The Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities - April 3, 2001

April 3, 2001

A Publication of the Internet Scout Project
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The target audience of the Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities is faculty, students, staff, and librarians in the social sciences and humanities. Each biweekly issue offers a selective collection of Internet resources covering topics in the field that have been chosen by librarians and content specialists in the given area of study.

The Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities is also provided via email once every two weeks. Subscription information is included at the bottom of each issue.

In This Issue


Learning Resources

New Data

Current Awareness

In The News


Two on the Chemical Industry
Chemical Industry Archives -- EWG [.pdf]
Trade Secrets [.pdf, RealPlayer]
This week, PBS aired a disturbing two-hour special hosted by Bill Moyers that explores the history of the chemical revolution of the past 50 years and how companies have long sought to withhold information from the public and their employees about the safety of many substances. The program draws on a large collection of previously secret industry documents unearthed during a ten-year lawsuit by the family of a man who died from a rare brain cancer after working at a vinyl-chloride plant. The family's lawyer eventually charged all vinyl-chloride-producing companies with conspiracy, and the discovery process brought to light hundreds of thousands of pages of documents which reveal a closely planned and well-executed campaign to limit regulation of toxic chemicals and the liability of manufacturers and to withhold important health information from all parties. A large selection of these internal documents, over 37,000 pages, is now available for the first time at the Chemical Industry Archives, created by the Environmental Working Group. The site offers several essays on the archive and the industry, including a selection of some egregious examples of companies hiding or denying known health risks of their products. The archive itself may be searched by keyword with several modifiers. The documents are presented in .pdf format. This site is sure to become an extremely important resource for health activists, journalists, and the concerned public. The companion site to the PBS program offers an overview of the film, interview transcripts, selected documents in HTML and .pdf formats, chemical worker profiles and videos, and a section on the 84 chemicals detected in Bill Moyers's blood and urine. Visitors will also find features on industry secrecy, regulation, money, and politics, as well as right-to-know efforts and what people can do to help protect themselves. These are enhanced by interactive features, documents, and links to related resources. If you only have time to visit two sites this week, they must be the Chemical Industry Archives and Trade Secrets. [MD]
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2001 Annual Report of the Board of Trustees of the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance Trust Funds [.pdf]
Released on March 19, 2001, the 2001 Annual Report of the Board of Trustees of the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance Trust Funds reports on the current status of the Social Security and Medicare trust fund. According to this year's report, Medicare's financial condition has improved over the past few years. It will, however, probably face severe financial difficulties in the future. Social Security has improved slightly over the past year, and the Board of Trustees predicts that funds will "be adequately financed one year longer than in last year's report, or until 2038, based on intermediate economic and demographic assumptions." For those lacking the time to read the entire 198-page report, the summary provides an excellent abridgement of the document. [EM]
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Three on Bay of Pigs/ Castro
Bay of Pigs Reports -- CIA
Bay of Pigs: Forty Years After -- NSA [RealPlayer]
Castro Speech Database
Next month is the 40th anniversary of the Bay of Pigs invasion, and this was marked last week by an extraordinary conference last week in Havana which involved former officials of the Kennedy Administration, the CIA, members of Brigade 2506, and Cuban government and military officials. The anniversary has also seen the release of numerous documents related to the ill-fated expedition. Over 1,000 pages of these have been placed online by the CIA. The primary offering consists of two volumes: the first contains the CIA Inspector General's (IG) report on the invasion, and the second consists of commentary on the IG report written by the Directorate of Plans (DP), now known as the Directorate of Operations (DO). As the site notes, "these two volumes are a rare side-by-side compilation of high-level government self-evaluation of its own performance in an historic and controversial event." In addition, the site includes over 750 related documents, many of them multi-page. All of these are offered as digitized page images of varying quality. Although it has not been updated since the second day of the conference, the National Security Archive's site on the Havana conference is a very useful resource, with reports on the proceedings, a chronology, numerous declassified documents, several audio recordings, and biographies of the members of the US delegation. Finally, for those interested in the political history of Cuba before and after the Bay of Pigs, LANIC has placed online a database "containing the full text of English translations of speeches, interviews, and press conferences by Fidel Castro, based upon the public domain records of the Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS)." The database contains speeches from 1959 to 1996 and may be searched by numerous modifiers or browsed by year. The speeches are offered in plain text format only. [MD]
