The Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities - February 6, 2001

February 6, 2001

A Publication of the Internet Scout Project
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The target audience of the Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities is faculty, students, staff, and librarians in the social sciences and humanities. Each biweekly issue offers a selective collection of Internet resources covering topics in the field that have been chosen by librarians and content specialists in the given area of study.

The Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities is also provided via email once every two weeks. Subscription information is included at the bottom of each issue.

In This Issue

New from Internet Scout


Learning Resources

New Data

Current Awareness

In The News

New from Internet Scout

Open Letter to Our Readers
Dear Readers: Here at the Internet Scout Project, we have been working on securing a new source (or sources) of funding for the Scout Reports. We are soliciting your ideas in an Open Letter to Readers that has been sent to the subscriber mailing lists and is available on our Website. Please read the letter at the address above and send us your ideas.
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Center for Studies on New Religions (CESNUR)
"Independent from any religious group, Church, denomination or association, CESNUR, the Center for Studies on New Religions, is an international network of associations of scholars working in the field of new religious movements." Their Website features an extensive and frequently updated library of scholarly texts on a seemingly exhaustive list of new religious movements of any size and scale. The texts and documents section offers hypertext bibliographies of articles, books, and Web resources on the general phenomenon of new religious movements; individual case studies of hundreds of organizations; and citations concerning religious liberty, anti-cult movements, and brainwashing. A similar bibliography of book reviews is also available here as is information on past and upcoming conferences associated with CESNUR. As the organization is international, some materials are presented in Italian, French, or Spanish. [DC]
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Strategies for Success: Reinventing Cities for the 21st Century -- Housing and Urban Development [.pdf, 125 pages]
Released just days before the Clinton administration left office, this report offers "a blueprint for cities making the transition from the old to the new economy." Built around a "series of case studies of cities in all parts of the country that have found ways to boost their local economy and jobs lost when their older industrial base declined," the report makes recommendations designed to help other urban areas manage the same transfer successfully. Much of the data used here are drawn from HUD's State of the Cities reports of the last four years (see the June 27, 2000 Scout Report for the Social Sciences for a recent reference). While there is some celebration of the economic gains that the administration was so eager, in its final days, to document as the result of Clinton policies, the report provides a thoughtful, readable discussion of how federal and local policymakers might tackle this significant issue for modern American cities. [DC]
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"No Child Left Behind": President Bush's Education Initiative to Congress -- US Department of Education
Executive Summary:
pdf. version [28 pages]:
The US Department of Education has placed online a report outlining President Bush's new educational policy and recommendations to Congress. The report outlines Bush's goals for education reform: testing to assess student performance and the success of individual schools, less federal regulatory involvement in school policymaking, targeted spending to "improve schools and enhance teacher quality," a focus on literacy, and a system of choice for parents whose children are in failing schools. The 28-page report provides a general summary of the policy initiatives designed to realize these goals. [DC]
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The Quantitative Study of Dreams
Created and maintained by researchers Adam Schneider and G. William Domhoff at the University of California, Santa Cruz, this Website offers scholarly guidance and research on quantifying what many consider the unquantifiable, dreams. Billed as "containing everything needed to conduct scientific studies of dream," the site offers a detailed explanation of content analysis, instructions for coding the content of dreams, statistical analysis of this coded content, examples of coded dreams, a collection of dream reports from various sources, answers to some objections concerning the validity and objectivity of such analysis, a library of relevant published and unpublished articles about quantitative dream research, an overview of some established results and current projects, and more. It may help the potential visitor to know that the authors of the Website do not interpret individual dreams, nor offer advice on how to do so. Schneider and Domhoff's content analysis is focused more on comparative studies of the contents of dreams across various social parameters, such as gender, culture, and mental illness, and correlations between the contents of an individual dreamer's dreams and the observable phenomena of his waking life. For instance, perhaps not surprisingly, an entomologist was found to have more references to animals (a category that here includes insects) in his dreams than the norm. [DC]
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Hidden Scandal, Secret Shame: Torture and Ill-Treatment of Children -- Amnesty International [.pdf]
This report from Amnesty International, published as part of the Stamp Out Torture Campaign begun in October, examines the international issues and incidents concerning the torture and ill-treatment of children. The report's first chapter considers the international legal standards that "define and prohibit" such abuse and attempts to "resolve some of the difficulties inherent in responding to the torture of children within a legal framework originally conceived for adults." The rest of the document draws on Amnesty International's field research and other direct evidence to examine the "contexts in which the torture of children actually occurs." The report also makes recommendations for ending these practices. Offered in .pdf format, the report can be accessed in its entirety or by chapter. [DC]
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Eliminating World Poverty: Making Globalization Work for the Poor [.pdf]
Published in early December by Prime Minister Blair and the British Secretary of State Clare Short, this second White Paper from the UK government on International Development discusses strategies for making the rapid development that has accompanied globalization benefit the world's poor more. The lengthy publication presents information and makes recommendations concerning third world governance and poverty, labour supply and skills development, private finance, trade, the global environment, effective development assistance, and the International System. A short summary of the paper in .pdf format as well as the full text in HTML (with a sidebar table of contents) has been posted. A search engine, extensive glossary, and text-only version are also available. [DC]
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Learning Resources

