted soon. [DC]
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Education World's Best of 2000
This month, Education World, a prime distributor of free K-12 educational materials on the Web, offers its annual "best of" series, collected from the previous year's articles and compilations on lesson plans, books in education, curriculum, school issues, teacher lessons, technology in the classroom (including Website reviews), and administration. There are ten links per series for a total of seventy articles in all, and the top five in each section offer summary annotations for quick browsing. Education World's Best of 1999 was featured in the January 11, 2000 Scout Report for the Social Sciences. [DC]
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Anatomy of Disgust
This companion Website to the United Kingdom's Channel 4 series of the same name explores the phenomenon of human disgust from sociological, psychological, aesthetic, and biological perspectives. Three different sections examine the scientific debates on the origins of disgust, the sociological factor of disgust in such examples as the Indian caste system and homophobia, and the ways in which artists seek to confront us with the hypocrisy that can often underlie our habitual experiences of disgust. A small gallery of photographs and installations is included as well as interviews with some of the artists. [DC]
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New Data

First Census 2000 Results -- Resident Population and Apportionment Counts
On December 28, the US Census Bureau released its preliminary results for the 2000 Census. According to the Bureau, "the nation's resident population on Census Day, April 1, 2000 was 281,421,906, a 13.2 percent rise over the 248,709,873 counted in the 1990 census" -- an increase that exceeded the Bureau's projections. Visitors to the site can examine tables and maps showing population data for states, congressional districts, and US overseas population as well as state population rankings and percentage change since the 1990 Census. The site also provides a press release summarizing the data and background information on congressional apportionment -- the constitutional cause of the census -- as well as a link to educational materials for studying the census in schools (see the January 11, 2000 Scout Report for the Social Sciences). [DC]
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Capital Punishment 1999 [.pdf]
ACS II version:
Press release:
The US Department of Justice has released statistics detailing the characteristics of people under a sentence of death as of December 31, 1999. In addition to summarizing the movement of prisoners into and out of death sentence status during 1999, the report provides "data on offenders' gender, race, education, marital status, age at time of arrest for capital offense, legal status at time of capital offense, methods of execution, trends, and time between imposition of death sentence and execution." The report also offers preliminary data on executions in 2000 and historical data on executions since 1930 as well as sentencing since 1973. According to the press release, 20 states executed 98 prisoners in 1999 -- the most executions since 1951. Capital Punishment 1998 was reviewed in the January 11, 2000 Scout Report for Social Sciences . [DC]
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Current Awareness
(For links to additional current awareness on tables of contents, abstracts, preprints, new books, data, conferences, etc., visit the The Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities Current Awareness Metapage:

STATS: Statistical Assessment Service
The Statistical Assessment Service (STATS) is a "non-partisan, non-profit research organization that serves as a resource for journalists by providing timely and well-researched analysis of current statistical and scientific disputes." STATS offers articles written by statistical experts in two formats -- selections from columns published in the national press and a monthly online newsletter, VitalSTATS. STATS also features a searchable archive of previous publications. The standard STATS article addresses some statistical information that has recently been widely distributed by the press and considers the potential or already-committed fallacies of reasoning the data is subject to in the hands of headline-seeking journalists. Visitors may find the Dubious Data Awards of 2000 particularly amusing as they give the top ten "silliest, most misleading stories of the New Millennium." Some people say statistics lie, but STATS offers itself as their Joe Friday, insisting that we take from them "just the facts." [DC]
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New Working Papers

Aassve, Arnstein. "Economic Resources and Single Motherhood: Incidence and Resolution of Premarital Childbearing among Young American Women" -- Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [.pdf, 32 pages]

Aassve, Arnstein, Francesco C. Billari, and Fausta Ongaro. "The Impact of Income and Occupational Status on Leaving Home: Evidence from the Italian ECHP Sample" -- Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [.pdf, 36 pages]

DiPrete, Thomas A. and Henriette Engelhardt. "Estimating Causal Effects with Matching Methods in the Presence and Absence of Bias Cancellation" -- Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [.pdf, 47 pages]

Kreyenfeld, Michaela. "Educational Attainment and First Births: East Germany before and after Unification" -- Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [.pdf, 24 pages]

Gorski, Phil. "The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Bureaucracy: the Role of Religious Asceticism in the Genesis of Political Rationalism" -- Center for Comparative Social Analysis [.pdf, 39 pages]

Hout, Michael. "The Denominational Society: A Reappraisal" -- Center for Comparative Social Analysis [.pdf, 42 pages]
Access links to four supplementary figures in .pdf format:

Riley, Dylan. "The Problem of Fascism in Comparative Historical Sociology" -- Center for Comparative Social Analysis [.pdf, 43 pages]
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New Think Tank Policy Papers and Briefs