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Women's Economic Independence and Security: A Federal/Provincial/Territorial Strategic Framework [.pdf]
Press Release:
In honor of International Women's Day 2001, Canada's Status of Women Ministers released their latest report earlier this month, Women's Economic Independence and Security: A Federal/Provincial/Territorial Strategic Framework. The 40-page document "examines social and economic conditions for women in Canada, and points to priorities for advancing women's economic equality.... The Strategic Framework presents socio-economic trends that affect women's opportunities, including market globalization and changes in the labour market and family structures" as well as examining factors such as education, the wage gap, balancing home and work responsibilities, unpaid work, and issues of power and leadership. The audience of the report includes not only federal, provincial, and territorial government officials, but women's groups, and "interested readers." [DC]
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VADS Search page
Design Council Archive Homepage
The Visual Arts Data Service (VADS) (last reviewed in the November 10, 2000 Scout Report) has recently announced the addition of over 3,000 black-and-white images from the Design Council Picture Library. The Design Council Archive and Picture Library documents the activities of the Council of Industrial Design, founded in 1944 and re-designated as the Design Council in 1972. The archive and picture library contain numerous items of interest to those studying material and visual culture as well as to business and social historians. At present, the photo collection may only be accessed from the main VADS search page. Returns are offered as thumbnails which link to a larger image and a catalog record. The homepage of the Design Council Archive offers further information and promises online access to several databases (documents, photos, posters, publications) in the near future. [MD]
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"Getting Less Care: The Uninsured With Chronic Health Conditions" -- Families USA [.pdf]
Fact Sheet
Families USA is a health care consumer watchdog organization that works at both the national and state levels. This new report offers a comparison of the health care received by insured and uninsured people who have five common health conditions: heart disease, hypertension, high blood cholesterol, arthritis, and chronic back pain. The report finds significant disparities in the quality of care received by both groups. Among other things, the uninsured receive half the number of lab tests, are much more likely to go without medicines, and have significantly fewer visits to doctors' offices. Readers may download the full text of the 56-page report and an 8-page fact sheet in .pdf format from the site. [MD]
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Handbook for Defining and Setting up a Food Security Information and Early Warning System -- Food and Agriculture Organization [.pdf]
Last week, the Economic and Social Department of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations released this 135-page document. The handbook focuses on the Food Security Information and Early Warning System (FSIEWS), and includes treatment of the system's structure, advantages, and didactic approach. A FSIEWS "relies on existing monitoring systems for information on the availability of staple production, the stability of supplies, access for all to these supplies and the biological utilization of food." The handbook is divided into three main sections. The first offers an explanation of the FSIEWS method -- definitions, descriptions, and goals of the system. The lengthy second section characterizes the process involved with setting up a Food Security Information and Early Warning System, and provides helpful advice on troubleshooting problems that may arise in creating such a system. The final chapter explains the global importance of FSIEWS. [EM]
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Thomas B. Fordham Foundation
The Thomas B. Fordham Foundation is dedicated to an agenda of education reform not unlike the President's: testing and accountability, charter schools, school choice, and the like. Its Website provides a number of recently written reports and papers relating to these issues. Recent documents include a "Memo to the New President," offering advice on how to bridge the "partisan divide" and enact reform, a history of teacher certification that examines the rise to political power of professional teacher organizations, a critique of whole language reading instruction, and The State of the State Standards, 2000, a comprehensive assessment of state standards. The publications section includes selected readings on school reform, teacher quality, charter schools, and more. The site features a search engine and a detailed site map. All in all, a fine resource for materials in the school reform debate from what many would characterize as the conservative perspective. The foundation is affiliated with the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. [DC]
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Learning Resources

