The Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities - April 17, 2001

April 17, 2001

A Publication of the Internet Scout Project
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

The target audience of the Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities is faculty, students, staff, and librarians in the social sciences and humanities. Each biweekly issue offers a selective collection of Internet resources covering topics in the field that have been chosen by librarians and content specialists in the given area of study.

The Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities is also provided via email once every two weeks. Subscription information is included at the bottom of each issue.

In This Issue


Learning Resources

New Data

Current Awareness

In The News


Two Report Cards on American Education
The Nation's Report Card: Fourth-Grade Reading 2000 -- NAEP [.pdf, PowerPoint]
Raising Achievement and Reducing Gaps: Reporting Progress Toward Goals for Academic Achievement -- NEGP [.pdf] Individual State Releases
On April 6, two important educational assessment reports were issued, both based on data collected by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). The first of these focuses on the reading skills of fourth-graders and finds that the gap between the highest and lowest performing students has widened over the past eight years. Users may access the data and report contents in a number of forms, including an executive summary, highlights report, fact sheets, charts and tables, and as a Power Point presentation. The second report, produced by the National Education Goals Panel, discusses this gap in reading ability, but also finds that math skills improved slightly in the 1990s. The report analyzes NAEP state data to identity state trends in performance and changes among students in the top and bottom quartiles. For a limited time, users may access individual state assessments at the third URL. [MD]
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Building Blocks for Youth [.pdf]
"Building Blocks for Youth is an alliance of children's advocates, researchers, law enforcement professionals and community organizers that seeks to protect minority youth in the justice system and promote rational and effective justice policies." The organization's Website provides reports, data, and news releases concerning the issue of the treatment of minorities in the American criminal justice system. Issued this month, their latest report Off Balance: Youth Race and Crime in the News examines the media treatment of crime victims and perpetrators who are people of color. Building Blocks also offers three previous reports that analyze data concerning the discrepancies between sentencing for black and white juveniles accused of similar crimes, both nationally and specifically in California, and data on the growing practice of charging juveniles as adults. The site also features a number of fact sheets on related issues, a newsroom featuring press releases and links to related articles in the online press, and a monthly newsletter presenting the latest fact sheet. The reports are offered in HTML as well as .pdf formats for easy downloading.
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Travels for Reform: The Early Work of Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, 1852-1861
An electronic "mini-edition" of the microform edition of the Papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, compiled by the Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony Project, has been made available by Rutgers University and the Model Editions Partnership. The mini-edition features a selection of facsimile and transcribed documents -- including letters, pamphlets, reform organization documents, leaflets, and much more -- from the microform edition's 14,000 images. The documents are introduced by brief essays that place them in the historical context of the evolution of the women's movement in the 1850s. A number of maps relevant to Anthony's and Stanton's work are also provided. The mini-edition may be searched using a keyword search engine posted on the Table of Contents page. More information about the Project can be reviewed at their homepage. [DC]
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Five from Human Rights Watch:
"Uganda in Eastern DRC: Fueling Political and Ethnic Strife"
Scared at School: Sexual Violence Against Girls in South African Schools
"The 'Dirty War' in Chechnya: Forced Disappearances, Torture and Summary Executions"
"Chile -- Progress Stalled Setbacks in Freedom of Expression Reform"
Beyond Reason: The Death Penalty and Offenders with Mental Retardation
In March, Human Rights Watch released five new reports. The 50-page report, "Uganda in Eastern DRC: Fueling Political and Ethnic Strife," documents how Ugandan authorities fueled internal conflicts between factions of the rebel Congolese forces. Scared at School: Sexual Violence Against Girls in South African Schools examines the physical and sexual harassment young girls often encounter in South African schools as well as the consequences for their education, as many girls leave school in the face of such harassment, and the general failure of school authorities to prevent it. "The 'Dirty War' in Chechnya: Forced Disappearances, Torture and Summary Executions" details recent abuses of human rights by the Soviet Union in their continued efforts to subdue the province of Chechnya. The report describes the cases of 52 "disappeared" individuals who were last seen in the custody of Russian federal forces. "Chile -- Progress Stalled Setbacks in Freedom of Expression Reform" examines the failure of the current democratic government of Chile to repeal repressive laws established and enforced under Pinochet, including laws that criminalize speech and make "contempt of authority" a crime against the state. For a description of the last report Beyond Reason: The Death Penalty and Offenders with Mental Retardation, see the March 23, 2001 Scout Report. [DC]
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An Evaluation: Wisconsin Works (W-2) Program -- Department of Workforce Development, State of Wisconsin [.pdf]
Report only:
Appendices only:
Press release:
Last week, the Legislative Audit Bureau of Wisconsin issued a 221-page report evaluating the success of the state's high profile welfare reform program, Wisconsin Works (a.k.a. W-2). The report finds that, despite the fact that the state spent more money on the program in its first three years than in previous years on the old AFDC system, only a small minority have found jobs that pay more than poverty wages. The evaluation offers comprehensive data on the program's expenditures and effectiveness, in terms of welfare caseloads, employment, and income of participants. The report is posted in .pdf format and may be downloaded in total or in selected portions. [DC]
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The Right Start: Conditions of Babies and Their Families Across the Nation and in America's Largest Cities, 2001 [.pdf]
This new report from the Annie E. Casey foundation provides data on how children born in each state as well as the nation's 50 largest cities fared on eight selected measures of a "right start," including teen births, repeat teen births, births to unmarried women, maternal education, prenatal care, smoking during pregnancy, birthweight, and pre-term births. The report allows users to compare data for the eight measures between states and between cities and provides summary profiles of each of the 50 states and many of their major urban centers. Users may either examine the data in .pdf format in two separate files -- one for cities, one for states -- or generate online their own profiles, line graphs, national maps, rankings, and raw data using a customized data program. [DC]
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2001 Quality of Life Report -- Federation of Canadian Municipalities [.pdf]
Press release:
Released last month by the Federation of Canadian Municipalities, this 114-page report is the second such report in two years on the quality of life in Canada. The quality of life reporting system uses nine key indicators: "community affordability, employment, housing, community health, safety, community stress, community participation, human resources and social infrastructure." The report finds that despite Canada's excellent social support networks, the gap between the rich and poor in the country's urban centers is growing. In addition to data on the nine indicators, the report features an appendix with highlights from the 1999 report. [DC]
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Documents from the Women's Liberation Movement -- Duke University, Special Collections
The Special Collections Library of Duke University has maintained for some time an extensive and regularly updated collection of documents from the Women's Liberation Movement of the 1960s and 1970s. The documents are browseable by subject categories and searchable by keyword. Subject categories include General and Theoretical, Medical and Reproductive Rights, Organizations and Activism, Sexuality and Lesbian Feminism, Socialist Feminism, Women of Color, and others. Most documents are offered in transcription, with some limited facsimile versions available. A short list of links to related sites is also provided. The site is associated with the Women's Liberation Research Network at Duke (see the November 11, 1997 Scout Report for the Social Sciences). [DC]
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Learning Resources