"Are People with Mental Illness Getting the Help They Need?: New Findings About Parity Laws, Insurance Coverage, and Access to Care" -- Research Highlights

"Measuring Quality of Care for Prostate Cancer" -- Research Highlights

"Releasing Small Firms from Superfund Liability: What Will It Cost?" -- Research Brief

Institute for International Economics:
Fratzscher, Marcel. "On Currency Crises And Contagion"

Noland, Marcus. "Turmoil On The Korean Peninsula" [for the _Harvard Asia Pacific Review_]

Noland, Marcus. "Economic Integration And Cooperation On The Korean Peninsula"

Noland, Marcus. "The Economics Of National Reconciliation"
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New Offerings from Academic Publishers

Association of American University Presses: New Releases

Baker&Taylor Academia -- Upcoming Books to Buy (January 2001)

Cambridge University Press

Basic Books: New Releases

Thela Thesis -- Just Published

Perseus Publishing -- Book News (click on category)
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Voice or Exit: Comparative Perspectives on Ethnic Minorities in 20th Century Europe
May 25-27, 2001
Humboldt University Berlin, Germany

Beyond The Web: Technologies, Knowledge and People -- CAIS (Canadian Association for Information Science) 2001
May 27-29, 2001
Quebec, Canada

The First International Workshop on New Developments in Digital Libraries (NDDL 2001)
July 6-7, 2001
Setubal, Portugal

World Conference against Racism (United Nations)
August 31-September 7, 2001
South Africa
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New Tables of Contents/ Abstracts/ Full text

The Journal of Modern History (table of contents only)
Volume 72, Number 4 (December 2000)

Foreign Service Journal (text of featured articles)
November 2000

Currents in Electronic Literacy: Special Topic -- Technology and the Teaching of Writing in Primary and Secondary Schools (online journal)
Issue 3 (Spring 2000)

Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology (Table of contents, abstracts, full-text articles in .pdf and HTML)
Volume 7, Issue 2 (June 2000)

Philosophy and Rhetoric (Table of contents, abstracts, full-text articles in .pdf and HTML)
Volume 33 Issue 4
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Job Guides

H-Net Job Guide

The Chronicle of Higher Education Job Openings
Social Science

Academic Employment Network (By State)

American College Personnel Association: ACPA Ongoing Placement Listings

Academic (Update of "Jobs in Higher Education" site)
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In The News

Clinton's Latest Effort at Peace in Mideast Fails
1. Yahoo!News (Reuters): "Palestinians Reject Clinton Ideas for Final Peace"
2. New York Times: "U.S. Envoy Off to Mideast for a Last Effort at Talks" [registration required]
3. New York Times: "In Speech to U.S. Jews, Clinton Details His Mideast Plan"
4. BBC News: "Clinton's Mid-East peace plans"
5. BBC News: Middle East Crisis
6. UNISPAL: United Nations Information System on the Question of Palestine
7. Permanent Mission of Israel to the United Nations
Yesterday, Palestinian officials announced they could not accept the terms of Clinton's latest peace proposal -- publicly delineated for the first time by the President this weekend in a speech to an American Jewish organization. With the President himself admitting that an agreement before he left office now seemed unlikely, he dispatched US envoy Dennis Ross to the region in a last effort to generate some kind of positive outcome, perhaps a memorandum of understanding that could serve as the basis for future negotiations under the Bush administration's guidance. But the Palestinians have balked at Clinton's proposal that they relinquish the "right of return" to Israel of nearly four million Palestinian refugees -- a right guaranteed them by UN resolution -- and complained that his divisions of the West Bank were unacceptable. Israelis are also unlikely to accept the dramatic concessions Clinton calls for concerning the fate of the Haram al-Sharif area or Temple Mount, which would be under Palestinian sovereignty in the President's plan. Meanwhile, fighting has continued in the West Bank with new casualties on both sides and the perhaps symbolic destruction, in the midst of a gunfire exchange, of a modest monument commemorating the 1994 peace accord.

Published on Yahoo!News, a Reuters article (1) details the reasons for the Palestinians's rejection of Clinton's latest offer. The New York Times(2) describes the conditions under which a last effort at peace is being attempted by the Clinton administration as well as Clinton's policy-specific farewell address to the Israel Policy Forum (3). The BBC News offers a clear summary of Clinton's plan (4) and the points of contention it raises for the two sides. Also, the BBC's extensive online coverage of the MiddleEast Crisis is the best one-stop Website for the latest updates, background reports, and key profiles (5). The United Nations Information System on the Question of Palestine presents over 3,000 "full-text documents of the United Nations system relevant to the question of Palestine and the Arab-Israeli conflict in the Middle East since 1946" (6). The Permanent Mission of Israel to the United Nations Website gives information and policy statements on Israeli positions concerning important UN-related issues (7). [DC]
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