Hollywood 10
Hollywood 10 is dedicated to telling the story of the 1947 House on Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) hearings which targeted a core group of nine Hollywood screenwriters and one director as Communists. The site lists some of the key players involved and includes an interesting essay on the events leading to the creation of HUAC and the 1948 blacklist issued by the heads of the major Hollywood studios. Most figures are given a brief biographical treatment and a filmography. Curiously, this site offers no information on the site owners (personal or corporate) except for an anonymous email address of the Webmaster. An interesting look at a sad and truly "noir" American story. [DJS]
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Search for Scotland
A complimentary site to the BBC's new ten-part series that explores the history of Scotland, this site offers a plethora of information which can be arranged and viewed according to users' preferences. Visitors to the site can choose to view resources about "the nature of Scottish national identity" by sifting through related topics, exploring time periods, reading a variety of personal histories of those who contributed to Scottish culture, or browsing by place (including BBC television regions!). Public records, historic documents, oral histories, and photographs contribute to making this site useful and intriguing. Navigation is a bit tricky, and getting back to where you started can sometimes be a challenge, but all in all, the site is well worth investigation. [REB]
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Virtual Museum of Canada [Flash]
This robust site, developed by the Canadian Heritage Information Network and hundreds of individual museums, combines the interactive possibilities of the Web with the cultural and historical treasures offered by the museums of Canada. The site is divided into several sections. In the VMC Exhibits section, users can view featured exhibits (current features include Hockey: A Nation's Passion and Yukon Photographers: The Gold Rush Era, 1897-1900) or choose from dozens of other online exhibits organized by subject area. The Image Gallery includes thousands of images arranged by theme from the VMC's collections. A Fun & Games section provides offerings aimed at kids, and a Teachers' Centre offers listings of museums' educational programs and other learning resources. My Personal Museum (free registration required) allows users to create and customize collections of their favorite pieces. The site also includes a Canadian Museum Locator and a Calendar of Events, and the entire site is available in both English and French. The richness of this site's content is impressive and well worth exploring. [SW]
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An American Family: The Beecher Tradition
The Beecher Tradition, based on an exhibit at the William and Anita Newman Library, explores the history of the well-known New England Family. Photos and excerpts from family letters, along with narrative text, make up the bulk of this online exhibition. Users navigate the site by progressing through the family history via a series of famous Beechers, starting with Patriarch Lyman Beecher, born in 1775 in New Haven, Connecticut. The site profiles five children of Lyman and his two wives along with one of his great-granddaughters. Among those profiled is the best known of the Beecher daughters, Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, or Life among the Lowly. A list of Beecher related links, a bibliography, and recommended reading list round out the site nicely. [REB]
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The English Room
Created by Marcia Rogers, a middle and high school educator and poet, this site offers lesson plans and teacher guides in five basic categories: 30 Days of Poetry, Literature, Research Using Technology, Writing with Traits, and Pages for Teachers. While the site does not appear to be updated frequently and it is marred by Lycos' annoying pop-up pages, the lesson plans here may be useful for English teachers in grades 6-12. The first section contains a month's worth of daily poetry assignments, each with examples and some providing links to additional information. The Literature section currently features lessons on Fahrenheit 451, and Research Using Technology also showcases one series of lessons structured around Internet investigations into word use and meaning. The latter two sections contain a guide to evaluating student papers (as "strong," "developing," or "weak") and links to pages on-site specifically focused toward teachers. [TK]
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The heart of this site is Boxmind's Online Library, which is a collection of Websites selected for their academic relevance and organized by subject. The search interface is a little strange at first, but easy enough to figure out. Users can choose from 27 subject areas, each with numerous sub-categories, to retrieve a list of briefly annotated Websites on that subject. Searches can also be narrowed according to site properties (content type, author, or language) or by the time periods or geographical regions covered by the listed sites. Free registration allows users to save collections of searches for future use, and to create personal reading lists of frequently visited sites. Also at this site and described as "available soon by subscription" is a collection of "e-lectures," each of which will include a streaming video of the lecturer speaking, a slide show that illustrates points in the lecture, a hyperlinked outline of the lecture, and the lecture transcript. One sample lecture, which requires a Windows platform and Internet Explorer 4.0+, is available for free viewing at the site. [SW]
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Written in the early years of the Net (1994), this book by Virginia Shea (Albion Press) should still prove helpful, particularly for instructors wishing to give their students some basic pointers on interacting online. Shea offers tips on posting to newsgroups, writing email, and general electronic communications, and while some of us would like to believe that most of the advice proffered here (e.g., "spelling and grammar do count") is common sense, a short time on the Internet is proof enough that a netiquette book can be helpful for many. Some of the information on bandwidth and the like is now somewhat outdated, but the basic rules (don't waste people's time, know what you're talking about, be articulate, etc.) still apply, and instructors sending their students online to do research may find this a very helpful primer. [TK]
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New Data