The Alger Hiss Story: Search for the Truth [RealPlayer]
With the assistance of New York University Libraries and private foundation grants, Jeff Kisseloff, a cultural historian of the cold war, maintains this highly informative and well-stocked Website on the Alger Hiss case. Hiss was a State Department official in the 1930s and became the subject of intense scrutiny by the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) after being accused of spying for the Soviets by erstwhile Communist Whittaker Chambers, who converted to a strong anti-Communist stance in 1938. Chambers' charges as pursued by HUAC and Hiss' testimony denying these charges eventually led to two perjury trials of Hiss. After the first trial ended in a mistrial, Hiss was convicted of two counts of perjury in the second trial in 1950. The Website provides exhaustive historical context for the committee hearings, the two trials, and the American political climate of the 1930s, 40s, and 50s. In addition, many primary documents, including the famous Pumpkin Papers that were considered the key documentary evidence against Hiss as well as Soviet intelligence reports on Hiss released in the 1990s, are posted on the site. An audio/ visual section also features video excerpts of HUAC testimony and subsequent interviews with individuals involved in the case, including Hiss himself, who maintained his innocence until his death in the 1990s. The designers claim to have built "a highly accessible site that can serve those looking for an introduction to the case and others already more expert who seek in-depth research reports and testimony." We wholeheartedly agree, though we recommend the site map as the best guide to the site's information and materials. We also should point out that the site is supported in part by The Alger Hiss Research and Publication Project of the Nation Institute. [DC]
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Encyclopaedia of Philosophy of Education
Available in both English and Portuguese, the online Encyclopaedia of Philosophy of Education offers hundreds of entries on significant figures, movements, and concepts in its field. From Nietzsche to Kuhn to Hegel to Constructivism to Piaget to Postmodernism to the Pragmatic theory of learning, the Encyclopaedia's substantial essay entries are written by scholars in the fields of philosophy and education. Many of the entries are still in the works but are already listed so that users may see what the complete text will cover. The Encyclopaedia is edited by Michael A. Peters at the University of Aukland, New Zealand and Paulo Ghiraldelli Jr. at the Universidade Estadual Paulista in Brazil. [DC]
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UMUC-Bell Atlantic Virtual Resource Site for Teaching with Technology [RealPlayer]
A collaborative project of the Center for the Virtual University and the Center for Teaching and Learning at the University of Maryland University College, this site aims to help teachers develop good practice in adopting technology in their courses. The site consists of two modules. The first focuses on using Web-based technologies to design online courses and links to over 40 examples of Web-enabled assignments from a variety of disciplines. Each is briefly described, with notes on the Web-based technologies employed. The second module concerns delivery in online courses, offering six interviews (video, audio, and transcript) "on significant dimensions of online teaching, with particular emphasis on managing interaction." Each interview includes a collection of related (annotated) links. This site should be useful to those studying teaching and technology as well as those who would like to make better use of the Internet and related technologies in their classroom. [MD]
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Medicating Kids -- Frontline [RealPlayer]
Last Tuesday, PBS' Frontline broadcast "Medicating Kids," a documentary examining the pervasive diagnosis and drug treatment of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) among primary and middle school students. This excellent companion Website offers a complete video of the broadcast as well as profiles of the four families featured and extended professional readings both on the typical drug therapies and on the controversy among scientists, educators, mental health professional, and activists over the appropriateness of drug therapy and the validity of the disease itself. Readings are taken from such sources as Scientific American,The National Journal,The New Republic, and American Prospect. Also included are links to data on ADHD treatment from UN, DEA, and university studies. In addition, Frontline has posted transcripts of interviews with representatives of the drug industry, mental health care professionals, educators, and opponents of drug therapy for ADHD. All sides in this issue get ample time to make their case in this typically scrupulous investigation from the best national news magazine on television. [DC]
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Web Concordances: Shelley, Keats, Blake, Coleridge, and Hopkins
The English department of the University of Dundee offers this useful Website for researching the poetry of five famous English poets of the nineteenth century. Online concordances are provided here for Shelley's Selected Poems, 1816-1821, Coleridge's "The Ancyent Marinere," Keats' Odes, Wordsworth's and Coleridge's 1798 edition of Lyrical Ballads, and Gerard Manley Hopkins' Poems, first published in 1918. A workbook accompanies the concordances on Blake, Coleridge, and Keats, providing some background on the poems, advice on using the concordance for criticism, and some links to related Websites. Professors of the Romantics are likely to find this a particularly useful site with which to acquaint their undergraduates. [DC]
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Timeline of Sociology
Compiled by Ed Stephan, a professor emeritus in sociology at Western Washington University, this timeline features a listing of significant events in the discipline of sociology from 1600 to 1995. Many of the items link to pages devoted to the sociologists, texts, or movements identified in the timeline. The timeline provides hundreds of links, and new ones are continually added. A sociology calendar on-site also provides a listing exclusively of the births and deaths of the philosophers and sociologists featured in the timeline. [DC]
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New Data