Online Classics [Windows Media Player]
Here's a nice counterpart to the huge mass of pop music videos offered online -- streaming live and archived videos of the performing arts. At the site, visitors will find over 150 hours of video-on-demand of opera, theatre, concerts, plays, dance, and musicals, and new and live broadcasts are added each week. The video selections are organized by performance type (opera, other vocal, orchestral, plays, dance), and most are offered in multiple connection speeds, though only those with broadband connections are likely to get the most out of the site. Even with a fast connection playback was less than optimal on most of the selections we viewed. The site states that "at the moment" all content is free. If this remains the case and if the site can improve playback quality, it has the potential to become a major resource for teachers and students as well as fans of the performing arts. [MD]
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Mexico: Splendors of Thirty Centuries
Presented by the Texas Humanities Resource Center, this online exhibit offers over 100 images with accompanying text examining the art and culture of Mexico. Influenced in its philosophy of presentation by Nobel Prize winner Octavio Paz's reflections on the enduring dual culture of Mexico -- part native Central American, part Spanish -- the exhibit offers thoughtful commentary on the architecture and artifacts of these two cultures and explores the gradual, though perpetually incomplete synthesis, of the two ways of being. The exhibit can be navigated either from visual or textual links and offers each image in a framed and macro-screen size. The reading room also contains essays and articles about Mexican history and culture in both English and Spanish, and an interactive game encourages students to test their knowledge of the exhibit. The exhibit is presented in collaboration with the San Antonio Museum of Fine Arts and the Metropolitan Museum, and made possible by grants from The Rockefeller Foundation and Texas Council for the Humanities. [DC]
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Footnotes to History
Recognizing the nation-state as an arbitrary, recent, and rather fluid concept, James Erwin has created a site that "provides an overview of ephemeral states, micronations, secessionist states, and every other kind of country you never heard of in high school -- from Maryland in Africa to the Republic of West Florida to the Centro-Caspian Dictatorship." The site contains an alphabetical index that consists of short, encyclopedia-like entries on thousands of different entities that have existed or continue to exist in the face of the hegemony of modern nationhood. In a time when the cartographers can not keep up with the redrawn lines of the world's maps from Eastern Europe to Africa to the Middle East, Erwin's online guide serves as a useful reference to those alternative identifications which have demonstrated a surprising resiliency in the post-cold war era. The site features a comprehensive bibliography of Erwin's sources as well as a brief annotated list of related links, particularly to the Websites of little-known micronations. [DC]
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Two on English Industrial History:
Lead Mining in the Yorkshire Dales
Halifax: A Study in Industrial Archaeology
Created and maintained by Martin Roe, a native of the Yorkshire Dales and a prize-winning amateur historian, these two sites offer text and images about the industrial history of the region, focusing primarily on the nineteenth century. Lead Mining in the Yorkshire Dales features tours of three different mining sites, including maps and numerous photographs with explanatory captions from these now defunct smelts and mines. A brief history of mining in the area from the Romans to 1900 is also offered, but undoubtedly the most impressive section is the one discussing in detail the extraction and processing of the raw ore. Halifax: A Study in Industrial Archaeology offers numerous photographs and textual history of the main industries of Halifax during the industrial revolution, namely textiles, quarrying, clay mining, and coal. Both Websites are laid-out well, and feature evocative photography and a detailed knowledge of the topics. [DC]
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English Server: Race and Ethnicity
The English Server at the University of Washington (see the December 12, 1996 Scout Report) consists of reference material, essays, fiction and non-fiction books, and other resources "addressing issues of race and ethnicity in the United States." The Server's selections are discriminating and up-to-date with essays by luminaries in the field such as bell hooks, Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and Cornel West; autobiographical narratives from Frederick Douglass and W.E.B. DuBois; a useful list of links to high-quality Websites; and famous "quotables" such as Martin Luther King's "I have a Dream" speech and Nelson Mandela's speech upon his release from prison. A keyword search engine is also available. [DC]
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"Deadly Lessons" -- Chicago Sun Times
This two-part, seven-article series from the Chicago Sun Times originally published in October examines the phenomenon of random school shootings. Relying primarily on research done by the Secret Service, the articles examine the psyches, motivations, and profiles of adolescent school shooters from the last 25 years -- a varied bunch in terms of demographics -- and consider means to identify and rectify the sources of such violence as well as ways to prevent such catastrophes when they appear imminent. Links are provided to further information and research on the topic, including the Secret Service's National Threat Assessment Center, which offers a variety of publications and reports on the issue. [DC]
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Banished to Botany Bay: Convict Transportation to Australia 1788-1852
This Website examines Australia's origins as a convict colony. It features informational pages covering the decision to found the colony; the make-up of the convicts; convict labour, discipline, and resistance; relations with the native Aboriginal population; female convicts; pictorial representations of the colony; a map of New South Wales; a bibliography; and more. The site was produced by a group of medical students at the University of Edinburgh -- many of the original colonists to Australia were convicts from Scotland. [DC]
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The well-known publication Linguafranca: The Review of Academic Life specializes in reporting and commentary on the world of academia. A typical issue includes features on both professional and intellectual topics, information about upcoming conferences, book reviews, and more. The Website offers much of the current February issue as well as an archive of book reviews, a three-year collection of exclusive and comprehensive listings of junior hirings, features on hiring in the current academic year, and a collection of "the best of Linguafranca articles over the last ten years. [DC]
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New Data