A Status Report on Hunger and Homelessness in America's Cities 2000 -- The United States Conference of Mayors [.pdf, 125 pages]
Press Release:
In January, the United States Conference of Mayors posted its annual status report on hunger and homelessness in America's cities. "The survey, conducted in 25 cities, examined the causes of hunger and homelessness, the demographic groups that make up this population, demand for emergency food and housing-related assistance, model programs that respond to these problems, and the projected impact of the economy on hunger and homelessness in America." The 125-page report finds that emergency demands for food were at their second highest rate in 2000 since 1991 with a seventeen percent increase in demand. The average demand for emergency shelter also increased by fifteen percent -- the highest one-year increase of the decade. The data are compiled from surveys conducted by city officials who consult with and collect data from community-based providers and government agencies. [DC]
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Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516
Compiled by Dr. Samantha Letters and hosted by the Institute for Historical Research (IHR), this site contains the first comprehensive national survey of markets and fairs in medieval England and Wales. At present, full information is available for eleven counties, with new additions planned throughout the year. The entries may be browsed by country or place name, and a glossary, list of abbreviations, and description of methodology and sources are provided. Users are encouraged to read the introduction and instructions on reading the entries before they begin, or else they might not be able to decipher the contents. This unique resource will undoubtedly be warmly welcomed by scholars of medieval history and literature. [MD]
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Current Awareness
(For links to additional current awareness on tables of contents, abstracts, preprints, new books, data, conferences, etc., visit the The Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities Current Awareness Metapage:

New Working Papers

Kundu, Amitabh. "Urban Development, Infrastructure Financing and Emerging System of Governance in India: A Perspective" -- MOST (Management of Social Transformation -- UNESCO) Discussion Paper

Nefissa, Sarah Ben. "NGOs, Governance and Development in the Arab World" -- MOST (Management of Social Transformation -- UNESCO) Discussion Paper

Ronen, Dov. _Managing Cultural, Ethnic, And Religious Diversities
On Local, State, And International Levels In Central Europe: The Case Of Slovakia_ -- MOST (Management of Social Transformation -- UNESCO) Discussion Paper

Armbrust, Walter. "The Riddle of Ramadan: Media, Consumer Culture and the 'Christmas-ization' of a Muslim Holiday" -- New Media and Information Technology in the Middle East Working Papers

Miller, W. Flagg. "Invention (Ibtidaa') or Convention (Ittibaa')? Islamist Cassettes and Tradition in Yemen" -- New Media and Information Technology in the Middle East Working Papers

Kyvelidis, Ioannis. "Measuring Post-materialism in Post-Socialist Societies"
.pdf version [25 pages]
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New Think Tank Policy Papers and Briefs

Brookings Institution:
Barks-Ruggles, Erica. "Meeting the Global Challenge of HIV/AIDS" (Policy Brief #75, April 2001)

Center for Nonproliferaton Studies
Kampani, Gaurav. "Living With India's Bomb: In Praise Of Indifference" [.pdf, 22 pages]

Sokov, Nikolai. "Russian Missile Defense For Europe: The February 20 Proposal Is More Serious Than It Seems"