Census Bureau Data:
Population Change and Distribution: 1990-2000 [.pdf]
Press release:
Living Arrangements of Children: Fall 1996 [.pdf, Excel]
Press release:
Recently, the US Census Bureau posted new data from the 2000 census and from the 1996 panel of the Survey of Income and Program Participation. On April 2, the Bureau announced that the 2000 Census showed the largest increase ever in the US population over a ten-year period, 32.7 million. "The previous record increase between decennial censuses, the 28.0 million jump between 1950 and 1960, occurred during the post-World War II 'baby boom.'" A review of the data in .pdf format is offered as well as a press release. Data from Survey of Income and Program Participation show that the "nuclear family rebound[ed]" from 1991 to 1996, increasing from 51 percent of American households to 56 percent. The 1996 data is posted in .pdf, Excel, and ASCII formats. The 1991 data is in .pdf format only. [DC]
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Slave Movement During the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries [.zip]
This site from the Data and Program Library Service (DPLS) at the University of Wisconsin provides access to the raw data and documentation which contains information on a variety of slave trade topics from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, including records of slave ship movement between Africa and the Americas, slave ships of eighteenth-century France, slave trade to Rio de Janeiro, Virginia slave trade in the eighteenth century, English slave trade (House of Lords Survey), Angola slave trade in the eighteenth century, internal slave trade to Rio de Janeiro, slave trade to Havana, Cuba, Nantes slave trade in the eighteenth century, and slave trade to Jamaica. The data are presented in a variety of formats and can be downloaded as .zip files. A codebook is provided, but the DPLS cautions that analysis of the data by hand is tedious and time-consuming. In short, the data here are for serious academic researchers with the appropriate software. A no-fee registration is also required. For more information on the DPLS, see the March 5, 1997 Scout Report. [DC]
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Civic Involvement Survey, 1997 -- American Religion Data Archive [ExplorIt, MicroCase 4.0, SPSS]
In March, the American Religion Data Archive posted data "on the level and types of civic involvement of a nationally representative sample of American adults. Extensive questions about respondents' religious activities and beliefs are also included in the survey." In addition to the data's description, users can view the codebook, download the data, and search or analyze the data. Download options include ExplorIt Software, MicroCase 4.0, SPSS portable file, and ASCII. [DC]
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Current Awareness
(For links to additional current awareness on tables of contents, abstracts, preprints, new books, data, conferences, etc., visit the The Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities Current Awareness Metapage:

New Working Papers

Bhaumik, Sumon Kumar. "Intergenerational transfers: The ignored role of time" -- Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [.pdf, 27 pages]

Carter, Lawrence R. and Alexia Prskaweta. "Examining Structural Shifts in Mortality Using the Lee-Carter Method" -- Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [.pdf, 17 pages]

Frejka, Tomas and Gerard Calot. "Cohort childbearing age patterns in low-fertility countries in the late 20th century: Is the postponement of births an inherent element?" -- Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [.pdf, 24 pages]

Ahmed, Patricia, Cynthia Feliciano, and Rebecca Jean Emigh. "Ethnic Classification in Eastern Europe" [.pdf, 23 pages]

Fine, Gary. "Adolescence as Cultural Toolkit: High School Debate and the Repertoires of Childhood and Adulthood" [.pdf, 41 pages]

Lupher, Mark. "States and Globalization: Realism, Transnationalism, and Chaos in the Early 21st Century" [.pdf, 27 pages]

Kim, Hyojoung. "Shame, Anger, and Love in Collective Action: Emotional Consequences of Suicide Protest in South Korea, 1991" [.pdf, 57 pages]

Morgan, Bryn and Joseph Connelly. "UK Election Statistics: 1945-2000" [.pdf, 41 pages]
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New Think Tank Policy Papers and Briefs

Center for Development Research
Taketoshi, Kazuki. "Environmental Pollution and Policies in China's Township and Village Industrial Enterprises" [.pdf, 42 pages]

Stark, Oded. "On a Variation in the Economic Performance of Migrants by their Home Country's Wage" [.pdf, 18 pages]

Stevens, Chris and Jane Kennan. "The impact of the EU's 'everything but arms' proposal: a report to Oxfam"

Sweetman, Caroline, ed. Men's Involvement in Gender and Development Policy and Practice: Beyond Rhetoric [.pdf, 84 pages]

Harrell, Margaret C. Invisible Women: Junior Enlisted Army Wives [.pdf, 116 pages] Access document via table of contents at:

Urban Institute (Assessing the New Federalism Project)
Bell, Stephen H. Why Are Welfare Caseloads Falling?
.pdf version [76 pages]

Ehrle. Jennifer, Rob Geen, and Rebecca Clark. "Children Cared for by Relatives: Who Are They and How Are They Faring?"
.pdf version [8 pages]
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New Offerings from Academic Publishers