Three from the National Center for Education Statistics:
Advanced Telecommunications in U.S. Private Schools: 1998-99 [.pdf, 162 pages]
Digest of Education Statistics, 2000 [.pdf]
A Primer for Making Cost Adjustments in Education [.pdf]
In late January, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) released three new publications. Published January 22nd, the Advanced Telecommunications in U.S. Private Schools: 1998-99 provides data on personal computer and Internet availability in private schools. The data include student-to-computer ratios, the number of private schools with Internet access, and statistics on instructional use of computers and the Internet. Comparative data with public schools are also presented. Published January 26th, the Digest of Education Statistics, 2000 "provides a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field of education from prekindergarten through graduate school." Data in the digest cover "the number of schools and colleges; teachers; enrollments; graduates; educational attainment; finances; federal funds for education; employment and income of graduates; libraries; technology; and international comparisons." (The Digest of Education Statistics, 1999 was featured in the April 4th, 2000 Scout Report for the Social Sciences.) Published January 29th, A Primer for Making Cost Adjustments in Education gives advice to administrators for figuring cost adjustments in line with inflation. Independently written by William J. Fowler, Jr. and David H. Monk, the report considers the need to make cost adjustments in line with regional economic data -- a la the Consumer Price Index -- and to be aware "of cost-of-living differences between major metropolitan areas." The NCES states that this report is intended to contribute to an ongoing conversation about the issue and does not reflect the official views of the Department of Education. All three publications are in .pdf format and may be downloaded in their entirety or in selected chapters. [DC]
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"Sexual Victimization of College Women" -- US Justice Department [.pdf, 40 pages]
ASCII version:
Press release:
Last week, the Department of Justice released the report "Sexual Victimization of College Women," which offers "a comprehensive look into the prevalence and nature of sexual assault occurring at American colleges." The report provides data on the frequency, types, related injuries, and victim perceptions of sexual assault on campus. It finds that "about three percent of college women experience a completed and/or attempted rape during a typical college year" and that about thirteen percent of college women had been stalked since the beginning of the school year. The report can be downloaded in .pdf format or ASCII, and an online press release presents key findings. [DC]
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Crime Research Centre -- Law School at the University of Western Australia
Maintained by the Law School at the University of Western Australia, the Crime Research Centre houses substantial data as well as information on scholarly publications, conferences, related Web links, and public lectures pertaining to the study of crime in Western Australia. Data include comprehensive statistics for general crime in Western Australia from 1994 to 1999 (the 1999 statistics were recently posted) as well as statistics on domestic violence, trends in violent crime, and rural crime and safety in the state. In addition, the publications section provides tables of contents and ordering information for over two dozen research and scholarly reports and books on criminal justice issues. (We wish that the Centre would place online the full text of at least those reports listed as "out of print.") The links page appears comprehensive for its topic, though unannotated. [DC]
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Current Awareness
(For links to additional current awareness on tables of contents, abstracts, preprints, new books, data, conferences, etc., visit the The Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities Current Awareness Metapage:

American Indians and the Digital Divide -- National Congress of American Indians [.pdf]
This new Website, posted in December, is part of the National Congress of American Indians's effort "to provide national leadership for tribal nations that are attempting to bridge the digital divide in their communities." (This effort is currently being funded by a one-year grant from the AOL Foundation.) The NCAI Digital Divide Taskforce has posted here the Report and Recommendations from the NCAI 57th annual meeting held in November as well as two substantial independent reports on digital divide issues among Native Americans, written by the Economic Development Foundation and the Benton Foundation. A link is also provided to the National Telecommunications and Information Administration's study, Falling through the Net: Defining the Digital Divide (see the July 16, 1999 Scout Report for more information). All reports are posted in .pdf format. [DC]
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New Working Papers

Borzel, Tanja A. and Thomas Risse. "Who is Afraid of a European Federation? How to Constitutionalise a Multi-Level Governance System" -- Jean Monnet Working Papers Series, Harvard Law School
.rtf version:

Cruz, Julio Baquero. "Whither Europe . . . and When? Citizen Fischer and the European Federation" -- Jean Monnet Working Papers Series, Harvard Law School
.rtf version:

Menendez, Agustin Jose. "Another View of the Democratic Deficit: No Taxation without Representation" -- Jean Monnet Working Papers Series, Harvard Law School
.rtf version:

Wallace, Helen. "Possible Futures for the European Union: A British Reaction" -- Jean Monnet Working Papers Series, Harvard Law School
.rtf version:

Zielonka, Jan. "Enlargement and the Finality of European Integration" -- Jean Monnet Working Papers Series, Harvard Law School
.rtf version:

Bavier, Richard. "Medical out-of-pocket spending in poverty thresholds" -- US Census Bureau Poverty Measurement Working Papers

Smith, Amy Symens, Bashir Ahmed, and Larry Sink. "An Analysis of State and County Population Changes by Characteristics: 1990-1999" -- US Census Bureau Working Paper Series No. 45
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New Think Tank Policy Papers and Briefs

Center for the Study of Democracy:
Grofman, Bernard and Robert Stockwell. "Institutional Design in Plural Societies: Mitigating Ethnic Conflict and Fostering Stable Democracy"

Meyer, David S. "Claiming Credit: The Social Construction of Movement Success"

Foreign Policy in Focus: A Think Tank Without Walls:
"Missile Defense and China" (Policy Brief) [.pdf, 4 pages]

Zunes, Stephen. The Gulf War: Eight Myths (Special Report)

The Jerome Levy Economics Institute:
Handel, Michael J. "Is There a Skills Crisis? Trends in Job Skill Requirements, Technology, and Wage Inequality in the United States" [.pdf, 44 pages]

New York Immigration Coalition:
"Welfare Reform and Health Care: The Wrong Prescription for Immigrants"
.pdf version [69 pages]:

Urban Institute (Assessing the New Federalism):
Phillips, Katherin Ross. "Who Knows about the Earned Income Tax Credit?"
.pdf version [8 pages]:

Penner, Rudolph G. and Michael Weisner. "Do State Budget Rules Affect Welfare Spending?"
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New Offerings from Academic Publishers

Association of American University Presses: New Releases

Michigan State University Press Online -- New Releases

Cambridge University Press

Basic Books: New Releases

Thela Thesis -- Just Published

Perseus Publishing -- Book News (click on category)
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Thirteenth Annual National Black Graduate Student Conference
March 28-April 1, 2001
Texas Tech University; Lubbock, Texas