Center for Defense Information:
Stohl, Rachel. "Reflections on the Clinton Presidency: The Arms Trade"

Center on Budget and Policy Priorities:
Greenstein, Robert and Isaac Shapiro. "Chairman Thomas' Proposals to Assist Low- and Moderate-Income Families"
.pdf version [11 pages]

Economic Policy Institute:
Bernstein, Jared. "Slowing economy threatens earnings of low-wage workers, risks increase in inequality" (Quarterly Wage and Employment Series)
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New Offerings from Academic Publishers

Association of American University Presses: New Releases

Michigan State University Press Online: New Releases

Cambridge University Press

Basic Books: New Releases

Thela Thesis: Just Published

Perseus Publishing: Book News (click on category)
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Winning & Losing in the New Economy
September 11-13, 2001
University of Nottingham, United Kingdom

Technology, Economic and Social Applications of Distributed Intelligence
(TESADI 2001)
October 7-10, 2001
Tucson, Arizona

2001 Ethics Symposium
October 18-21, 2001
The University of Memphis, Tennessee
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New Tables of Contents/ Abstracts

Essays in Criticism (Abstracts, Full-text [.pdf])
Volume 51, Issue 1 (January 2001)

Journal of Refugee Studies (Table of contents, some abstracts)
Volume 13, Issue 4 (December 2000)

The Opera Quarterly (table of contents)
Volume 17, Issue 1 (Winter 2001)

International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family (Abstracts, Full-text [.pdf])
Volume 15, Issue 1(April 2001)

Journal of Design History (Table of contents, abstracts)
Volume 14, Issue 1(2001)
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Job Guides

H-Net Job Guide

The Chronicle of Higher Education Job Openings
Social Science

Academic Employment Network (By State)

American College Personnel Association: ACPA Ongoing Placement Listings

Academic (Update of "Jobs in Higher Education" site)
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In The News

Milosevic Surrenders
1) "Milosevic Arrested at Mansion" -- Los Angeles Times
2) "Milosevic is Arrested by Serb Police" -- Washington Post
3) Yugoslavia After the Revolution -- BBC
4) "Milosevic: Accused mastermind of ethnic cleansing" --
5) "The Rise of Slobodan Milosevic" -- CBC News
6) International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia
7) Free Serbia: Other Voices from Serbia
8) B92
At 4:00 am on the morning of April 1, 2001, Former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic surrendered after a 40-hour stand-off at his home in Belgrade. Milosevic has pleaded non-guilty to the domestic charges of abuse of power and theft of state funds; he will spend the next 30 days in custody at in Belgrade's central prison. During the stand-off, the former president had repeatedly stated that he would not be taken alive. He was, however, reassured after learning that he was not, in fact, being arrested on charges of war crimes. He was indicted in 1999 for war crimes and is wanted by the United Nations for trial in the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. Last year, the US Congress gave officials in Belgrade a March 31, 2001 deadline to cooperate with The Hague or they would face an aid cutoff of $50 million in US assistance. While Milosevic was only charged with domestic criminal charges, the Yugoslav government hopes that the US will be appeased by this arrest which may lead to his extradition to the tribunal.

The Los Angeles Times(1) and the Washington Post(2) offer news briefs on Milosevic's arrest during the early morning hours on April 1; the Post article links to current updates, photos, and video of the raid, and Web resources. The BBC (3) provides a special report, Yugoslavia After the Revolution, which details the events leading up to Sunday's arrest. To learn more about Slobodan Milosevic, (4) offers an explanation for the recent arrest and provides background for information as to the reasons why he is wanted both domestically and by the UN. A profile by the Canadian CBC News (5) follows Milosevic's career from his first political position in 1984 until the present. The official site of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (6) includes a variety of news, legal documents, judgments, and cases. Two sources of news and information about the former Yugoslavia are Free Serbia (7) and B92 (8). [EM]
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities (ISSN 1533-1423) is published every other Tuesday by the Internet Scout Project, located in the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Department of Computer Sciences.

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