Association of American University Presses: New Releases

Michigan State University Press Online -- New Releases

Cambridge University Press

Basic Books: New Releases

Thela Thesis -- Just Published

Perseus Publishing -- Book News (click on category)
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PanAmerican Colloquium: Cultural Industries And Dialogue Between Civilizations In The Americas
September 17-19, 2001
Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Canada

The International Labour Movement on the Thresholds of Two Centuries -- Labour Movement Archives and Library Stockholm
October 24-25, 2002
Stockholm, Sweden

The Power of Knowledge, the Resonance of Tradition -- Indigenous Studies: Conference 2001
September 18-20, 2001
The Australian National University, Canberra
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New Tables of Contents/ Abstracts/ Journals

Comparative Connections: An E-journal on East Asian Bilateral Relations
Vol. 3, No. 1 (April 2001)

The Antigonish Review (table of contents, some articles online)
Issue 122

Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation (table of contents, abstracts)
Vol. 12, No. 1 (March 2001)

Signs (table of contents only)
Vol. 25, No. 2 (Winter 2000)

European Journal of Social Work (table of contents, abstracts)
Vol. 4, No. 1 (March 2001)
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Job Guides

H-Net Job Guide

The Chronicle of Higher Education Job Openings
Social Science

Academic Employment Network (By State)

American College Personnel Association: ACPA Ongoing Placement Listings

Academic (Update of "Jobs in Higher Education" site)
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In The News

In Cincinnati, Curfew Ends, Questions Remain
1. "Cincinnati Lifts Curfew After Quiet Night" -- Reuters via Yahoo!News
2. "Three Hurt in Cincinnati After Suspect's Funeral" -- Reuters via Yahoo!News
3. "Despite Report After Report, Unrest Endures in Cincinnati" -- New York Times (free registration required)
4. "Civility turned to anarchy: How it happened" -- Cincinnati Enquirer
5. "Nation divided by race" -- Cincinnati Post op-ed Piece
6. Driving While Black: Racial Profiling On Our Nation's Highways -- ACLU Report
7. Relations Deteriorate Between Pittsburgh Police, Blacks -- NPR April 16, 1996 [RealPlayer]
Yesterday, the mayor of Cincinnati ended a five-day curfew in his city that followed in the wake of three days of riots over the police shooting of an unarmed Black man, Timothy Thomas. Thomas, nineteen, was wanted on fourteen warrants for misdemeanors and traffic violations. He was fleeing police officer Steve Roach when the officer opened fire, killing Thomas. A peaceful protest march led by Cincinnati clergy from the Black community turned violent on Tuesday as police confronted marchers -- a confrontation that apparently began with police seeking to discipline verbally abusive protestors and that quickly escalated to rioting and looting. The rioting continued for three days with hundreds of arrests and dozens of injuries. The curfew seems to have been effective in restoring order, but the Black community is still demanding answers as to why Thomas and fourteen other African-American males have been killed by Cincinnati police in the last five years (no White suspects have been killed by the force in the same time period). A grand jury will meet today to consider whether charges will be brought against Roach. Meanwhile, both the FBI and the Justice Department have initiated investigations.

Reuters news stories posted on Yahoo! report on the mayor's decision to lift the curfew imposed last Wednesday (1) and the disturbance between police and African-American attendees of Timothy Thomas' funeral (2). The New York Times(3) reviews the long, documented history of conflict between the Black community and the predominantly White police force in Cincinnati. The Cincinnati Enquirer(4) offers a feature article that reviews (with photos) the history of the unrest day-by-day from a week ago Monday to yesterday. An op-ed piece in the Cincinnati Post by Miami University Professor of History, Allan Winkler, (5) considers the Cincinnati riot's implications for the current state of race relations in the US. A 1999 report (6) from the American Civil Liberties Union documents the persistent and controversial practice of racial profiling by law enforcement officers nationwide. An NPR morning edition segment (7) examines a similar case of questionable police conduct (the death by asphyxiation of an African-American male who was in custody for a traffic violation) that occurred in Pittsburgh five years ago this week. [DC]
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The Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities (ISSN 1533-1423) is published every other Tuesday by the Internet Scout Project, located in the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Department of Computer Sciences.

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