COSIGN 2001: Computational Semiotics in Games and New Media
September 12-14, 2001
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Libraries Without Walls 4
The Delivery of Library Services to Distant Users: Distributed Resources -- Distributed Learning
September 14-18, 2001
Hotel Delfinia; Molyvos, Lesvos, Greece

ECITE 2001: The Eighth European Conference on Information Technology Evaluation
September 17-18, 2001
Oriel College, Oxford, UK
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New Tables of Contents/ Abstracts/ Online Periodicals

Texas Journal of Ideas, History, and Culture (online journal)
Volume 22, Issue 2 (spring/ summer 2000)

The Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Stimulation (full text)
Volume 4, Issue 1

Oral History (tables of contents, abstracts)
Volume 28, Issues 1 & 2 (2000)

Sociological Methodology (tables of contents, abstracts)
Volumes 26-28 (1994-1998)

Ariadne (online journal)
Issue 26 (December 2000)
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Job Guides

H-Net Job Guide

The Chronicle of Higher Education Job Openings
Social Science

Academic Employment Network (By State)

American College Personnel Association: ACPA Ongoing Placement Listings

Academic (Update of "Jobs in Higher Education" site)
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In The News

Security Conference in Europe Exposes Rifts between US, Allies
1. "U.S. Intends to Put Anti-Missile Shield Around the World" -- International Herald Tribune:
2. "Strike Force, Missile Defense Split US, Allies" -- Washington Post Online
3. National Missile Defense (Special Report) -- Washington Post Online
4. "Proponents of Missile Shield Split on Bush Plan" -- LA
5. National Missile Defense Program -- Department of Defense
6. Missile Defense: Issue Brief -- Center for Defense Information [.pdf]
7. Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty -- Federation of American Scientists
8. "NATO's warns of threat to EU force" -- BBC News
A high-level security conference in Munich this weekend exposed rifts between the US and its European allies on the issues of a US missile defense system and the deployment of a "rapid reaction" European Union force. The US missile defense system took center stage over the weekend as Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld announced the Bush administration's plan to go ahead with development and deployment, unilaterally if necessary. Deliberately dropping "national" or "US" from his references to the system, Rumsfeld offered to develop it with European allies and extend its protection to their countries as well. Nonetheless, the European response was guarded and cautiously negative. German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder warned the US against "overly hasty and early determinations" about deploying missile defenses. The reaction of Russia was more pointed, referring to the possible development of a new arms race that could extend even into outer space (the Bush administration is considering a laser defense system) and the system's violation of the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. Rumsfeld dismissed European fears as unfounded and suggested that the relationship with Russia needed to be renegotiated on the ground of current threats, rather than outdated cold war assumptions. In the meantime, talks at the conference also revealed some US concern over current European Union plans to develop a "rapid reaction" force that could operate independently of NATO. Turkey's opposition to such a force, combined with the US's concerns, may help to ultimately kill the project.

Articles from the International Herald Tribune(1) and the Washington Post(2) report on Rumsfeld's comments on missile defense in Munich and the European reaction. The Post(3) also offers an archive of missile defense-related stories posted over the last five months. The LA Times(4) discusses the debate among proponents of the system as to which version to deploy -- the limited Clinton program already under development or a more expanded, ambitious version that could take up to a decade to be operational. The official site from the Department of Defense on the National Missile Defense Program (5) provides fact sheets on the various tests that have been attempted, information on the different components of the system, and an overview of the project. The non-partisan Center for Defense Information (6) offers a compilation of articles assessing the costs, chances for success, and impact on US allies of such a system. The Federation of American Scientists (7) presents the complete text of the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty as well as supporting documents relating to its negotiation and implementation history. Finally, the BBC reports (8) on NATO's opposition to an independent EU force. [DC]
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities (ISSN 1533-1423) is published every other Tuesday by the Internet Scout Project, located in the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Department of Computer Sciences.

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Copyright Susan Calcari and the University of Wisconsin Board of Regents, 1994-2001. The Internet Scout Project (, located in the Computer Sciences Department of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, provides information about the Internet to the U.S. research and education community under a grant from the National Science Foundation, number NCR-9712163. The Government has certain rights in this material. Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of the entire Scout Report provided this paragraph, including the copyright notice, are preserved on all copies.

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